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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
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Acquisition Strategies for Future

SPACE-BASED OPTICS

Unclassified Summary

Committee on Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics

Intelligence Community Studies Board

Air Force Studies Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

A Consensus Study Report of

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This is a report of work supported by Contract 2014-14041100003-013 with the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-48770-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-48770-6
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25337

Limited copies of this report may be available through the Intelligence Community Studies Board, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001; (202) 334-3111

Copyright 2019 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25337.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for out standing contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
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COMMITTEE ON ACQUISITION STRATEGIES FOR FUTURE SPACE-BASED OPTICS

L. ROGER MASON, JR., Peraton, Chair

ROBERT E. ERLANDSON, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

LEE FEINBERG, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

WILLIAM A. JEFFREY, SRI International

LETITIA A. LONG, Independent Consultant, Arlington, Virginia

BRIAN A. SHAW, National Defense University

Staff

JOAN FULLER, Deputy Executive Director, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

JOHN MONTGOMERY, NAE, Study Director, Consultant

STEVEN DARBES, Research Associate, Air Force Studies Board

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×

INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY STUDIES BOARD

FREDERICK R. CHANG, NAE, Southern Methodist University, Co-Chair

ROBERT C. DYNES, NAS, University of California, San Diego, Co-Chair

JULIE BRILL, Microsoft Corporation

TOMAS DIAZ de la RUBIA, Purdue University

ROBERT A. FEIN, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School

MIRIAM E. JOHN, Independent Consultant

ANITA K. JONES, NAE, University of Virginia

ROBERT H. LATIFF (USAF, Ret.), R. Latiff Associates

MARK LOWENTHAL, Intelligence & Security Academy, LLC

MICHAEL A. MARLETTA, NAS/NAM, University of California, Berkeley

L. ROGER MASON, Jr., PERATON

WILLIAM H. PRESS, NAS, University of Texas, Austin

DAVID A. RELMAN, NAM, Stanford University

ELIZABETH RINDSKOPF Parker, State Bar of California (retired)

SAMUEL S. VISNER, MITRE Corporation; Georgetown University

Staff

ALAN SHAW, Director

CARYN LESLIE, Senior Program Officer

CHRIS JONES, Financial Manager

MARGUERITE SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator

DIONNA ALI, Research Associate

ADRIANNA HARGROVE, Financial Assistant

NATHANIEL DEBEVOISE, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×

AIR FORCE STUDIES BOARD

DOUGLAS M. FRASER, Douglas Fraser, LLC, Chair

ALLISON ASTORINO-COURTOIS, National Security Innovations, Inc.

KEVIN G. BOWCUTT, NAE, The Boeing Company

TED F. BOWLDS, U.S. Air Force (retired)

CRAIG R. COONING, The Boeing Company

BLAISE J. DURANTE, U.S. Air Force (retired)

STEPHEN R. FORREST, NAE/NAS, University of Michigan

BRENDAN B. GODFREY, University of Maryland, College Park

MICHAEL A. HAMEL, U.S. Air Force (retired)

JAMES E. HUBBARD, JR., NAE, Texas A&M University

CHARLES H. JACOBY, JR., Capitol Peak Asset Management

RAYMOND E. JOHNS, JR., FlightSafety International,

ALEX MILLER, University of Tennessee

OZDEN OCHOA, Texas A&M University

HENDRICK RUCK, Edaptive Computing, Inc.

JULIE J.C.H. RYAN, National Defense University

ZACHARY TUDOR, Idaho National Lab

STARNES E. WALKER, ANDE Corporation

DEBORAH WESTPHAL, Toffler Associates

DAVID A. WHELAN, NAE, Indpendent Consultant

MICHAEL YARYMOVYCH, NAE, Sarasota Space Associates

Staff

ELLEN CHOU, Director

GEORGE COYLE, Senior Program Officer

RYAN MURPHY, Program Officer

ADRIANNA HARGROVE, Financial Assistant

MARGUERITE SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator

STEVEN DARBES, Research Associate

CATHERINE PUMA, Research Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×

Statement of Task and Study Approach

This study originated with congressionally directed language from the House Permanent Select Committee for Intelligence (HPSCI) in 2016 and titled “Acquisition Strategies for Future Space Based Optics”. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened an ad hoc committee of experts to conduct a study that addressed the classified statement of task as directed by Congress. In accordance with procedures established by the National Academies for classified activities, this is an unclassified summary of a classified report.

To perform the study, a committee was convened under the auspices of the Air Force Studies and Intelligence Community Studies Boards. Members of the Committee on Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics were selected in accordance with Academies policies based on both technical experience in this highly specialized technical topic as well as holding the necessary clearances to access classified information. Before the first full meeting of the Committee, the committee chairs and staff met with the senior stakeholders within the Intelligence Community (IC) and the Department of Defense (DoD), and well as the professional staff from both the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HPSCI) and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI). Stakeholders included Office of the Director for National Intelligence (ODNI), National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA), United States Defense Intelligence (USDI), Joint Staff Capabilities and Resource Integration (J8), and Office of the Secretary of Defense Space (OSD Space). The purpose of these meetings was to discuss the study direction, tasking and schedule with the stakeholders and to gain an understanding of their perspectives in the area of future space based optics to help shape study directions and guide the committee during its deliberations.

The first full data-gathering meeting was held in IC facilities where the committee received classified briefings on both ongoing and planned programs in the area of space-based optics. At a subsequent meeting, detailed briefings were provided by industry leads working with the NRO on programs specifically related to the study of this report. In addition, ODNI provided a threat assessment briefing to provide context to the committee on the relative operational risk to current space assets. Finally, the committee heard from SpaceX and Blue Origin on their commercial activities related to space launch capabilities.

To complete the primary fact-finding activities, the committee traveled to NASA Goddard to review the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) program. This programhas developed a segmented 6m telescope for astronomical research that is to be launched to Lagrange point L-2. Once successfully launched and deployed, JWST will demonstrate component technologies required for the realization of large diameter telescopes for space based earth observation.

The study findings, conclusions and recommendations were formulated by the committee based on information gained from this fact-finding process.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

John Brock, Northrop Grumman Space Technology (ret.),

Robert H. Latiff, U.S. Air Force (Maj. Gen. ret.),

Grant H. Stokes, NAE, MIT Lincoln Laboratory,

David Van Wie, NAE, John Hopkins Applies Physics Laboratory, and

Donald C. Winter, NAE, Independent Consultant.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Robert Sproull, NAE, University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He is responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Acquisition Strategies for Future Space-Based Optics: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25337.
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Page R9
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This study originated with congressionally directed language from the House Permanent Select Committee for Intelligence (HPSCI) in 2016 and titled “Acquisition Strategies for Future Space Based Optics”. This publication is an unclassified summary of the classified report.

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