National Academies Press: OpenBook

Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium (2019)

Chapter: The Role of Engineering in the Face of Conflict and Disaster - Francesca D'Arcangelo and Mira Olson

« Previous: THE ROLE OF ENGINEERING IN THE FACE OF CONFLICT AND DISASTER
Suggested Citation:"The Role of Engineering in the Face of Conflict and Disaster - Francesca D'Arcangelo and Mira Olson." National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25333.
×

The Role of Engineering in the Face of Conflict and Disaster

FRANCESCA D’ARCANGELO
MIT Lincoln Laboratory

MIRA OLSON
Drexel University

Significant humanitarian crises are increasingly prevalent around the world—natural disasters, refugee crises, and drought and famine make headlines on a routine basis. With increased effects from global warming and ongoing conflict around the world, incidents like these will affect the lives of billions of people and continue to present engineering challenges both at home and abroad.

Humanitarian crises present numerous opportunities for the use of life-saving and community-restoring technologies, from digital, mapping, and networking technologies to technologies for the delivery of basic human services. But technology providers must overcome critical challenges to ensure that their solution is beneficial for the affected population. Technologies in these environments must deliver benefits with timely results, be easy to use, adapt to existing structures and communities, often be of low cost and compact form factor, and perhaps most importantly be responsive to the needs of the community. It is essential that engineers understand not only how technology may be used for good but also how it may contribute to conflict. These hurdles can be daunting, particularly for state-of-the-art concepts and startup companies. In addition, for crisis responders, choosing the correct technologies in a fast-paced and complex situation can be a significant challenge.

Speakers in this session addressed the role of the engineer in technology implementation in crisis and postconflict environments and described some technologies being explored for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. Julia Moline (FEMA) opened the session by explaining the role of technology from the federal perspective, with a focus on recent hurricanes Harvey and Maria.1 Darshan

___________________

1 Paper not included in this volume.

Suggested Citation:"The Role of Engineering in the Face of Conflict and Disaster - Francesca D'Arcangelo and Mira Olson." National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25333.
×

Karwat (Arizona State University) examined the role of the engineer in society and particularly in the advancement of peace and social justice. Willow Brugh (Truss) walked through a strategic game design workshop to bridge communication and organizational differences between formal and informal crisis responders. In the final talk, Marissa Jablonski surveyed the USAID approach to development engineering and disaster relief. During the discussions ideas for novel solutions were welcomed for this challenging space, as well as questions about how the role of technology should evolve in today’s crises and conflicts.

Suggested Citation:"The Role of Engineering in the Face of Conflict and Disaster - Francesca D'Arcangelo and Mira Olson." National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25333.
×
Page 27
Suggested Citation:"The Role of Engineering in the Face of Conflict and Disaster - Francesca D'Arcangelo and Mira Olson." National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25333.
×
Page 28
Next: Engineering for the People: Putting Peace, Social Justice, and Environmental Protection at the Heart of All Engineering - Darshan Mukesh Arvinda Karwat »
Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $45.00 Buy Ebook | $36.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

This volume presents papers on the topics covered at the National Academy of Engineering's 2018 US Frontiers of Engineering Symposium. Every year the symposium brings together 100 outstanding young leaders in engineering to share their cutting-edge research and innovations in selected areas. The 2018 symposium was held September 5-7 and hosted by MIT Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington, Massachusetts. The intent of this book is to convey the excitement of this unique meeting and to highlight innovative developments in engineering research and technical work.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!