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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25336.
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Conference Proceedings on the Web 22 Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics Proceedings of the Fifth Biennial Marine Transportation System Research and Development Conference Kathleen L. Hancock Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Rapporteur June 19–21, 2018 National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Washington, D.C. Organized by the Transportation Research Board Cosponsored by the U.S. Committee on the Marine Transportation System Washington, D.C. 2018 www.TRB.org

Conference Proceedings on the Web 22 Transportation Research Board (TRB) publications are available by ordering individual publications directly from the TRB Business Office, through the Internet at www.TRB.org or national-academies.org/trb, or by annual subscription through organizational or individual affiliation with TRB. Affiliates and library subscribers are eligible for substantial discounts. For further information, contact the Transportation Research Board Business Office, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001 (telephone 202-334-3213; fax 202-334-2519; or e-mail TRBsales@nas.edu). NOTICE: This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to the procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the project were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This conference was cosponsored by the U.S. Committee on the Marine Transportation System. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. © 2018 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Suggested citation: Transportation Research Board. Conference Proceedings on the Web 22: Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analytics. Proceedings of the Fifth Biennial Marine Transportation System Research and Development Conference. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 2018.

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, non- governmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org. The Transportation Research Board is one of seven major programs of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The mission of the Transportation Research Board is to increase the benefits that transportation contributes to society by providing leadership in transportation innovation and progress through research and information exchange, conducted within a setting that is objective, interdisciplinary, and multimodal. The Board’s varied committees, task forces, and panels annually engage about 7,000 engineers, scientists, and other transportation researchers and practitioners from the public and private sectors and academia, all of whom contribute their expertise in the public interest. The program is supported by state transportation departments, federal agencies including the component administrations of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and other organizations and individuals interested in the development of transportation. Learn more about the Transportation Research Board at www.TRB.org.

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Conference Planning Committee Sandra Knight, WaterWonks LLC, Chair Paul Bingham, EDR Group Elizabeth Burkhart, Collins Engineering Alison Conway, City College of New York Scott Drumm, Port of Portland, Oregon Hota Gangarao, West Virginia University José Holguín-Veras, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Nicole Katsikides, Texas A&M Transportation Institute Jim Kruse, Texas A&M Transportation Institute Catherine Lawson, University at Albany Donald Ludlow, CPCS Transcom Heather Nachtmann, University of Arkansas Michael Pack, University of Maryland Craig Philip, Vanderbilt University Tom Wakeman, Stevens Institute of Technology Liaisons Helen Brohl, U.S. Committee on the Marine Transportation System Matthew Chambers, U.S. Bureau of Transportation Statistics Michael Fitzgerald, Federal Maritime Administration Lauren Knapp, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Jeff Lillycrop, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Kenneth “Ned” Mitchell, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Todd Ripley, Federal Maritime Administration Transportation Research Board Staff Scott Brotemarkle, Marine Board Program Director Brittney Gick, Associate Program Officer CRP Publications Staff for Conference Proceedings on the Web 22 Eileen P. Delany, Director of Publications Natalie Barnes, Associate Director of Publications Ann E. Petty, Senior Editor Jennifer Correro, Assistant Editor

vi Preface he Transportation Research Board (TRB) hosted the conference Transforming the Marine Transportation System through Multimodal Freight Analytics at the National Academy of Sciences Building in Washington, D.C., June 19 to 21, 2018. This meeting was the fifth in a series of Biennial Marine Transportation System Research and Development conferences organized by the TRB and cosponsored by the Committee on the Marine Transportation System (CMTS). The CMTS serves as a federal interagency coordinating committee that assesses the adequacy of the MTS, promotes the integration of the MTS with other modes of transportation and other uses of the marine environment, and coordinates, improves the coordination of, and makes recommendations regarding federal policies that impact the MTS. The planning committee for this conference was chaired by Sandra Knight of WaterWonks LLC. Committee members provided expertise in marine transportation systems, multimodal freight transportation, and data modeling and analytics. The planning committee was responsible solely for organizing the conference, identifying speakers, reviewing submitted abstracts, and developing topics for the plenary and breakout groups. Kathleen Hancock of Virginia Polytechnical Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) served as the conference rapporteur and prepared this document as a factual summary of what occurred at the conference. Responsibility for the published conference proceedings rests with the rapporteur. Researchers, practitioners, and academicians gathered to explore innovative science and technology concepts for optimizing system performance through better freight flow forecasting. The conference attracted approximately 107 participants, reflecting organizational diversity as follows: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 7% U.S. Department of Transportation 9% U.S. Coast Guard 6% Federal other 7% State departments of transportation 7% State other, regional, port 4% Association/nonprofit 1% University 33% Industry/commercial/consultant 21% International 6% This event provided an opportunity to share ideas and needs about multimodal freight T

