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APPENDIX A Committee Bios Stephen Pacala (Chair), Princeton University Dr. Stephen Pacala is Frederick D. Petrie Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University. Currently, he co-directs Princetonâs Carbon Mitigation Initia- tive, which is a collaboration between Princeton University and British Petroleum to find solutions to the problem of global warming. Dr. Pacala previously acted as the director of the Princeton Environmental Institute. His research covers a wide variety of ecological and mathematical topics with an emphasis on interactions between green- house gases, climate, and the biosphere. Dr. Pacala earned an undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College in 1978 and a Ph.D. in biology from Stanford University in 1982. He serves on the board of the Environmental Defense Fund. Among his many honors are the David Starr Jordan Prize and the George Mercer Award of the Ecologi- cal Society of America. Dr. Pacala is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences. Mahdi Al-Kaisi, Iowa State University Dr. Mahdi Al-Kaisi is a professor of soil physics in the Department of Agronomy at Iowa State University. Dr. Al-Kaisi received his M.S. and Ph.D. in soil physics from North Dakota State University in 1982 and 1986, respectively. Dr. Al-Kaisi has been on the faculty at Iowa State University since 2000, where his research focuses on the effects of cropping and tillage systems, crop residue management, cover crops, and nitrogen application on soil carbon dynamics and sequestration, greenhouse gas emissions, and other ecosystem services. In addition, he studies the interaction effects of agricul- tural practices and environmental factors, such as weather variability and landscape spatial variability on soil organic carbon sequestration and systems sustainability and productivity. The focus of his research is to develop sustainable management prac- tices that improve soil health, productivity, and environmental services. As a result of his research, he has developed field calculators to assess soil management practices impacts, such as tillage systems, crop residue, and crop rotation effects on soil sustain- ability. In addition, he developed a soil carbon index for soils in Iowa. 457
APPENDIX A Mark A. Barteau, Texas A&M University Dr. Mark A. Barteau is vice president for research at Texas A&M University. He holds academic appointments at Texas A&M in the Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, and the Department of Chemistry, College of Science. He pre- viously served at the University of Michigan as director of the Energy Institute and the inaugural DTE Energy Professor of Advanced Energy Research, and, prior to joining the University of Michigan, as the senior vice provost for research and strategic initiatives at the University of Delaware. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2006. Dr. Barteau brings extensive experience as a researcher, inventor, academic leader, and consultant for both U.S. and international organizations. His research fo- cuses on chemical reactions at solid surfaces and their applications in heterogeneous catalysis and energy processes. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and NASA. Dr. Barteau received his Ph.D. and masterâs degrees in chemical engineering from Stanford University in 1981 and 1977, respectively. Erica Belmont, University of Wyoming Dr. Erica Belmont is currently serving as an assistant professor of mechanical engi- neering in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Wyo- ming. Dr. Belmont is also the principal investigator of the Belmont Energy Research Group. She received her B.S. in chemical engineering and M.S. in mechanical engi- neering from Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts, and her Ph.D. in mechani- cal engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. Her research interests are in combustion, solid fuels (coal, biomass), alternative fuels, renewable energy, and experimentation. Sally M. Benson, Stanford University Dr. Sally M. Benson joined Stanford University as a professor in 2007. She holds three appointments at Stanford: professor of energy resources engineering in the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences; co-director of the Precourt Institute for Energy, the campus-wide hub of energy research and education; and director of the Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP). Dr. Benson received a B.S. in geol- ogy from Barnard College at Columbia University in 1977, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in Â aterials science and mineral engineering from the University of California, Berkeley m in 1988. An internationally recognized scientist, Dr. Benson is responsible for fostering cross-Â ampus collaborations on energy and guiding the growth and development c of a Â iverse research portfolio. Prior to joining Stanford, Dr. Benson was at Lawrence d 458
Appendix A Berkeley National Laboratory. Dr. Benson is a groundwater hydrologist and reservoir engineer and is regarded as a leading authority on carbon capture and storage, and emerging energy technologies. In 2012, she served as a convening lead author of the Global Energy Assessment, a multinational project coordinated by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Richard Birdsey, Woods Hole Research Center Dr. Richard Birdsey is a specialist in quantitative methods for large-scale forest in- ventories and has pioneered development of methods to estimate national carbon budgets for forestlands from forest inventory data. Dr. Birdsey is currently serving as a senior scientist at the Woods Hole Research Center after recently retiring from the U.S. Forest Service as a âDistinguished Scientistâ and was the program manager for global change research in the Northern Research Station. Dr. Birdsey was a lead author of two special reports for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He was a lead author of the first North American âState of the Carbon Cycleâ report and is cur- rently a member of the science team guiding the second report. He has contributed to several assessments of climate change in the United States. He served 3 years as