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Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey (2019)

Chapter: Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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Page 180
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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Page 182
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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Page 183
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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Page 184
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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Page 185
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Committee and Staff Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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  C Committee and Staff Biographical Information LAURA H. GREENE, Co-Chair, is the chief scientist at the National High Field Magnet Laboratory and the Francis Eppes Professor of Physics at Florida State University. Dr. Greene’s research is in experimental condensed matter physics, investigating strongly correlated electron systems and focusing primarily on revealing the mechanisms of unconventional superconductivity by planar-tunneling and point-contact electron spectroscopies and growing and developing methods for predictive design of new superconductors. She is recognized for her work on superconductor/semiconductor proximity effects, elucidating the physical properties of pure and doped high-temperature superconductors (HTSs), the discovery of broken time-reversal symmetry in HTS, and spectroscopic studies of the electronic structure in heavy-fermion metals. Dr. Greene has been a visiting scientist at the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) in Orsay; University of California, Irvine; and Trinity College, Cambridge, and is a visiting distinguished professor at Seoul National University. Her various editorial positions include Reports on the Progress in Physics (editor-in-chief), Philosophical Transactions A, and Current Opinions in Solid State and Materials Science. Dr. Greene is a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Institute of Physics (UK), the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and the American Physical Society (APS). She has been a Guggenheim fellow and has received the E.O. Lawrence Award for Materials Research from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Maria Goeppert-Mayer Award from the APS, and the Bellcore Award of Excellence. Dr. Greene has co-authored over 200 publications and has given approximately 500 invited talks. TOM C. LUBENSKY, Co-Chair, is the Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Physics at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Lubensky is a theoretical condensed matter theorist with extensive research experience in phase transitions and critical phenomena, liquid crystals, soft matter physics (colloids, membranes, biological materials), and topological mechanics. He is a member of the NAS (Section 33 Chair, 2008-2011) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a fellow of the APS and the AAAS, and an honored member of the International Liquid Crystal Society. He is a recipient of the 2004 Oliver E. Buckley Prize of the APS. Dr. Lubensky served as chair of the Department of Physics at the University of Pennsylvania from 2001 to 2009. He has served on numerous committees reviewing physics departments in the United States and in Korea; on the editorial boards of Physical Review E, Annals of Physics, and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; as a member of the advisory board of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics; and a member-at-large of the executive committee of the Divisions of Condensed Matter Physics of the APS. Dr. Lubensky is co-author with Paul Chaikin of a best-selling graduate textbook, Principles of Condensed Matter Physics. MATTHEW V. TIRRELL is the founding Pritzker Director and Dean of the Institute for Molecular Engineering (IME), and the deputy laboratory director for science at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Before becoming founding director of the IME in 2011, Dr. Tirrell served as the Arnold and Barbara Silverman Professor and chair of the Department of Bioengineering at the University of California, Berkeley, and as professor of materials science and engineering and chemical engineering and PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION C-1

  faculty scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Prior to that, he was dean of engineering at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Dr. Tirrell began his academic career at the University of Minnesota as an assistant professor in the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering and later became head of the department. He received his B.S. in chemical engineering from Northwestern University and his Ph.D. in polymer science and engineering from the University of Massachusetts. He specializes in the manipulation and measurement of the surface properties of polymers—materials that consist of long, flexible chain molecules—leading to new insight into polymer surface phenomena, such as adhesion, friction, and biocompatibility. Dr. Tirrell’s honors include the Polymer