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CONTENTS Summary, 3 I. Introduction, 3 A. Research Process, 4 II. Legal Considerations for Communicable Disease Response Planning, 5 A. Identification and Reporting of Ill Passengers, 5 B. Measures to Detect Communicable Disease, 7 C. Contact Tracing, 9 D. Regulations to Control Communicable Diseases: Isolation and Quarantine, 9 E. Decontamination Procedures, 11 F. Safety of Airport Employees, 13 III. Legal Authorities for Roles and Responsibilities, 14 A. Airport Authority Responsibilities, 14 B. Communications, 14 IV. Ensuring Privacy and Confidentiality, 15 A. Protected Health Information, 16 B. Protection of Privacy Interests, 17 C. Due Process Protections, 20 V. The Changing Legal Environment During Emergencies, 21 A. Emergency Declarations, 21 B. Federal Declaration of Emergency, 22 C. State, Local, and Tribal Emergency Declarations and Responses, 24 VI. Potential Liability and Protections, 27 A. Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act, 27 B. Volunteer Protection Act, 28 C. Uniform Emergency Volunteer Health Practitioners Act, 28 D. Model State Emergency Health Powers Act, 29 E. Other State Volunteer Protections, 29 F. Equipment, Planning, and Training, 29 Conclusion, 30 Contributions, 31 Acronyms, 32 Glossary, 33 Appendix A: Stakeholders, 35 Appendix B: State and Local Quarantine and Isolation Laws of the 10 Busiest U.S. Airports, 36 Appendix C: Checklist of Legal Issues to Consider in Developing Airport Communicable Disease Preparedness Plans, 49 Acknowledgments, 57