chair of the U.S. Government Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group. He has published extensively on forest management and strategies to increase carbon sequestration and facilitated the development of decision-support tools for policy and manage- ment. He was recognized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as a major contributor to creating a new agricultural commodityâcarbon. Dr. Birdsey is a member of a team of scientists developing and implementing the North American Carbon Program, an international effort to improve quantification and understand causes of carbon exchange between land, atmosphere, and oceans. In recent years he has been actively working with Mexico and Canada to improve monitoring, verification, and reporting to support climate change mitigation with an emphasis on Reducing Deforestation and Forest Degradation and promoting sustainable forest management (REDD+) and improving forest management in the three countries. He is currently working with the U.S. Forest Service National Forest System to implement carbon assessments for all of the U.S. National Forests. Dane Boysen, Modular Chemical, Inc. Dr. Dane Boysen is CEO of Modular Chemical, Inc. Previously, he was chief technolo- gist for Cyclotron Road, a lab-embedded mentorship program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory funded by the Advanced Manufacturing Office at the U.S. De- partment of Energy. Prior to Cyclotron Road, Dr. Boysen was the executive director of 459
APPENDIX A research operations at the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). Before GTI, he served as a program director at the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), where he managed more than $100 million over 30 of the nationâs most cutting-edge energy technology research and development projects. Prior to joining ARPA-E, Dr. Boysen led an $11 million project to develop liquid metal batteries for grid-scale energy stor- age under Professor Don Sadoway at MIT. Dr. Boysen co-founded Superprotonic Inc., a venture capitalâbacked start-up developing solid acid electrolyte-based fuel cells. Dr. Boysen received his M.S. and Ph.D. in materials science at the California Institute of Technology in 1999 and 2001, respectively. Dr. Boysenâs research experience includes developing and commercializing hard energy technology. Riley Duren, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Mr. Riley Duren is chief systems engineer for the Earth Science and Technology Di- rectorate at NASAâs Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). He received his B.S. in electrical engineering from Auburn University in 1992. He has worked at the intersection of engineering and science including seven space missions ranging from earth science to astrophysics. His current portfolio spans JPLâs earth system science enterprise as well as applying the discipline of systems engineering to climate change decision- support. His research includes anthropogenic carbon emissions and working with diverse stakeholders to develop policy-relevant monitoring systems. He is principal investigator for five projects involving anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) and meth- ane emissions. He has also co-led studies on geoengineering research, monitoring, and risk assessment. He is a visiting researcher at University of California, Los Angelesâs Joint Institute for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering and serves on the Advisory Board for New York Universityâs Center for Urban Science and Progress. Charles Hopkinson, University of Georgia Dr. Charles Hopkinson is a professor of marine sciences at the University of Georgia. Dr. Hopkinson earned both his Ph.D. and M.S. in marine science from Louisiana State University in 1979 and 1973, respectively. Dr. Hopkinson served as a chairman of the Radiation Safety Committee of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Mas- sachusetts, from 1993 to 2008. Dr. Hopkinson is currently a member of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography and the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation. Dr. Hopkinsonâs current research interests are in the biogeochemistry of watersheds, wetlands, estuaries, and continental shelves as well as climate change and land/sea coupling. 460
Appendix A Christopher Jones, Georgia Institute of Technology Dr. Christopher Jones is a Love Family Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engi- neering in the School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Georgia Tech. Dr. Jones earned his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in chemical engineering at the California Insti- tute of Technology in 1997 and 1999, respectively. Dr. Jones was named the associate vice president for research at Georgia Tech in November 2013. In this role, he directs 50 percent of his time on campus-wide research administration, managing internally funded research programs in coordination with the colleges and with a primary focus on interdisciplinary research efforts and policy related to research institutes, centers, and research core facilities. Dr. Jones directs a research program focused primarily on catalysis and CO2 separation, sequestration and utilization. Peter Kelemen, Columbia University Dr. Peter Kelemen is Arthur D. Storke Professor and Chair of the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University. Dr. Kelemen received his Ph.D. and M.S. from the University of Washington in 1987 and 1985, respectively. Dr. Â elemen is K a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He is a fellow of the American Geo- physical Union, the Geochemical Society and European Association of Geochemistry, and the Mineralogical Society of America. He is a research associate at the American Museum of Natural History, and an adjunct scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, where he was a senior scientist and Charles Francis Adams Chair until 2004. He has worked on the genesis and evolution of oceanic and continental crust, chemical cycles in subduction zones, and new mechanisms for earthquake initiation. His primary focus is on geologic capture and storage of CO2 (CCS) and reaction-driven cracking pro- cesses in natural and engineered settings, with application to CCS, geothermal power generation, hydrocarbon extraction, and in situ mining, and most recently included CO2 capture and storage and mineral carbonation and hydration. Annie Levasseur, Ãcole de Technologie SupÃ©rieure Dr. Annie Levasseur is a professor in the Department of Construction Engineering at Ãcole de Technologie SupÃ©rieure. Dr. Levasseur received her Ph.D. in chemical engi- neering from Polytechnique MontrÃ©al in 2011 and is currently the chair of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) Global GuidanceâGlobal Warming Task Force, a group of international climate and life cycle assessment (LCA) researchers working to develop guidelines for the use of climate metrics in LCA. 461