Physics Prize of the APS; the Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques (Ministry of Education of France); and the William H. Walker Award, the Charles M.A. Stine Award, and the Professional Progress Award, all from the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Dr. Tirrell is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Indian National Academy of Engineering, and he is a fellow of the AAAS and the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering. PAUL M. CHAIKIN is the Silver Professor of Physics at New York University (NYU). Prior to joining the faculty of NYU, Dr. Chaikin was a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles; University de Paris-Sud, Orsay; University of Pennsylvania; and Princeton University. He also worked as a research associate and consultant for Exxon Research and Engineering Company and the NEC Institute. His current research includes artificial systems that self-replicate and evolve, self-assembly and self- organization, active matter and driven systems, nanolithography with diblock copolymers, photonic noncrystals, and low-dimensional conductors and superconductors. Dr. Chaikin has published more than 300 articles in journals such as Physics Review, Journal of Materials Science, Physical Review Letters, Journal of Physics, Nature, and Science, and he co-authored the book Principles of Condensed Matter Physics with T.C. Lubensky (1995). Dr. Chaikin has served on the editorial boards of numerous refereed journals and has lectured at more than 200 meetings and at more than 200 universities and laboratories. He has also registered two patents. He received a Sloan Foundation fellowship and a John Simon Guggenheim Foundation fellowship. He is a member of the NAS and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He received his B.S. from Caltech in 1966 and his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1971. Dr. Chaikin served as a member of several committees of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, including the Committee on Opportunities in High Magnetic Field Science (2003-2005); the Committee on an Assessment of and Outlook for the National Science Foundation (NSF) Materials research Laboratory Program (2005-2007); the Solid State Sciences Committee (2007-2010); and the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space: Fundamental Physics Panel (2009-2011). HONG DING is a distinguished professor of the Institute of Physics (IOP), Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the managing director and chief scientist of Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics. Dr. Ding obtained his B.S. degree in physics from Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 1990 and his Ph.D. degree in physics from the University of Illinois, Chicago, in 1995. He was a postdoctoral fellow at ANL from 1996 to 1998. He joined the Department of Physics at Boston College as an assistant professor in 1998, became an associate professor in 2003, and became a full professor in 2007. He joined the IOP full time in 2008. Over the past 20 years, Dr. Ding has made important contributions to understanding high-temperature superconductors and topological materials using angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. His major scientific achievements include the discovery of pseudogap in cuprate superconductors, first observation of s-wave superconducting gap in iron-based superconductors, and experimental discovery of Weyl fermions in solid-state materials. He has published more than 200 papers with a total citation number over 11,000 and H-index of 53, and he has given more than 90 invited talks in international scientific conferences. Dr. Ding received a Sloan Research Fellowship Award in 1999, was selected as one of the first “Thousand Talents Experts,” and was elected an APS fellow in 2011. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION C-2

  KATHERINE T. FABER is the Simon Ramo Professor of Materials Science at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). Dr. Faber’s research interests include the fracture of brittle materials, toughening mechanisms, ceramic composites and coatings, porous ceramics, and cultural heritage science. Educated at Alfred University with a B.S. in ceramic engineering, she earned an M.S. in ceramic science at the Pennsylvania State University and a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Prior to joining the faculty at Caltech in 2014, Dr. Faber was assistant and associate professor of ceramic engineering at the Ohio State University (OSU; 1982-1987) and associate professor, professor, and Walter P. Murphy Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in the McCormick School of Engineering at Northwestern University (1988-2014). Until 2016, she was co-director of the Northwestern University-Art Institute of Chicago Center for Scientific Studies in the Arts. Her administrative positions at Northwestern have included associate dean for graduate studies and research in the McCormick School and chair of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. Among Dr. Faber’s awards are the NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award, Distinguished Life Member of the American Ceramic Society (ACerS) and fellow of the American Society of Metals (ASM International), the Charles E. MacQuigg Award for Outstanding