vii analytics and to explore opportunities to harness robust, integrated, high-fidelity multimodal freight transportation data and analytics, offering an interactive format to engage in productive dialogue. The conference brought together those who generate new concepts and address transportation problems and opportunities and those who own and manage transportation systems. The conference, which was characterized by broad and active participation and discussion, considered potential research to address issues associated with transforming MTS. In addition to keynote speakers, the conference included plenary sessions focused on framing the issues related to multimodal freight operations, planning, and policy; presenting the challenges associated with the corresponding analytics; and making a case for its value to tactical and strategic planning. Participants had the opportunity to hear about and discuss issues and areas related to data analytics and decisions support in three concurrent breakout sessions and to interact with individuals providing active demonstrations. Speakers in the closing plenary session highlighted the topics and research ideas discussed during the conference. These proceedings consist of summaries of the introductory, plenary, breakout, and closing sessions as well as overviews of the keynote presentations. Abstracts from the student honor presentations and the active demonstrations are also provided. The conference PowerPoint presentations used by speakers can be accessed online through the links embedded in the final program at http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/conferences/2018/CMTS/Program.pdf. Scroll to the presentation of interest and click on the name of the presenter to download. This summary was prepared by the conference rapporteur, Kathleen L. Hancock, as a factual summary of what occurred at the conference. The planning committee’s role was limited to planning and convening the conference. The views contained in the report are those of individual conference participants and do not necessarily represent the views of all participants, the planning committee, TRB, or NRC. This summary was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the project charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. TRB thanks the following individuals for their review of the summary: Alison Conway, City College of New York, New York City; Mihalis Golias, University of Memphis, TN; Jim Kruse, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, College Station; and Heather Monteiro, Hickory Ridge Group, LLC, Las Vegas, NV. Although these reviewers provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of this summary before its release. The review of this summary was overseen by Susan Hanson, TRB Division Chair and Clark University (emerita), Worcester, MA. Appointed by the National Research Council, she was responsible for ensuring that an

viii independent examination of this summary was conducted in accordance with established procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the authors and the institution. The conference planning committee thanks Kathleen Hancock for her work in preparing this conference proceedings.

ix Acronyms ACES automation, connected, electrified, and shared AI artificial intelligence AIS automatic identification system ATA actual time of arrival AVAIL Albany Visualization and Informatics Labs BI business intelligence BOEM Bureau of Ocean Energy Management BTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics C cost CFS Commodity Flow Survey CMTS U.S. Committee for Marine Transportation Systems CRF conditional random fields COE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers CP cyber–physical D&L discharge and load DOT department of transportation ETA estimated time of arrival ETL extract, transform, and load FA freight attraction FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAF Freight Analysis Framework FAST act Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act FG freight generation FHWA Federal Highway Administration FMC Federal Maritime Commission FP freight production FRA Federal Railroad Administration FSA freight and service activity FTA freight trip attraction FTG freight trip generation FTP freight trip production GIS geographic information system GPS global positioning system IAT Integrated Action Team ICE Intercontinental Exchange ICMTS Interagency Committee on Marine Transportation Systems ICO initial coin offering IoT internet of things KAPSARC King Abdullah Petroleum Studies and Research Center

x L&D lock and dam LBD Longitudinal Business Database MAE mean absolute error MAP-21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act MARAD U.S.Maritime Administration MarTranS maritime transportation simulator MISLE Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement MIST Maritime Innovative Science and Technology MKARNS McClellan–Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System MSSIS Maritime Safety and Security Information System MTS marine transportation system MPO metropolitan planning organization MUC-7 Message Understanding Conference Version 7 NAICS North American Industry Classification System NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NCFRP National Cooperative Freight Research Program NHS National Highway System NLP natural language processing NPMRDS National Performance Management Research Data Set NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration O-D origin–destination OLS ordinary least squares ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PM3 System Performance Measures (FHWA Transportation Performance Management Rules) R&D research and development R&T research and technology RMSE root mean square error SCI supply chain innovation SCTG Standard Classification of Transported Goods STG service trip generation STA service trip attraction TOS terminal operating system TRB Transportation Research Board USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USCG U.S. Coast Guard USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USDOT U.S. Department of Transportation VOT value of time WCS waterborne commerce statistics WebTRAGIS web-based transportation routing analysis geographic information system XML extensible markup language

