Thad W. Allen, co-chair, is senior executive advisor in Booz Allen’s Departments of Justice and Homeland Security business in the civil market, leading the development of thought leadership and client engagement regarding the future direction of law enforcement and homeland security. He is known for his expertise in bringing together government and nongovernment entities to address major challenges in a “whole of government” approach designed to achieve a unity of effort. Mr. Allen completed his distinguished career in the U.S. Coast Guard as its 23rd Commandant. In 2010, President Barack Obama selected Mr. Allen to serve as the national incident commander for the unified response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Working closely with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; the Department of Homeland Security; the Departments of Defense, Interior, Commerce, and Health and Human Services; state and local entities; and BP, he sought to bring a unity of effort to response operations. Prior to his assignment as commandant, Mr. Allen served as Coast Guard chief of staff. During his tenure in that position, in 2005 he was designated principal federal official for the U.S. government’s response and recovery operations in the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita throughout the Gulf Coast region. Other Coast Guard assignments included commander, Atlantic Area, where in 2001 he led the Coast Guard’s Atlantic Area forces following the September 11 attacks. He previously served as commander, Seventh Coast Guard District, where he oversaw all operations in the southeastern United States and in the Caribbean. Prior to joining Booz Allen, Mr. Allen served with the RAND Corporation. He is a fellow in the National Academy of Public Administration and a member of
the Council on Foreign Relations. He also currently serves as a director on the Coast Guard Foundation and Partnership for Public Service. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo appointed Mr. Allen to the New York State Respond Commission tasked with finding ways to ensure that New York State is ready to respond to future weather-related disasters. Mr. Allen is a 1971 graduate of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. He holds a master’s degree in public administration from the George Washington University from which he received the Alumni Achievement Award in 2006. He also holds an M.S. degree in management from the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Mr. Allen has been awarded honorary doctorate degrees from George Mason University, the National Defense University, and the National Graduate School.
Gerald E. Galloway, Jr. (member, National Academy of Engineering), co-chair, is a Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Maryland; a faculty fellow of the Texas A&M University Institute for Advanced Study; and a visiting professor at the Galveston campus. His 38-year career in the military included positions such as commander of the Army Corps of Engineers District in Vicksburg, MS; member of the Mississippi River Commission; and professor and founding head of the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering and dean of the Academic Board at the U.S. Military Academy. A civil engineer, public administrator, and geographer, Dr. Galloway’s current research focuses on the development of U.S. national water policy and disaster resilience in general and national floodplain management policy and the potential impacts of climate change on national security in particular. He currently serves as a consultant to several federal, state, and nongovernmental agencies on water resources policy development and flood risk management including the Louisiana Governor’s Advisory Commission on Coastal Protection, Restoration, and Conservation; the Maryland Coast Smart Council; an international panel of experts examining the flooding threats to Florence, Italy; and a panel of experts advising on sea level rise challenges in Singapore. Prior to joining the University of Maryland, Dr. Galloway was vice president of geospatial strategies for the ES3 sector of the Titan Corporation. He was a 6-year member of the National Research Council’s Water Science and Technology Board and has served as chair or member of 13 National Research Council committees. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Public Administration, and the National Academy of Construction. After he retired from the Army in 1995 as a brigadier general, Dr. Galloway earned his M.S.E. at Princeton, his M.P.A. at Penn State (Capitol campus), and his Ph.D. in geography (specializing in water resources) from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Michael W. Beck is the lead marine scientist for The Nature Conservancy and an adjunct professor in ocean sciences at the University of California Santa Cruz,
where he is based. Dr. Beck works on coastal marine conservation in five continents across science, business, and policy to bring clear tools and results to decision makers. He focuses on building coastal resilience in the interface between adaptation and conservation, working to reduce risks to people, property, and nature. Dr. Beck has authored more than 60 peer-reviewed science articles. His work covers topics from the role of coral reefs in reducing risks from storms to the effects of people on extinctions of Pleistocene mammals. He was a Fulbright fellow and an Australian Research Council postdoctoral fellow at the University of Sydney. He has served on advisory boards and panels for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Academy of Sciences. In 2012, Dr. Beck was selected as a Pew marine conservation fellow. His main areas of work include coastal hazards mitigation and climate adaptation in the United States, Caribbean, and Micronesia; habitat restoration and oyster reefs at risk; marine spatial planning in the United States and internationally; restoration investments following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill; and the nursery role of near-shore habitats such as kelp forests and on marine conservation agreements, including the lease and ownership of submerged lands. Dr. Beck has an M.S. in environmental sciences from the University of Virginia and a Ph.D. in biological sciences from Florida State University.
