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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25259.
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Page 281
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25259.
×
Page 282
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25259.
×
Page 283
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25259.
×
Page 284

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Acronyms and Abbreviations A&E architecture and engineering ACR American Carbon Registry ADM Archer Daniels Midland AFRI Agriculture and Food Research Initiative APS American Physical Society ARPA-E Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy ARS Agricultural Research Service ASU air separation unit BECCS Bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration BLM Bureau of Land Management CAR Climate Action Reserve cBECCS combustion-based BECCS C-CAP Coastal Change Analysis Program CCS Carbon Capture and Sequestration CCUS Carbon capture, utilization and storage CKD cement kiln dust CMS Carbon Monitoring System CRP Conservation Reserve Program CSP Conservation Stewardship Program CWPPRA Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act DEB Division of Environmental Biology DOE Department of Energy DOI Department of the Interior ENSO El Niño–Southern Oscillation EOR enhanced oil recovery EPA Environmental Protection Agency EPRI Electric Power Research Institute EQIP Environmental Quality Incentives Program FA and coal fly ash FE Fossil energy FIA Forest Inventory and Analysis GeoPRISMS Geodynamic Processes at Rifting and Subducting Margins GHG Greenhouse Gas GRI Gas Research Institute HWP Harvested Wood Products PREPUBLICATION COPY 281

282 Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda IAM Integrated assessment model IAMs Integrated Assessment Models IL-ICCS Illinois Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage INDCs intended nationally determined contributions IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change LCA life cycle assessment LTER Long-Term Ecological Research MHHW Mean Higher High Water MLW Mean Low Water MSL Mean sea level NBBF natural and nature-based features NEON National Ecological Observatory Network NEP Net Ecosystem Productivity NERRA National Estuarine Research Reserve Association NET negative emissions technology NETL National Energy Technology Laboratory NFIP National Flood Insurance Program NGO Non-governmental organization NIFA National Institute of Food and Agriculture NPP net primary production NRCS Natural Resources Conservation Service NRI National Resource Inventory NT no-till OC Organic carbon OTM and ITM Ocean and Inland Testing Manuals PAF perturbation atmospheric fraction pBECCS pyrolysis-based BECCS ppm parts per million ppmv parts per million by volume R&D Research and Development RCN Research Coordination Networks REDD+ Reduced Deforestation and Forest Degradation Plus ROOTS Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration SCS Soil Carbon Sequestration SE standard error SLR sea level rise SOCCR-2 Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report SOM soil organic matter PREPUBLICATION COPY

Acronyms and Abbreviations 283 SubTER Subsurface Technology and Engineering Research, Development, & Demonstration TSA temperature swing adsorption UNEP United Nations Environment Programme UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change USACE US Army Corps of Engineers USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USFS US Forest Service USGS US Geological Survey VCS Verified Carbon Standard VSA vacuum swing adsorption PREPUBLICATION COPY

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To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, “negative emissions technologies” (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change. Unlike carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide emissions directly from large point sources such as coal power plants, NETs remove carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere or enhance natural carbon sinks. Storing the carbon dioxide from NETs has the same impact on the atmosphere and climate as simultaneously preventing an equal amount of carbon dioxide from being emitted. Recent analyses found that deploying NETs may be less expensive and less disruptive than reducing some emissions, such as a substantial portion of agricultural and land-use emissions and some transportation emissions.

In 2015, the National Academies published Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration, which described and initially assessed NETs and sequestration technologies. This report acknowledged the relative paucity of research on NETs and recommended development of a research agenda that covers all aspects of NETs from fundamental science to full-scale deployment. To address this need, Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda assesses the benefits, risks, and “sustainable scale potential” for NETs and sequestration. This report also defines the essential components of a research and development program, including its estimated costs and potential impact.

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