xi Contents Opening Session Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................ 1 Sandra Knight Perspective of the Committee on Marine Transportation Systems .................................................... 2 Jeff Lillycrop Keynote Address ....................................................................................................................................................... 5 Anne Aylward Plenary Sessions Keynote Address ..................................................................................................................................................... 11 Rebecca F. Dye Plenary Session 1: Perspectives Driving Marine Transportation System’s Freight Analytics ..................................................................................................................................................................... 16 Helen Brohl, presiding; Kathleen Hancock, recording Plenary Session 2: Reaching the Vision: The Challenges and Opportunities of Advancing Multimodal Freight Network Analytics ................................................................................. 20 Jim Kruse, presiding; Craig Philip, recording Plenary Session 3: The Value of Multimodal Freight Network Analytics: Making the Case Through Scenarios .............................................................................................................. 22 Catherine Lawson, presiding; Kathryn McIntosh, recording Keynote Address: Blockchain and Freight Transportation .................................................................. 24 John Kingston Breakout Session Summaries Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................. 26 Kathleen Hancock, rapporteur Breakout Session 1A: Data Analytics: Maritime and Freight 1 .......................................................... 26 Donald Ludlow, presiding; Michael Pack, recording Breakout Session 1B: Data Analytics: Inland Waterways .................................................................... 29 Joe Crabtree, presiding; Jim Kruse, recording Breakout Session 1C: Decision Support: Resilience ............................................................................... 32 Josh Murphy, presiding; Sandra Knight, recording Breakout Session 2A: Data Analytics: Maritime and Freight 2 .......................................................... 34 Heather Nachtmann, presiding; Matthew Chambers, recording Breakout Session 2B: Decision Support: Managing Flows .................................................................. 35 Patricia DiJoseph, presiding; Nichole Katsikides, recording

xii Breakout Session 2C: Data Analytics: Port Performance .................................................................... 38 Scott Drumm, presiding; Donald Ludlow, recording Breakout Session 2D: Decision Support: Safety ...................................................................................... 41 Todd Ripley, presiding; Scott Brotemarkle, recording Breakout Session 3A: Data Analytics: Maritime and Freight 3 .......................................................... 43 Alison Conway, presiding; Scott Drumm, recording Breakout Session 3B: Big Data and Machine Learning: Maritime Applications .......................... 45 Michael Pack, presiding; Sarah Harrison, recording Breakout Session 3C: Decision Support: Environmental ...................................................................... 48 James Corbett, presiding; Todd Ripley, recording Student Honor Panel Student Honor Panel Presentations ............................................................................................................... 51 Helen Brohl, presiding Assessing the Impact of Collaboration of Truck Carriers in Intermodal Freight Transportation ................................................................................................................ 51 Majbah Uddin, presenter Determining the Accuracy of Vessels’ Estimated Time of Arrival with Different Output Parameters ............................................................................................................................. 52 Akintola Aremu, presenter Freight Mode Choice Modeling Using the Commodity Flow Survey and Longitudinal Business Data 2012 .................................................................................................................... 54 Lokesh Kalahasthi, presenter Closing Session Main Concepts, Research Needs and Gaps, and Lessons Learned ..................................................... 57 Sandra Knight, presiding, Kathryn McIntosh, recording Appendix A: Interactive Demonstration Titles and Abstracts ............................................................ 64 Appendix B: Breakout Session Abstracts ..................................................................................................... 68 Appendix C: Conference Participants ............................................................................................................ 92

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TRB has released Transforming the Marine Transportation System Through Multimodal Freight Analysis: Proceedings of the Fifth Biennial Marine Transportation System Research and Development Conference that summarizes the discussion about multimodal freight transportation that took place on June 19-21, 2018.The conference considered potential research to address issues associated with transforming the marine transportation system (MTS) and explored opportunities to harness robust multimodal freight transportation data and analytics. Sessions at the conference focused on multimodal freight operations, planning, and policy; challenges associated with the corresponding analytics; and using these analytics for strategic MTS planning. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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