Anita Chandra is vice president and director of social and economic well-being and senior policy researcher at the RAND Corporation. Prior to her position as director of justice, infrastructure, and environment, she served as director of RAND’s Behavioral and Policy Sciences Department. She also leads studies on civic wellbeing and urban planning; community resilience and long-term disaster recovery; effects of military deployment; health in all policies; and child health and development. Throughout her career, Dr. Chandra has engaged government and nongovernmental partners to consider cross-sector solutions for improving community well-being and to build more robust systems and evaluation capacity. This work has taken many forms, including engaging with federal and local government agencies on building systems for emergency preparedness and resilience both in the United States and globally; partnering with private sector organizations to develop the science base around child systems; and collaborating with city governments and foundations to reform data systems and measure sustainability, well-being, and civic transformation. Dr. Chandra has also partnered with community organizations to conduct broad-scale health and environmental needs assessments, to examine the integration of health and human service systems, and to determine how to address the needs of historically vulnerable populations in human service systems. These projects have occurred in partnership with businesses, foundations, and other community organizations. Dr. Chandra earned a Dr.P.H. from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Erin D. Coryell joined the Margaret A. Cargill Foundation in 2010 as program officer. She is responsible for the development, strategic direction, and grant making of the foundation’s domestic disaster program, which is focused on the Midwest. Ms. Coryell manages a portfolio of grants that span the continuum of disaster preparedness through long-term recovery projects in a 10-state region. Her background spans historic preservation, nonprofits, urban development, and social and cultural issues regarding land use. Prior to joining the foundation, Ms. Coryell worked in field operations for the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Emergency Support Function #14 Long-Term Community Recovery program and was deployed for disaster declarations in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska. She also was previously the director of the Philadelphia Regional Fund, a grant program for community-serving historic houses of worship for a national nonprofit supported by foundation and government funding. She has run her own preservation consulting business; authored a successful New Market Tax Credit application for a faith-based organization in south central Los Angeles; worked for a construction company on one of Seattle’s first Hope VI mixed-income housing projects to use sustainable building practices; and worked for an urban developer on the restoration of a landmarked Nordstrom’s department store. Ms. Coryell graduated from Bard College with a B.A. in art history and from Cornell University’s City and Regional Planning Program with an M.A. in historic preservation planning.
Susan L. Cutter is a Carolina distinguished professor of geography at the University of South Carolina, where she directs the Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute. Her primary research interests are in the area of disaster vulnerability/resilience science—what makes people and the places where they live vulnerable to extreme events, and how vulnerability and resilience are measured, monitored, and assessed. She has authored or edited 13 books and more than 150 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. Dr. Cutter has led post-disaster field studies of the role of geographic information technologies in rescue and relief operations (in the September 11 World Trade Center attack) and studies of evacuation behavior from Three Mile Island (1979), Hurricane Floyd (1999), and the Graniteville, SC, train derailment and chlorine spill (2005). In 2006 she led a Hurricane Katrina post-event field team and ensuing 5-year study to examine the long-term recovery along the Mississippi Coast. In 2012, she led a Hurricane Sandy recovery team to examine the differential recovery along New Jersey’s coast. Dr. Cutter has provided expert testimony to Congress on hazards and vulnerability, was a member of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Interagency Performance Evaluation Task Force evaluating the social impacts of the New Orleans and Southeast Louisiana Hurricane Protection System in response to Hurricane Katrina, and was a juror for the Rebuild by Design competition for Hurricane Sandy reconstruction. Her policy-relevant work focuses on emergency management and disaster recovery
at local, state, national, and international levels, with funding from the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Geological Survey, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security, South Carolina’s Emergency Management Division and State Law Enforcement Division, and Florida’s Department of Health. Dr. Cutter serves on many national advisory boards and committees including those of National Research Council, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Science Foundation, the Natural Hazards Center, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. She also served as vice-chair of the Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Science Committee supported by the International Social Science Council, International Council for Science (ICSU), and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. Dr. Cutter serves as co-executive editor of Environment; associate editor of Weather, Climate, and Society; and on the advisory board of the Journal of Extreme Events. She also is serving as the editor in chief for the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. Dr. Cutter received her B.A. from California State University, East Bay, and her M.A. and Ph.D. (1976) from the University of Chicago.