APPENDIX A Keith Paustian, Colorado State University Dr. Keith Paustian is professor in the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences and senior research scientist at the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory at Colorado State Uni- versity. Dr. Paustian received his M.S. in forest ecology from Colorado State University in 1980 and his Ph.D. in systems ecology and agroecology from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in 1987. Dr. Paustian served as a coordinating lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Greenhouse Gas Inventory Taskforce and has served on numerous other national and international committees involving climate and carbon cycle research. He has previously co-chaired a Task Force on âClimate Change and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation: Challenges and Opportunities for Agricultureâ by the Council on Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST), and was lead author on a Pew Center report on âAgricultureâs Role in Greenhouse Gas Mitiga- tion.â Dr. Paustianâs research interests include soil organic matter dynamics, carbon and nitrogen cycling in cropland and grassland ecosystems, and the evaluation of environ- mental impacts of agricultural bioenergy production. Jianwu (Jim) Tang, Marine Biological Laboratory Dr. Jianwu (Jim) Tang is an associate scientist in The Ecosystems Center of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Dr. Tang received his Ph.D. in ecosystem sciences from the University of California, Berkeley, in 2003. Following his degree program, Dr. Tang was a research associate at the University of Minnesota focusing on forest carbon cycles. Dr. Tang is currently serving on the Steering Commit- tee for the Global Science and Data Network for Coastal Blue Carbon, funded by the Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group (CCIWG), and is a member of the American Geophysical Union and Ecological Society of America. Dr. Tang is currently researching greenhouse gas (CO2, CH4, and N2O) emissions from agro-ecosystems and wetlands and their responses to management and disturbance. The wetland work evaluates the role of âblue carbonâ in coastal wetlands and the significance of wetland restoration in carbon sequestration. Tiffany Troxler, Florida International University Dr. Tiffany Troxler is the director and associate director for Science of the Sea Level Solutions Center. The Centerâs work is to advance knowledge, decision making, and actions toward mitigating the causes and adapting to the effects of sea-level rise. She is also research associate professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Florida International University in Miami, Florida. Some of her projects include collabora- tive research that examines the effects of saltwater inundation on Everglades coastal 462
Appendix A wetlands, assesses management actions associated with Everglades restoration, and advances interdisciplinary urban solutions to sea-level rise. She is also collaborat- ing on the Florida Coastal Everglades Long-Term Ecological Research program. She is co-editor and contributing author on two IPCC methodological reports that guide national greenhouse gas inventories on managed wetlands. Dr. Troxler received her masterâs and Ph.D. in biological sciences from Florida International University in 2001 and 2005, respectively. Michael Wara, Stanford University Dr. Michael Wara is an associate professor of law at Stanford University. Dr. Wara received his J.D. from Stanford Law School and his Ph.D. in ocean sciences from University of California, Santa Cruz. An expert on energy and environmental law, Dr. Waraâs research focuses on climate and electricity policy. His current scholarship lies at the intersection between environmental law, energy law, international relations, atmospheric science, and technology policy. Dr. Wara joined Stanford Law in 2007 as a research fellow in environmental law and as a lecturer in law. Previously, he was an as- sociate in Holland & Knightâs Government Practice Group, where his practice focused on climate change, land use, and environmental law. Dr. Wara is a research fellow at the Program in Energy and Sustainable Development in Stanfordâs Freeman Spogli In- stitute for International Studies, a faculty fellow at the Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance, and a center fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment. Jennifer Wilcox, Worcester Polytechnic Institute Dr. Jennifer Wilcox is the H. Manning Professor of Chemical Engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Dr. Wilcox earned a B.A. in mathematics from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Arizona. Dr. Wilcox received an Army Research Office (ARO) Young Investigator Award (Membrane Design for Optimal Hydrogen Separation), an American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund (ACS PRF) Young Investigator Award (Heterogeneous Kinetics of Mercury in Combustion Flue Gas), and a National Science Foundation CAREER Award (Arsenic and Selenium Speciation in Combustion Flue Gas). She has served on several committees, including for the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the American Physical Society, to assess CO2 capture methods and impacts on climate. Along with her lab, Dr. Wilcoxâs research interests combine experimental and theo- retical methods to investigate capture and sequestration of trace metals (mercury, arsenic, and selenium) and CO2. 463