Teaching at OSU, the Society of Women Engineers Distinguished Educator Award, and the YWCA Achievement Award for Education. Dr. Faber is an ISI Highly Cited Author in Materials (2003), served as president of the ACerS (2006-2007), and was elected to the 2014 American Academy of Arts and Sciences class of fellows. PAULA T. HAMMOND is the David H. Koch Professor in Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Dr. Hammond is a member of the MIT Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, a member of the MIT Energy Initiative, and a founding member of the MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology. She has recently been named the new head of the Department of Chemical Engineering. She is the first woman and the first person of color appointed to the post. She also served as the executive officer (associate chair) of the Chemical Engineering Department (2008-2011). Dr. Hammond was elected into the 2013 class of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is also the recipient of the 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Charles M.A. Stine Award, which is bestowed annually to a leading researcher in recognition of outstanding contributions to the field of materials science and engineering, and the 2014 Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research. She received her B.S. in chemical engineering from MIT in 1984 and her M.S. from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1988, and earned her Ph.D. in 1993 from MIT. Dr. Hammond has developed new biomaterials, including targeted nanoparticle drug carriers capable of delivering combinations of chemotherapy drugs, thin film coatings that release drugs from implant surfaces for tissue, and controlled release microneedle vaccines against infectious disease. CHRISTINE E. HECKLE is the research director of the Inorganic Materials Research Division at Corning, Inc. Dr. Heckle is responsible for setting the materials research strategy and vision to deliver new materials to support next-generation products in glass and ceramics. She received her Ph.D. in glass science from Alfred University. Previously, she was research director, Crystalline Materials Research, where she led the development of new ceramic products to support the Environmental Technologies and Specialty Materials segments, as well as new business and exploratory arenas. Dr. Heckle joined Corning in 1997 in Corning specialty materials development. She then moved to environmental technologies to lead a variety of programs that introduced new products into the marketplace. Under her leadership, DuraTrap AT was expanded into the heavy-duty market, and two new product offerings were launched for the light-duty market. In 2012, Dr. Heckle won the inaugural R, D & E Leadership Award from National Organization for the Professional Advancement of Black Chemists and Chemical Engineers for her proven track record of producing results with an excellent use of emotional intelligence and people skills, as well as for being a key advocate and champion of diversity initiatives. Dr. Heckle is a member of SPECTRA, Corning’s LGBT employee resource group, and ADAPT, Corning’s employee resource PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION C-3

  group for people with disabilities and those who care for people with disabilities. She mentors and coaches members of the Ethnically Diverse Group of Employees and the Society of Black Professionals. KEVIN J. HEMKER is the Alonzo G. Decker Chair and Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) and holds joint appointments in the Departments of Materials Science and Engineering and Earth and Planetary Sciences. Dr. Hemker joined the faculty at JHU in 1993, was an NSF National Young Investigator (1994) and an invited professor at the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL, 1995) and the University of Paris XIII (2001), and received the ASM Materials Science Research Silver Medal in 2001. He served as chair of the Department of Mechanical Engineering (2007- 2013), was editor of Scripta Materialia (2004-2011), and was a member and vice chair of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Defense Science Research Council (2010-2015). He is currently a member of the Hughes Research Laboratories Technical Advisory Group and the SRI Technology Council, and is incoming vice president of The Minerals, Metals, Materials Society (TMS). Dr. Hemker has been named a fellow of the AAAS, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASM International, and TMS. His group strives to elucidate the underlying atomic-level details that govern the mechanical response, performance, and reliability of disparate material systems including nanocrystalline materials, materials for microelectromechanical system, metallic microlattices, thermal barrier coatings, armor ceramics, extreme environments, and high-temperature structural materials in general. The results of this research have been disseminated in over 200 scientific articles, four co-edited books, and approximately 300 invited presentations and plenary lectures. JOSEPH P. HEREMANS is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and a professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the OSU. Dr. Heremans holds courtesy appointments in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and in the Department