Ann-Margaret Esnard is a distinguished university professor in the Department of Public Management and Policy at Georgia State University. She was hired in 2013 as part of the cluster on “Shaping the Future of Cities” during the third phase of the university’s Second Century Initiative. She served as the chair of Georgia State University’s Council for the Progress of Cities from 2014 to 2016. Her expertise encompasses urban planning, disaster planning, vulnerability assessment, and geographic information system (GIS)/spatial analysis. Dr. Esnard has been involved in a number of research initiatives including National Science Foundation–funded projects on topics of population displacement from catastrophic disasters, school recovery after disasters, long-term recovery, and community resilience. She is the coauthor of the book Displaced by Disasters: Recovery and Resilience in a Globalizing World (2014) and co-editor of the book Coming Home after Disaster: Multiple Dimensions of Housing Recovery (2017). She has served on a number of state and national committees including the Disasters Roundtable of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Research Council’s Committee on Private-Public Sector Collaboration to Enhance Community Disaster Resilience, and the State of Florida Post-Disaster Redevelopment Planning Initiative. Dr. Esnard holds degrees in agricultural engineering (B.Sc., University of the West Indies-Trinidad), agronomy and soils (M.S., University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez), and regional planning (Ph.D., University of Massachusetts Amherst), and she completed a 2-year post-doc at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Howard Frumkin is head of Our Planet, Our Health at Wellcome Trust. Prior to this he was professor of environmental and occupational health sciences at the University of Washington School of Public Health, where he served as dean from 2010 through 2016. Dr. Frumkin is an internist, environmental and occupational medicine specialist, and epidemiologist, who has worked in academia and public service. From 2005 to 2010, he held leadership roles at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; first, he was director of the National Center for Environmental Health and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, where he created programs in climate change and in healthy community design; launched training programs for college students, doctoral students, and post-docs; expanded its Biomonitoring and Environmental Public Health Tracking programs; and launched its National Conversation on Public Health and Chemical Exposures. Subsequently, he was special assistant to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention director for climate change and health. From 1990 to 2005, he was professor and chair of environmental and occupational health at Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health and professor of medicine at Emory Medical School. Dr. Frumkin serves on the boards of the Seattle Parks Foundation, the Bullitt Foundation, the Children and Nature Network, and the Washington Global Health Alliance; as chair of the Wellcome Trust “Our Planet, Our Health” funding committee; and on advisory boards for the Partnership for Active Transportation, the Planetary Health Alliance, and the Center for Design and Health at the University of Virginia School of Architecture. He previously served on the national boards of directors of the U.S. Green Building Council and of Physicians for Social Responsibility, as president of the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics, as chair of the science board of the American Public Health Association, on the American Institute of Architects Design and Health Leadership Group, on the National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Counselors, on the board of the National Environmental Education Foundation, on the National Research Council Committee on Sustainability Linkages in the Federal Government, as part of the Washington Department of Ecology Toxics Reduction Strategy Group, on the board of the Pacific Northwest Diabetes Research Institute, and on Seattle’s Green Ribbon Commission. As a member of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Children’s Health Protection Advisory Committee, Dr. Frumkin chaired the Smart Growth and Climate Change work groups. A graduate of the Institute for Georgia Environmental Leadership, he was named Environmental Professional of the Year by the Georgia Environmental Council in 2004. His research interests include public health aspects of the built environment, climate change, energy policy, and nature contact; toxic effects of chemicals; and environmental health policy. He is the author or co-author of more than 200 scientific journal articles and chapters and several books, including the standard environmental health textbook Environmental Health: From Global to Local. He is board-certified in internal medicine and in environmental and occupational medicine, and is a fellow of the American College of Physicians,
the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Collegium Ramazzini, and the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland. Dr. Frumkin received his A.B. from Brown University, his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, his M.P.H. and Dr.P.H. from Harvard University, his internal medicine training at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and Cambridge Hospital, and his environmental and occupational medicine training at Harvard University.
