Culture of Convergence
PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP
Amanda Arnold and Katherine Bowman, Rapporteurs
Division on Earth and Life Studies
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This activity was supported by a grant from The Kavli Foundation and by the National Academy of Sciences’ Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fund. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.
International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-48495-4
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-48495-2
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25271
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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fostering the Culture of Convergence in Research: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25271.
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ADVISORY GROUP ON CONVERGENCE
MARCIA McNUTT, Ph.D., National Academy of Sciences
C. D. (DAN) MOTE, JR., Ph.D., National Academy of Engineering
VICTOR J. DZAU, M.D., National Academy of Medicine
FRANCES H. ARNOLD, Ph.D., California Institute of Technology
PETER BREWER, Ph.D., Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
STEVEN CHU, Ph.D., Stanford University
DONALD E. INGBER, M.D., Ph.D., Harvard University
CATO T. LAURENCIN, M.D., Ph.D., University of Connecticut
PETER LEE, Ph.D., Microsoft Research
GENE E. ROBINSON, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
DANIEL STOKOLS, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine
MICHAEL S. WITHERELL, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley
KATHERINE BOWMAN, Senior Program Officer, Board on Life Sciences
AMANDA ARNOLD, Consultant and Head, National Research Policy, Arizona State University
JEFFREY FISHMAN, Senior Program Assistant (Temporary), Board on Life Sciences (until November 2018)
KOSSANA YOUNG, Senior Program Assistant, Board on Life Sciences (from November 2018)
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This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.
We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:
Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by ANN ARVIN, Stanford University. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with stan-
dards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.
Boxes, Figure, and Tables
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