of Physics of OSU. He joined OSU after a 21- year career at the General Motors and Delphi Research Laboratories, where his research resulted in three commercial products. His current research interests lie in materials for solid-state thermal-to-electric energy conversion technologies. This includes thermoelectric semiconductors and materials for thermal energy conversion based on thermally driven spin fluxes (spin-caloritronics). In thermoelectrics, Dr. Heremans pioneered the use of resonant levels in semiconductors to increase the figure of merit. In spin- caloritronics, the study of heat-driven spin currents that in turn drive electron currents, he is the lead author of a giant spin-Seebeck effect in InSb. His most current work aims at applying thermally driven spin fluxes in thermoelectrics to improve their ZT. Dr. Heremans holds 39 U.S. patents, three sets of which went into production. He is a member of the NAE and a fellow of the AAAS and the APS. BARBARA A. JONES is a senior researcher who leads the theoretical and computational physics project at IBM’s Almaden Research Center in San Jose, California. Dr. Jones received an A.B. degree in physics from Harvard University in 1982, followed by a year at Cambridge as a Churchill scholar. She earned M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Cornell University in 1985 and 1988, respectively. After postdoctoral research at Harvard University, she joined IBM at the Almaden Research Center in 1989. Dr. Jones has worked on a range of projects both fundamental and more applied, including managing experimentalists working on media and read heads, to theories of quantum wells and other effects in magnetic multilayers. Currently, she leads research to calculate the effects of magnetic atoms, in clusters or nanolattices, on metallic/insulating surfaces, as engineered and measured by scanning tunneling microscope. Among other distinctions, Dr. Jones was the 2001 recipient of a Tribute to Women in Industry Award and is currently the chair of the Division of Condensed Matter Physics of the APS, the chair and founder of the APS/IBM Research Internship for Undergraduate Women, past member and chair of the APS Committee on the Status of Women in Physics (1999-2002), and past chair of the IBM Almaden Diversity Council. NADYA MASON is a professor of physics at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). Dr. Mason received her bachelor’s degree in physics from Harvard University and her Ph.D. in physics from PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION C-4

  Stanford University. Before joining the Physics Department at the University of Illinois, Dr. Mason was a postdoctorate at Harvard, and then a junior fellow in the Harvard Society of Fellows. A condensed matter experimentalist, Dr. Mason’s research focuses on how electrons behave in low-dimensional materials such as carbon nanotubes, graphene, and nanostructured superconductors. She is especially interested in the interplay between electron correlations and reduced dimensionality, as enhanced interactions in low dimensions are expected to create novel phenomena. Improved understanding of such systems is important for applications ranging from superconducting power lines to nanoscale electronic elements to quantum computers. Dr. Mason has received multiple awards for her work, including an NSF CAREER award and a Woodrow Wilson Career Enhancement Award, and she was honored as an “Emerging Scholar” by Diverse Magazine in 2008. In addition to her research and teaching, Dr. Mason is committed to increasing the numbers of under-represented people in the sciences. THOMAS MASON is the senior vice president for laboratory operations at Battelle Memorial Institute. Previously, he was the director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Dr. Mason graduated from Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, with a bachelor of science degree in physics, and completed his postgraduate study at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, receiving a doctor of philosophy degree in experimental condensed matter physics. After completing his Ph.D., he held a postdoctoral fellowship at AT&T Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, and then became a senior scientist at Risø National Laboratory in Denmark. In 1993, Dr. Mason joined the faculty of the Department of Physics at the University of Toronto. He joined ORNL in 1998 as scientific director for the DOE Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) project. In 2001, he was named associate laboratory director for SNS and vice president of UT Battelle, LLC, which manages ORNL for the department. In 2006, he became associate laboratory director for neutron sciences, leading a new organization charged with delivering safe and productive scientific facilities for studying of structure and dynamics of materials. In 2007, Dr. Mason was named director of ORNL, holding this post until his transition to Battelle. Dr. Mason has coauthored over 100 refereed publications describing experimental studies of novel magnetic materials and superconductors. As director of the largest science and energy laboratory in the DOE, he was focused on translating breakthroughs in fundamental science to applications relevant to energy technology and national security and the advantages to economic, environmental, and national security