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Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey (2019)

Chapter: Appendix D: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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D

Acronyms

1D one dimensional
2D two dimensional
3D three dimensional
4D four dimensional
ABINIT a computational software package
AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory
AHE anomalous Hall effect
ALD atomic layer deposition
AM additive manufacturing
AMTIR a “glass-like” amorphous material that is able to transmit in the
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
appm atomics parts per million
APS-U Advanced Photon Source Upgrade
APT atom probe tomography
ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency
ARPES angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
BCS Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory (named after John Bardeen, Leon Cooper, and John Robert Schrieffer)
BES Basic Energy Sciences (in DOE Office of Science)
BESAC Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee
BMW Bayerische Motoren Werke
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
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BSRF Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility
CAD computer-aided design
CALPHAD Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry
CARR China Advanced Research Reactor
CAS Chinese Academy of Science
CASTEP Cambridge Serial Total Energy Package (a DFT software package)
CEA French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research
CFM CFM International
CFRP carbon-fiber reinforced polymer
CFRP controlled free-radical polymerization
cGLP Current Good Laboratory Practice
cGMP Current Good Manufacturing Practice
CIF Crystallographic Information File
CIGS copper-indium-gallium-selenide
CLP controlled, living polymerization
CMC ceramic-matrix composite
CMI Critical Materials Institute
CMOS complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
CNY China Renminbi
cQED circuit quantum electrodynamics
CRL Collaborative Research Laboratory
CSNS China Spallation Neutron Source
CSTI Council for Science, Technology, and Innovation
CVD chemical vapor deposition
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DESY Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron
DFT density functional theory
DMC Diffusion Monte Carlo
DMFT dynamical mean field theory
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DoD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOI Department of Interior
DREAM software package for 3D data
DSA directed self-assembly
DSM Dirac semimetal
DURIP Defense University Research Instrumentation Program
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
EBC environmental barrier coating
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ESF European Science Foundation
ESS European Spallation Source
EuMaT European Platform for Advanced Engineering Materials and Technologies
EUV extreme ultraviolet
EUVL extreme ultraviolet lithography
FA formamidinium, a common component in some perovskites
FAIR findable, accessible, interoperable, and reproducible
FCC face-centered cubic crystal structure
FET field-effect transistor
FIB focused ion beam
FS Fermi surface
GBRI government-backed research institute
GDP gross domestic product
GHG greenhouse gas
GRI Global Reporting Initiative
HEA high-entropy alloy
HFIR High Flux Isotope Reactor
HPC high-performance computing/computer
HTS high-temperature superconductivity/superconductor
HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
IARPA Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity
IBM International Business Machines Corporation
IBS Institute for Basic Science
ICME Integrated Computational Materials Engineering
ICME International Council on Metals and the Environment
ICMSE International Conference on Manufacturing Systems Engineering
ICT information and communications technology
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IMPACT Impulsing Paradigm Change Through Disruptive Technologies Program
IoT Internet of Things
IP intellectual property
IPO initial public offering
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
ISI Institute of Scientific Information
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISS International Space Station
JUMP Joint University Microelectronics Program
KBSI Korean Basic Science Institute
KIMS Korean Institute of Materials Science
KIST Korean Institute of Science and Technology
LBL layer by layer
LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
LCA life cycle analysis
LCD liquid crystal display
LCLS Linac Coherent Light Source
LEAP leading-edge aviation propulsion
LED light-emitting diode
LEGO line of plastic construction toys manufactured by The Lego Group (the name LEGO is an abbreviation of the two Danish words leg godt, meaning “play well”)
LLZO lithium lanthanum zirconium oxide
MA methylammonium (a common component in some perovskites)
MatSEEC Materials Science and Engineering Expert Committee
MAX IV next-generation synchrotron radiation facility in Lund, Sweden
MBE molecular beam epitaxy
MDI Materials Data Infrastructure
MEA medium entropy alloys
MEMS microelectromechanical system
METI Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry
MEXT Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology
MGI Materials Genome Initiative
MOF metal organic framework
MPEA multiprincipal element alloy
MR materials research
MRAM magnetic random-access memory
MRI Major Research Instrumentation
NAND negative-AND gate
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
NCFET negative capacitance field-effect transistor
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIPA N-isopropylacrylamide
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NMOS n-channel metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor
NNI National Nanotechnology Initiative
NNSA National Nuclear Security Administration
NOR Boolean operator that gives the value one if and only if all operands have a value of zero and otherwise has a value of zero
NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory
NRI Nanoelectronics Research Initiative
NSF National Science Foundation
NSRC Nanoscale Science Research Centers
NSRL National Software Reference Library
NV nitrogen vacancy
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OIL open innovation laboratory
OLED organic light-emitting diode
ONR Office of Naval Research
PCA principle component analysis
PCRAM phase-change random-access memory
PDMS polydimethylsiloxane
PI principal investigator
PMOS p-channel metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor
PV photovoltaic
QIS quantum information science
QMC Quantum Monte Carlo
R&D research and development
RAM random-access memory
RC resistive-capacitive
RF radio frequency
RNA ribonucleic acid
SEM scanning electron microscopy
SESAME Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East
SIP Strategic Innovation Promotion Program
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
SME small and medium-size enterprise
SNS Spallation Neutron Source
SOC spin-orbit coupling
SPM scanning probe microscopy
SRC Semiconductor Research Corporation
SSRF Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility
STEM scanning transmission electron microscope
STI science, technology, and innovation
STM scanning tunneling microscope
STT spin-transfer torque
TBC thermal barrier coating
TDDFT time-dependent density functional theory
TEKES business, Finland
TEM transmission electron microscope/microscopy
TI topological insulator
TMD transition metal dichalcogenide
TPS thermal protection system
TRL technology readiness level
TSC theory, simulation, and computation
USAF U.S. Air Force
VASP Vienna Ab Initio Simulation Package
VLSI very-large-scale integration
WSM Weyl semimetal
YIG yttrium-iron-garnet
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
Page 267
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
Page 268
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
Page 269
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
Page 270
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
Page 271
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25244.
×
Page 272
Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey Get This Book
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Modern materials science builds on knowledge from physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computer and data science, and engineering sciences to enable us to understand, control, and expand the material world. Although it is anchored in inquiry-based fundamental science, materials research is strongly focused on discovering and producing reliable and economically viable materials, from super alloys to polymer composites, that are used in a vast array of products essential to today’s societies and economies.

Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey is aimed at documenting the status and promising future directions of materials research in the United States in the context of similar efforts worldwide. This third decadal survey in materials research reviews the progress and achievements in materials research and changes in the materials research landscape over the last decade; research opportunities for investment for the period 2020-2030; impacts that materials research has had and is expected to have on emerging technologies, national needs, and science; and challenges the enterprise may face over the next decade.

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