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Microgrids and Their Application for Airports and Public Transit (2018)

Chapter: Appendix - Evaluation and Modeling Tools

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Page 52
Suggested Citation:"Appendix - Evaluation and Modeling Tools." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Microgrids and Their Application for Airports and Public Transit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25233.
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Page 52
Page 53
Suggested Citation:"Appendix - Evaluation and Modeling Tools." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Microgrids and Their Application for Airports and Public Transit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25233.
×
Page 53
Page 54
Suggested Citation:"Appendix - Evaluation and Modeling Tools." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Microgrids and Their Application for Airports and Public Transit. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25233.
×
Page 54

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52 This non-exhaustive collection of tools and guides provides useful resources for evaluating and analyz- ing DER integration and microgrids. Additional tools and guides are anticipated in the DOE’s Microgrid Playbook for Decision Makers (final version pending release). HOMER energy A paid software originally developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), HOMER allows engineers and designers to simulate thousands of possible system sizes and configurations to determine the most economical energy mix to optimize microgrid design. https://www.homerenergy.com/HOMER_pro.html Hazard Mitigation Cost Effectiveness Tool A resilience project feasibility tool developed to evaluate the financial benefits of disaster resilient projects. Delivers robust cost-benefit analysis. https://www.transit.dot.gov/funding/grant-programs/emergency- relief-program/hazard-mitigation-cost-effectiveness-tool Storage Handbook A how-to guide for energy storage projects developed through a collaboration of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), and the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA). The guide serves as an information resource for evaluating storage technologies, explaining electrical grid services, ownership models, and procurement tasks. http://www.sandia.gov/ess/publication/doeepri-electricity-storage-handbook/ Solar Resilience Tool An online Solar PV and battery storage sizing tool. Designed for the City of San Francisco, this tool estimates solar system and battery storage system sizing based on emergency loads input by the user and project location. https://solarresilient.org/ Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) An economic and environmental modeling tool for DER adoption developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), DER-CAM assesses the economics of operating on-site generation and combined heat and power (CHP) systems. https://building-microgrid.lbl.gov/projects/der-cam The Microgrid Design Toolkit (MDT) A decision-support software tool developed by Sandia National Laboratories, MDT is intended for use in the early stages of a microgrid project to evaluate design objective trade-offs. http://www.sandia.gov/missions/_assets/documents/MDT_Install_ Files_v1.2.1193.0.zip EPA Spark Spread Calculator A natural gas and electricity price evaluation tool for CHP systems developed by the EPA’s CHP Partnership as a spark spread calculator to evaluate whether or not CHP would be a viable option for a particular facility. https://www.epa.gov/chp/my-facility-good-candidate-chp A P P E N D I X Evaluation and Modeling Tools

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TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) and Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) have released a joint report, ACRP Synthesis 91 / TCRP Synthesis 137: Microgrids and Their Application for Airports and Public Transit. The report describes microgrids that airports and public transit agencies can implement to increase resilience of their critical infrastructure. A microgrid is described as a collection of loads, on-site energy sources, local energy storage systems, and an overarching control system. Developments in control technologies have seen advanced microgrid controllers expand microgrid functionality to create new value streams and revenue opportunities, increasing microgrid viability to many more sectors. This synthesis describes the benefits, challenges, costs, revenue streams, and ownership structures relevant to airports and public transit entities.

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