that will entail. Dr. Mason was named a fellow of the AAAS, the IOP, the APS, and the Neutron Scattering Society of America. TALAT SHAHNAZ RAHMAN is a Pegasus Professor and Distinguished Professor of Physics at the University of Central Florida (UCF). Dr. Rahman’s research interests focus in computational design of functional nanomaterials through microscopic understanding of their physical and chemical properties. A related interest is in multiscale modeling of chemical reactions and thin film growth processes. Apart from using density functional theory (DFT)-based methods as her workhorse, her group also works on techniques that go beyond DFT. Dr. Rahman’s research is funded through grants from DOE and NSF. She is a fellow of the APS and the American Vacuum Society (AVS), and recipient of several professional awards including the Research Incentive Award from UCF, Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize, Higuchi Research Award from the University of Kansas, and the Distinguished Graduate Faculty Award, Kansas State University. She is engaged in establishing research initiatives in developing countries such as Pakistan. Dr. Rahman has published over 250 articles in high-impact journals and mentored over two dozen Ph.D. students. She has been engaged nationally and internationally in efforts to promote the participation of women and minorities (particularly through the Bridge Program of APS) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines. She is also involved in pedagogical reforms in the teaching of physics and in the recruitment and training of students for careers in teaching through the APS PhysTEC program. Dr. Rahman is chair of the APS Topical Group on Energy Research and Applications (GERA) and member, executive committee, Surface Science Division, AVS. She also serves on the executive editorial board of the Journal of Physics Condensed Matter and Progress in Surface Science. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION C-5

  ELSA REICHMANIS is the Pete Silas Chair in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Prior to joining Georgia Tech, Dr. Reichmanis was Bell Laboratories Fellow and director of the Materials Research Department, Bell Labs, Murray Hill, New Jersey. She received her Ph.D. and B.S. degrees in chemistry from Syracuse University. She is a member of the NAE and the Latvian Academy of Sciences, and has received several awards for her work. Dr. Reichmanis has also been active in professional societies; she served as 2003 president of the American Chemical Society (ACS), and has participated in many National Academies activities. Her research, at the interface of chemical engineering, chemistry, materials science, optics, and electronics, spans fundamental concept to technology development and implementation. Her interests include the chemistry, properties, and application of photonic and electronic materials technologies. Dr. Reichmanis has contributed to the development of a molecular-level understanding of how chemical structure affects materials function, leading to new families of lithographic materials and processes for advanced very-large-scale integration (VLSI) manufacturing. Currently, her research relates to active, polymer, and hybrid organic/inorganic materials chemistries and processes for plastic electronics, photovoltaics, and photonic technologies. JOHN L. SARRAO is the associate director for theory, simulation, and computation (AD-TSC) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Dr. Sarrao received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Los Angeles, based on thesis work performed at LANL. As AD-TSC, he leads the laboratory’s efforts in applying science-based prediction to existing and emerging national security missions. TSC spans LANL’s Theoretical; Computer, Computational, and Statistical Sciences; and High-Performance Computing organizations. Previously, Dr. Sarrao was the program director for the LANL Office of Science Programs, and for Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes (MaRIE), LANL’s signature facility concept that will provide transformational materials solutions for national security challenges. Dr. Sarrao has held a number of leadership positions within LANL’s materials community, including division leader of the Materials Physics and Applications Division and group leader of Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics. He has also served on a number of DOE Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) subcommittees, helping to set strategic directions for materials research. Dr. Sarrao’s primary research interest is in the synthesis and characterization of correlated electron systems, especially actinide materials. He was the 2013 winner of the DOE E.O. Lawrence Award and the 2004 winner of the LANL Fellows Prize for Research, in part for his discovery of the first plutonium superconductor. He is a fellow of the AAAS, the APS, and LANL. SUSAN B. SINNOTT is a professor and department head of materials science and engineering at Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Sinnott received her B.S. in chemistry from the University of Texas, Austin, and her Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Iowa State University. She was a National Research Council postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining the University of