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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Chair Dr. Susan E. Offutt is currently a senior consultant to the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics at the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. Until her retirement from federal service in 2015, she was chief economist at the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) for 8 years. Before joining GAO, she served as administrator of the U.S. Department of Agricultureâs (USDAâs) Economic Research Service for 10 years. Prior to that, she was executive director of the National Academies of Sci- ences, Engineering and Medicineâs Board on Agriculture, which conducts studies on a range of topics in agricultural science. She was chief of the Agriculture Branch at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). During her tenure at OMB, she coordinated budget and policy analysis of the farm bill and trade negotiations in addition to the operations of USDA. She began her career on the faculty at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where she taught econometrics and public policy. She is a fellow of the American Applied Economics Association and the National Academy of Public Administration. She re- ceived an M.S. and a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Cornell University. Members Dr. Vikram E. Chhatre is currently a senior research scientist with the IDeA Networks for Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) Bioinformatics Core at the University of Wyoming, where he helps biolo- gists incorporate high-performance computing in their research. He is a forest population geneticist inter- ested in understanding the demographic and evolutionary forces shaping the genetic structure of natural populations of tree species. Dr. Chhatreâs research during the past 15 years has addressed issues in popula- tion, conservation, and quantitative genetics of long-lived and ecologically and economically important forest tree species such as spruce, pine, and poplar. Most recently he investigated the importance of range context and interspecific hybridization in understanding adaptation to climate in Populus, a model species and emerging bioenergy system. In the pursuit of these goals, he applies computational tools to genomic data obtained from next-generation sequencing technologies. Dr. Chhatre received a Ph.D. in genetics from Texas A&M University and was a postdoctoral fellow with the U.S. Department of Agricultureâs Forest Service and the University of Vermont. Dr. Jason A. Delborne is an associate professor of science, policy, and society in the Department of For- estry and Environmental Resources at North Carolina State University. Dr. Delborne joined the university in August 2013 as part of the Chancellorâs Faculty Excellence Program in Genetic Engineering and Society. His research focuses on highly politicized scientific controversies, such as agricultural and forest biotech- nology, gene drives, synthetic biology, and biofuels. Drawing upon the highly interdisciplinary field of science, technology, and society (STS), he engages various qualitative research methodologies to ask ques- tions about how policy makers and members of the public interface with controversial science. Dr. Delborne holds a bachelorâs degree in human biology from Stanford University (1993) and a doctorate in environ- mental science, policy, and management from the University of California, Berkeley (2005). He completed postdoctoral training funded by the National Science Foundation at the University of WisconsinâMadison Prepublication Copy 175Â
Appendix A (2006â2008) before beginning his faculty career as an assistant professor of liberal arts and international studies at the Colorado School of Mines (2008â2013). Dr. Delborne recently served on the National Acad- emies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicineâs Committee on Gene Drive Research in Non-Human Or- ganisms, which released its report Gene Drives on the Horizon in June 2016. Dr. Stephen DiFazio is a professor in the Department of Biology and the director of the Genomics Core Facility at West Virginia University. His thesis research focused on gene flow and reproductive biology of conifers and cottonwoods. He then worked as a staff scientist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, focusing on a variety of functional and structural genomics projects, most notably the sequencing of the Populus genome. He currently serves on many scientific advisory boards, including those of the National Science Foundation Plant Genome Project, Greenwood Resources, and the Forest Health Initiative. Dr. DiFazio received his B.S. in biology and English from Northeastern University and his M.S. in ecology and Ph.D. in forest genetics from Oregon State University. Dr. Doria R. Gordon is a lead senior scientist, with a focus on ecosystems, in the Office of the Chief Scientist at the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF). Prior to EDF, she spent 25 years working in science, conservation, and management for The Nature Conservancy in Florida. Dr. Gordon is also a courtesy pro- fessor of biology at the University of Florida and a research associate at Archbold Biological Station near Lake Placid, Florida. She has conducted research on the restoration of forested ecosystems, including blue oak woodlands in California and longleaf pine systems in Florida. She has also developed and evaluated risk-assessment tools for predicting invasiveness in plant species. Dr. Gordon completed an M.S. and a Ph.D. in plant ecology at the University of California, Davis, following an undergraduate degree in biology and environmental studies at Oberlin College. Dr. InÃ©s IbÃ¡Ã±ez is an associate professor in the School for Environment and Sustainability at the University of Michigan. Dr. IbÃ¡Ã±ezâs research aims at developing the knowledge and the experimental and analytical frameworks necessary to generate near-term predictions of the effects of global change on forest ecosys- tems. Her work integrates existing knowledge and data into forecasting ecosystemsâ dynamics under future environments. Outcomes