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Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States (2019)

Chapter: Appendix F: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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Appendix F

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAL average annual loss
CBSA Core-Based Statistical Area
CNT Center for Neighborhood Technology
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FIRM Flood Insurance Rate Map
GDP gross domestic product
GIS geographic information system
HMGP Hazard Mitigation Grants Program
IA Individual Assistance
NFIP National Flood Insurance Program
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
PA Public Assistance
SBA Small Business Administration
SHELDUS Spatial Hazard Events and Losses Database for the United States
SoVI Social Vulnerability Index
TARP Tunnel and Reservoir Plan
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
WRI World Resources Institute
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
×
Page 89
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25381.
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Page 90
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Flooding is the natural hazard with the greatest economic and social impact in the United States, and these impacts are becoming more severe over time. Catastrophic flooding from recent hurricanes, including Superstorm Sandy in New York (2012) and Hurricane Harvey in Houston (2017), caused billions of dollars in property damage, adversely affected millions of people, and damaged the economic well-being of major metropolitan areas. Flooding takes a heavy toll even in years without a named storm or event. Major freshwater flood events from 2004 to 2014 cost an average of $9 billion in direct damage and 71 lives annually. These figures do not include the cumulative costs of frequent, small floods, which can be similar to those of infrequent extreme floods.

Framing the Challenge of Urban Flooding in the United States contributes to existing knowledge by examining real-world examples in specific metropolitan areas. This report identifies commonalities and variances among the case study metropolitan areas in terms of causes, adverse impacts, unexpected problems in recovery, or effective mitigation strategies, as well as key themes of urban flooding. It also relates, as appropriate, causes and actions of urban flooding to existing federal resources or policies.

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