Florida in 2000. Dr. Sinnott’s research is focused on the use of electronic structure calculations and atomistic simulations to optimize the processing and properties of materials. Her research interests include examining the chemical modification of polymer surfaces through mass-selected ion-beam deposition, exploring the dynamics associated with the growth of thin films, developing new methodologies for the atomistic simulation of materials, using atomic-scale simulations to study the catalytic behavior of metal clusters, investigating the molecular origin of friction and wear at interfaces, and combining electronic structure and thermodynamic calculations to predict defect formation in metal oxides. Dr. Sinnott is the author of over 160 technical publications, including over 140 journal publications and eight book chapters; she has also delivered over 120 invited presentations. She is a member of the AVS, the ACerS, the ACS, the APS, the Materials Research Society (MRS), and AAAS, and was named a fellow of AVS in 2005. She was named a fellow of ACerS in 2011 and a fellow of the AAAS in 2010. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION C-6

  SUSANNE STEMMER is a professor of materials at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Dr. Stemmer received her diploma in materials science from the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen- Nürnberg (Germany). She did her doctoral work at the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research in Stuttgart (Germany) and received her doctoral degree from the University of Stuttgart in 1995. Following postdoctoral positions, she held an assistant professor appointment in materials science at Rice University from 1999 to 2002. In 2002, she joined the University of California, Santa Barbara. Dr. Stemmer’s current research interests include scanning transmission electron microscopy techniques, novel functional oxide thin films, molecular beam epitaxy, strong electron correlation phenomena, and topological materials. She has authored or co-authored more than 220 publications. Honors include election to fellow of the ACers, fellow of the APS, fellow of the MRS, fellow of the Microscopy Society of America, and a Vannevar Bush Faculty fellowship. SAMUEL I. STUPP is Board of Trustees Professor of Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, Medicine, and Biomedical Engineering at Northwestern University. At Northwestern, Dr. Stupp directs the Simpson Querrey Institute for BioNanotechnology and the Energy Frontiers Research Center for Bio- Inspired Energy Science funded by DOE. Before coming to Northwestern in 1999, Dr. Stupp spent 18 years at UIUC, where in 1996 he became Swanlund Chaired Professor of Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, and Bioengineering. Dr. Stupp obtained his first degree in chemistry from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1972, and his Ph.D. in materials science at Northwestern University in 1977. He was also assistant professor of biological materials at Northwestern from 1977 to 1980 before joining the faculty at UIUC. Dr. Stupp is a member of the NAE, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Spanish Royal Academy. He is a fellow of the APS, the Materials Research Society (MRS), and the Royal Society of Chemistry. His awards include the DOE Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Materials Chemistry, the MRS Medal Award, the ACS Award in Polymer Chemistry, the ACS Ronald Breslow Award for Achievement in Biomimetic Chemistry, the International Award from the Society of Polymer Science in Japan, and the Royal Society of Chemistry Award in Soft Matter and Biophysical Chemistry. He has received honoris causa doctorates from Eindhoven Technical University in the Netherlands, the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, and the National University of Costa Rica. TIA BENSON TOLLE is the director of Advanced Materials, BCA Product Development. Prior to joining Boeing, Dr. Tolle held several technical and leadership positions at the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, and prior to that was a crew training instructor at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. Dr. Tolle earned her B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Washington, and her M.S. and Ph.D. in materials engineering from the University of Dayton. She also holds a master’s certificate in leadership and executive development from the University of Dayton and completed the Air Force Senior Leadership Development Course and Air War College Senior Leader Course from the Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base. Dr. Tolle is a fellow of the Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering (SAMPE) and has been active in professional societies serving at several levels, including president of SAMPE, as well as president of the Materials Research Society (MRS). She is currently a member of the Condensed Matter and Materials Research Committee, a standing board of the National Academies; serves on Iowa State University’s Aerospace Engineering and University of Washington’s Materials Science and Engineering Industry Advisory Boards; and is a trustee for Edmonds Community College. Dr. Tolle is also Boeing’s executive focal for SAMPE and for the University of Washington’s Materials Science and Engineering Department, which enable her to help guide materials research and students toward future aerospace needs. MARK L. WEAVER is a professor and interim department head at the University of Alabama in the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering. Dr. Weaver has extensive experience in the characterization and development of materials for use in extreme environments. He holds Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in materials science and engineering from the University of Florida and a B.S. degree in metallurgical engineering from the University of Washington. He is an active member in several PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION C-7

