National Academies Press: OpenBook

Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analysis (2018)

Chapter: Summary

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Suggested Citation:"Summary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analysis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25255.
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Suggested Citation:"Summary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analysis. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25255.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

1 This guidebook was developed to provide a framework for transportation agencies to take the steps needed to advance toward implementing a risk-based, systemic pedestrian safety management process to reduce pedestrian crashes. The guidebook aims to • Provide a rationale and motivation for taking a systemic approach; • Clarify key terms and definitions; • Describe the data needs for a systemic process and offer guidance on how agencies can acquire necessary data; • Offer guidance for conducting a systemic analysis, as well as provide alternative methods and troubleshooting; and • Highlight real-world examples that can provide motivation and models for systemic approaches. The guidebook was developed as part of the National Cooperative Highway Research Program Project 17-73, “Conducting Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analyses.” The Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analysis: Technical Report (referred to as the technical report) comple- ments the guidebook and offers more details on the research methods and evidence base. The technical report also provides an example of a systemic safety analysis for users who may seek more in-depth information on the analysis process. Intended Audience The guidebook is intended to serve state departments of transportation (DOTs) person- nel and contractors, including managers and staff in highway safety improvement programs, pedestrian and bicycle programs, and safety data management programs. Its guidance is also applicable for local and regional transportation agencies that may be working independently or in coordination with state DOT staff on safety improvement efforts. The introductory chapter is intended for higher-level decision makers and elected officials. Guidebook Contents The guidebook is divided into 13 chapters, along with References and an appendix. • Chapter 1 provides a high-level overview of the motivation for a systemic pedestrian safety process, clarifies key terms, and describes the seven steps in the process, as laid out in this guidebook. • Chapters 2 through 8 provide more detailed guidance on each step in the process, as well as examples and alternative methods. • Chapters 9 through 12 present four real-world examples of systemic pedestrian safety processes used by state and local DOTs. S U M M A R Y Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analysis

2 Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analysis • Chapter 13 discusses the conclusion and offers additional considerations and limitations. • References • The appendix describes 12 key countermeasures (referenced elsewhere in the guidebook) that may be implemented to treat risks identified in a systemic pedestrian safety analysis. Guidebook Features Throughout the guidebook, look for callout boxes designed to bring attention to key definitions, considerations, and noteworthy practices. Icons highlight these callout boxes. There are four icons or symbols used. There are also callout boxes with key takeaways in each of the case example chapters. Definition Concise definition of a key term; may also be found in the glossary. Looking Ahead Different steps in the systemic process build on and relate to other steps. These callout boxes flag decision points that may have implications for other steps in the process. Noteworthy Practice Highlights of real-world practices, many of which are also included in the chapters on case examples. Troubleshooting Advice for addressing challenges that may arise during a systemic process.

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TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Research Report 893: Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analysis provides a safety analysis method that can be used to proactively identify sites for potential safety improvements based on specific risk factors for pedestrians. A systemic approach, as opposed to a “hot-spot” approach, enables transportation agencies to identify, prioritize, and select appropriate countermeasures for locations with a high risk of pedestrian-related crashes, even when crash occurrence data are sparse. The guidebook also provides important insights for the improvement of data collection and data management to better support systemic safety analyses.

The Contractor's Final Technical Report and a PowerPoint presentation summarizing the project accompany the report.

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