from her work are geared at informing management decisions that optimize con- servation, restoration and sustainable practices for a wide range of ecosystems varying from natural areas to tree plantations and urban vegetation. She received her B.S. in biology (botany) from Universidad Complutense de Madrid, an M.S. in range sciences from Utah State University, and a Ph.D. in ecology from Duke University. Mr. Gregory Jaffe is the director of the Project on Biotechnology for the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI). Mr. Jaffe came to CSPI after serving as a trial attorney for the U.S. Department of Justiceâs Environmental and Natural Resources Division and as senior counsel with the U.S. Environmental Protec- tion Agencyâs Air Enforcement Division. He is a recognized international expert on agricultural biotech- nology and biosafety and has published numerous articles and reports on those topics. He has worked on biosafety regulatory issues in the United States and throughout the world, including the African countries of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Mali, Ghana, Malawi, South Africa, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria. He was a member of the U.S. Secretary of Agricultureâs Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture from 2003 to 2008 and was reappointed to a new term from 2011 to 2016. He was also a member of the U.S. Food and Drug Administrationâs Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee from 2004 to 2008. In addition, he has provided his biosafety expertise for projects involving the International Food Policy Research Institute, the World Bank, and the Biosafety Project of the UN Environment ProgrammeâGlobal Environment Facility. Mr. Jaffe earned his B.A. with high honors in biology and gov- ernment from Wesleyan University and then received a law degree from Harvard Law School. 176 Prepublication CopyÂ
Forest Health and Biotechnology: Possibilities and Considerations Dr. Mark D. Needham is a professor in the Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society at Oregon State University (OSU); an adjunct professor in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences at OSU; and an adjunct and affiliate professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Hawaii. He is a social scientist who focuses on understanding human experiences and behavior within the context of nature and uses this to inform land management and advance scientific thought. Dr. Needhamâs most recent work on forest-related issues includes studies of public attitudes toward using biotechnological (e.g., genetic modification) and nonbiotechnological (e.g., tree breeding, assisted migration) interventions to address for- est health threats (e.g., diseases such as chestnut blight, pests such as pine beetle, climate change). He is also working on a study of public trade-offs of ecosystem services associated with aerial herbicide spraying and other intensive management practices on private forestlands. He is editor-in-chief of the international journal Human Dimensions of Wildlife and director of the Natural Resources, Tourism, and Recreation (NATURE) Studies Lab at OSU. Dr. Needham received the Academy of Leisure Sciences Excellence in Teaching Award for 2016, Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Studentsâ Award for Outstanding Faculty for 2013, College of Forestry Deanâs Award for Outstanding Teaching and Advising Professor for 2009, and the College of Forestry Deanâs Award for Outstanding Research Professor for 2007. He received his B.A. and M.A. in geography and environmental studies from the University of Victoria in Canada and his Ph.D. in human dimensions of natural resources from Colorado State University. Dr. Clare Palmer is a professor of philosophy and a Cornerstone faculty fellow in the Liberal Arts at Texas A&M University. She was awarded a B.A. (First Class) with honors from Trinity College, Oxford, and a D.Phil. from Queenâs College, Oxford, and has since held academic positions at universities in the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States. Her primary areas of research are environmental ethics, animal ethics, and the ethics of emerging technologies, in particular, ethical questions raised by the use of biotech- nology for conservation goals. She held the elected position of president of the International Society for Environmental Ethics from 2007 to 2010 and currently serves on the editorial boards of interdisciplinary journals, including Environmental Values, the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, People and Nature, and Environmental Humanities. She is the author or co-author of four books, including Animal Ethics in Context (Columbia University Press, 2010) and has edited or co-edited seven other volumes, in- cluding, in 2014, Linking Ecology and Ethics for a Changing World, a collaboration between philosophers and ecologists. She has more than 100 other publications. She was the founding editor of the journal Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion (Brill Academic Press), and was co-principal investigator on the National Science Foundationâfunded project Genomics and Society from 2012 to 2016. Dr. Jeanne Romero-Severson is a professor of quantitative genetics and genomics at the University of Notre Dame. She studies population genetics and genomics of adaptive variation for stress resistance in temperate forest trees and insects, including insect vectors of human disease. In her first career in the private sector, she identified genetic determinants of regenerative capacity from tissue culture, resistance to two major potyviruses, and resistance to European corn borer in maize. She led the final effort to produce agronomically acceptable maize inbreds from the first successful Bt transformant in maize. In her academic career, she has contributed to the whole-genome sequencing projects for the jewel wasp, a parasite of flies, and the human body louse. Her specialization in statistical genetics and genetic mapping in nonmodel or- ganisms led to the identification of genetic determinants for saltwater tolerance in sibling species of Anoph- eles (malaria vector) mosquitoes. Her group generated the first genetic map for northern red oak, identified the extent of natural hybridization between the native nut tree, butternut, with Japanese heartnut, identified genetically unique populations of butternut in Atlantic Canada, discovered that the rate of regeneration in northern red oak influences estimates of population differentiation, and generated full-sib resource popula- tions for black walnut and northern red oak. Dr. Romero-Severson is currently working on identifying ge- netic determinants of emerald ash borer resistance in green ash and the functional genomics of multifactor artemisinin resistance in the malaria parasite. She is a member of the governing board of the American Chestnut Foundation, the governing board of the Northern Nut Growers Association, and the advisory group for the Center for Tree Science at the Morton Arboretum. She is also a member of the American Prepublication Copy 177Â
Appendix A Society of Plant Biologists, the Society of American Foresters, and the American Association for the Ad- vancement of Science. Dr. Romero-Severson is the author or co-author of more than 78 refereed publica- tions. She holds two issued patents and one provisional patent involving plant breeding and analytical chemistry. She received her B.S. in molecular biology and Ph.D. in plant breeding and plant genetics from the University of WisconsinâMadison. Dr. Ronald R. Sederoff (NAS) was a distinguished university professor of forestry, Edwin F. Conger Professor of Forestry and Environmental Resources, and co-director of the Forest Biotechnology Group at North Carolina State University. After a stint as a U.S. Forest Service scientist in California, he joined NC Stateâs forestry and environmental resources department in 1987. Dr. Sederoff, one of the first scientists to study molecular genetics of forest trees, established the Forest Biotechnology Group at NC State in 1988. His work focuses on gaining a better understanding of forest tree biology and using that knowledge to accelerate tree breeding. In 1995, Dr. Sederoff was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. He is also a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the International Academy of Wood Science. In 2004, he received an honorary doctorate in forest science from the Swedish Agricultural University. He was named the Institute of Forest Biotechnologyâs 2011 Forest Biotechnologist of the Year, and in 2017 he was awarded the Marcus Wallenberg Foundation Prize, an international award for scientific achievements in fields important to forestry. He received his B.S. in zoology and M.S. and Ph.D. in zoology genetics from the University of California, Los Angeles. Dr. Diana L. Six is a professor of forest entomology/pathology in the Department of Ecosystem and Con- servation Sciences in the W.A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation at the University of Montana. Her primary research focuses on the evolution and maintenance of symbioses, particularly those occurring among bark beetles, ambrosia beetles, and fungi. This work includes collaborative efforts with scientists in the United States, South Africa, Sweden, and Mexico. Dr. Six also conducts research on various aspects of bark beetle ecology and management, including investigations into how bark beetles may affect the ability of forests to adapt to climate change. She is an associate editor for the journals Insects, Journal of Economic Entomology, and Agricultural and Forest Entomology. Dr. Six is a member of several scientific societies including the Entomological Society of America and the International Symbiosis Society. She received her B.S. in agricultural biology from California State Polytechnic University and M.S. and Ph.D. in entomology from the University of California, Riverside. Dr. Richard A. Sniezko has worked in forest genetics and tree improvement since 1977. Since 1991, he has been Center Geneticist with the U.S. Department of Agricultureâs Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Regionâs Dorena Genetic Resource Center in Cottage Grove, Oregon. His work focuses on development of genetic resistance to nonnative forest tree diseases as well as genetic variation and genetic conservation in forest trees. His Bachelor of Science degree in forest science is from Humboldt State University, and his Ph.D. in forest genetics is from North Carolina State University. Prior to joining the Forest Service in 1991, he worked in Zimbabwe (3 years) and at Oregon State University (in conjunction with Pacific Northwest Research Station). He is coordinator of International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) 2.02.15 Working Group (breeding and genetic resources of five-needle pines) and a member of the IUFRO Task Force on Biological Invasions in Forests. Dr. Sniezko is also initiator and ad hoc coordinator/facilita- tor for the Genetics of HostâParasite Interactions in Forestry working group that met in 2011 and 2015 and is scheduled to meet August 5â10, 2018. He oversees programs that have developed genetic resistance to the nonnative pathogens Cronartium ribicola and Phytophthora lateralis has been technical adviser to the program to develop resistance to koa wilt (caused by Fusarium oxysporum) in Hawaii, and has recently started a program in conjunction with Oregon State University to look for resistance to sudden oak death (caused by P. ramorum) in tanoak. The programs he oversees are world leaders in the applied development of resistance for reforestation and restoration, and the products from these programs are now used widely across the Pacific Northwest. Since 2001, Dr. Sniezko has organized or co-organized eight international conferences and workshops on genetic resistance, genetic conservation, and white pine genetics/breeding. 178 Prepublication CopyÂ
Forest Health and Biotechnology: Possibilities and Considerations He has been principal investigator (PI), co-PI, or cooperator on numerous funded grant proposals, has pub- lished numerous papers, and has been an invited speaker on the development and application of disease resistance in forest trees. Prepublication Copy 179Â