  professional societies, including TMS, where he is a member of the high-temperature alloys and mechanical behavior committees. TODD YOUNKIN is the executive director of the Joint University Microelectronics Program (JUMP)—a $200 million, 5-year research initiative with support from DARPA and nine electronics companies representing both defense and commercial industries. Dr. Younkin received his Ph.D. in organometallic and polymer chemistry from the California Institute of Technology in 2001. His technical contributions have been in the areas of novel materials, integration, advanced lithography, and integrated photonics. With 16 years of research and development (R&D) experience spanning Intel’s 0.18 µm-5 nm technology nodes, Dr. Younkin has held technical leadership roles in novel materials, integration, advanced lithography, and integrated photonics that have contributed to Intel’s logic, memory, and networking products. Dr. Younkin has always looked to maximize the industrial relevance and impact of fundamental academic research. He spent 3 years (2010-2013) at IMEC to ensure that both extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) and directed self-assembly (DSA) would graduate from “precompetitive, research” efforts into clearly defined internal development programs. More recently, Dr. Younkin has championed faster materials innovation following President Barack Obama’s Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) by serving as a scientific advisor during the onset of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)-sponsored Center for Hierarchical Materials Design. In late 2015, he undertook an Intel Labs external assignment to the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) to serve as the program manager for STARnet. STARnet is an approximately $40 million/year research effort focused on delivering novel beyond-complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) hardware and architecture solutions. During that time frame, Dr. Younkin defined and created JUMP, a research program with DARPA, the defense industry, and commercial microelectronics sponsors. He is now the executive director of JUMP, a $200 million, 5-year research initiative. It will challenge and change the research paradigm to focus on heterogeneous electronic solutions for end-to-end sensing, signal and information processing, communication, computing, and storage to yield a smarter, autonomous future based on ubiquitous computing. Materials are a critical part of that future. STEVEN J. ZINKLE is currently Governor’s Chair Professor for Nuclear Materials at the University of Tennessee. Since 1985, Dr. Zinkle has held a series of research staff and management positions at ORNL. Dr. Zinkle received a B.S. degree in nuclear engineering, M.S. degrees in materials science and nuclear engineering, and a Ph.D. in nuclear engineering from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Much of his research has utilized materials science to explore fundamental physical phenomena that are important for advanced nuclear energy applications. His research interests include deformation and fracture mechanisms in structural materials and investigation of radiation effects in ceramics, fuel systems, and metallic alloys for fusion and fission energy. Dr. Zinkle is a former recipient of the Robert Cahn Award and is a member of the NAE. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION C-8

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Modern materials science builds on knowledge from physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computer and data science, and engineering sciences to enable us to understand, control, and expand the material world. Although it is anchored in inquiry-based fundamental science, materials research is strongly focused on discovering and producing reliable and economically viable materials, from super alloys to polymer composites, that are used in a vast array of products essential to today’s societies and economies.

Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey is aimed at documenting the status and promising future directions of materials research in the United States in the context of similar efforts worldwide. This third decadal survey in materials research reviews the progress and achievements in materials research and changes in the materials research landscape over the last decade; research opportunities for investment for the period 2020-2030; impacts that materials research has had and is expected to have on emerging technologies, national needs, and science; and challenges the enterprise may face over the next decade.

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