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AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CENTER FOR NEUTRON RESEARCH AT THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY FISCAL YEAR 2018 Panel on Review of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology Committee on NIST Technical Programs Laboratory Assessments Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences A Consensus Study Report of
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by Contract No. SB134117CQ0017/18107 with the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-48550-0 International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-48550-9 Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25282 Copies of this publication are available from Laboratory Assessments Board National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 500 Fifth Street, NW #928 Washington, DC 20001 This publication is available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2018 by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested Citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. An Assessment of the Center for Neutron Research at the National Institute of Standards and Technology: Fiscal Year 2018. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25282.
The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.
Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the studyâs statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committeeâs deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.
PANEL ON REVIEW OF THE CENTER FOR NEUTRON RESEARCH AT THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY TOM C. LUBENSKY, NAS,1 University of Pennsylvania, Chair SIMON J. L. BILLINGE, Columbia University and Brookhaven National Laboratory SUSAN N. COPPERSMITH, NAS, University of Wisconsin-Madison AARON P. R. EBERLE, ExxonMobil Chemical Company PAUL A. FLEURY, NAS/NAE,2 Yale University DALE E. KLEIN, University of Texas, Austin TONYA L. KUHL, University of California, Davis PETER B. MOORE, NAS, Yale University THOMAS P, RUSSELL, NAE, University of Massachusetts, Amherst Staff AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant LIZA HAMILTON, Associate Program Officer EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator JAMES P. MCGEE, Director MARTIN OFFUTT, Senior Program Officer 1 Member, National Academy of Sciences. 2 Member, National Academy of Engineering. v
COMMITTEE ON NIST TECHNICAL PROGRAMS ELSA REICHMANIS, NAE, Georgia Institute of Technology, Chair MICHAEL I. BASKES, NAE, Mississippi State University LEWIS BRANSCOMB, NAS/NAE/NAM,3 University of California, San Diego MARTIN E. GLICKSMAN, NAE, Florida Institute of Technology JENNIE S. HWANG, NAE, H-Technologies Group CHRISTOPHER W. MACOSKO, NAE, University of Minnesota C. KUMAR PATEL, NAS/NAE, Pranalytica, Inc. BHAKTA B. RATH, NAE, Naval Research Laboratory ALICE WHITE, Boston University Staff AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant LIZA HAMILTON, Associate Program Officer EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator JAMES P. MCGEE, Director MARTIN OFFUTT, Senior Program Officer 3 Member, National Academy of Medicine. vi
LABORATORY ASSESSMENTS BOARD ROSS B. COROTIS, NAE, University of Colorado, Boulder, Chair WESLEY L. HARRIS, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology JENNIE S. HWANG, NAE, H-Technologies Group W. CARL LINEBERGER, NAS, University of Colorado, Boulder C. KUMAR N. PATEL, NAS/NAE, Pranalytica, Inc. ELSA REICHMANIS, NAE, Georgia Institute of Technology LYLE H. SCHWARTZ, NAE, U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (retired) Staff AZEB GETACHEW, Senior Program Assistant LIZA HAMILTON, Associate Program Officer EVA LABRE, Administrative Coordinator JAMES P. MCGEE, Director ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer MARTIN OFFUTT, Senior Program Officer vii
Acknowledgment of Reviewers This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Stuart Cooper, NAE, Ohio State University, Alan Hurd, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Peter Green, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Christopher Gould, North Carolina State University, and Stephen H. White, University of California, Irvine. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Michael Ladisch, NAE, Purdue University. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies. ix
Contents SUMMARY 1 1 INTRODUCTION 4 2 ADEQUACY OF FACILITIES, EQUIPMENT, AND HUMAN RESOURCES 6 3 ADEQUACY OF FACILITIES, EQUIPMENT, AND HUMAN RESOURCES: 12 INSTRUMENTATION ADVANCES AT THE NCNR 4 ASSESSMENT OF TECHNICAL PROGRAMS: SCIENTIFIC AREAS 16 INVESTIGATED AT THE NCNR 5 PORTFOLIO OF SCIENTIFIC EXPERTISE 22 6 DISSEMINATION OF OUTPUTS 26 7 KEY FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 28 ACRONYMS 31 xi