Melanie Gall is a faculty member of Arizona State University’s Emergency Management and Homeland Security program and the School of Community Resources and Development. Prior to joining Arizona State University, she worked as a researcher at the Hazards and Vulnerability Research Institute at the University of South Carolina as well as in the Disaster Science and Management Program at Louisiana State University. Dr. Gall’s research combines a mixed-method approach to explore the impacts of extreme events on society. Her expertise lies in risk metrics (e.g., disaster losses, vulnerability indexes), hazard mitigation, and climate change adaptation planning, as well as environmental modeling. The applied nature of Dr. Gall’s work allows her to work closely with emergency management agencies and nonprofit organizations. She has conducted post-disaster field work in Mozambique, Haiti, New Jersey, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina. She has published in journals including Natural Hazards Review, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, and Nature Climate Change. She is a certified floodplain manager and received her geography degrees from the University of South Carolina (Ph.D.), University of Salzburg in Austria (M.S.), and University of Heidelberg (B.S.).
Maureen Lichtveld (member, National Academy of Medicine) has 35 years of experience in environmental public health and is professor and chair of the Department of Global Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University. Beginning in 1987, she served as one of the highest ranking environmental health scientists with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry designing research tools and protocols to guide national environmental health studies in communities located near hazardous waste sites, as well as science-driven policies, often accompanied by congressional testimonies. Her research focuses on environmentally induced disease including asthma and cancer, health disparities, environmental health policy, disaster preparedness, and public health systems. She holds an endowed chair in environmental policy and is associate director of population sciences at the Louisiana Cancer Research Consortium. Dr. Lichtveld has a track record in community-based participatory research with a special emphasis on persistent environmental health threats affecting health disparate communities living in disaster-prone areas. Her $29 million research portfolio encompasses both national and global environmental health research. As director of the Center for Gulf Coast Environmental Health Research, Leadership,
and Strategic Initiatives, Dr. Lichtveld serves as the principal investigator of several Gulf Coast–associated environmental health research and capacity-building projects ascertaining the potential impact of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. She was awarded the Caribbean Consortium for Research in Environmental and Occupational Health, a National Institutes of Health-Fogarty International Center research grant with the research center at the Academic Hospital in Suriname and the University of Suriname, a first-time National Institutes of Health award in that Caribbean country. Since 1988, she has served as a consultant to the National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) on complex research issues ranging from environmental health and technological disasters to public health systems research and cancer policy. Of special note is her contribution as environmental health expert in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Dr. Lichtveld is a member of the National Advisory Environmental Health Sciences Council of the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences; the Environmental Protection Agency’s Scientific Advisory Board; the National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine; and a member of the Health Disparities Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee to the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. She was elected as chair of the editorial board of the American Journal of Public Health and serves as the current president of the Hispanic-Serving Health Professions Schools. Dr. Lichtveld was honored as Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Environmental Health Scientist of the Year and twice named Woman of the Year by the City of New Orleans. She earned her M.D. at the University of Suriname in 1981 and M.P.H. in environmental health sciences at Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health in 1986.
Carlos Martín is a senior fellow in the Metropolitan Housing and Communities Policy Center at the Urban Institute where he leads research and evaluations of the physical qualities of housing and communities and the industry that builds them. Dr. Martín, trained as an architect and construction engineer, uses his technical training to connect the nuts and bolts of housing—technology, design, workers, and materials—to its social outcomes for residents and the cities in which they live. His areas of expertise include green housing policies, disaster mitigation, low-income housing quality, the construction workforce, and development regulations. He has experience with descriptive analysis; qualitative implementation studies; evaluation technical assistance; and experimental evaluations for public, nonprofit, and philanthropic clients in the United States and abroad. Recent work includes evaluations of the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Rebuild by Design formation following Hurricane Sandy; the National Disaster Resilience Competition’s Resilience Academies; home rebuilding rates with Community Development Block Grants for Disaster Recovery; and the Rockefeller Foundation’s 100 Resilient Cities. Publications
from his past research projects include Housing Recovery on the Gulf Coast, Phase II (https://www.huduser.gov/publications/pdf/gulfcoast_phase2.pdf) and The State of the Residential Construction Industry (https://bipartisanpolicy.org/ wp-content/uploads/sites/default/files/State%20of%20the%20Residential%20 Construction%20Industry_Formatted_8-31.pdf). Before joining the Urban Institute, Dr. Martín was assistant staff vice president at the National Association of Home Builders for Construction Codes and Standards, SRP Professor for Energy and the Environment at Arizona State University’s Del E. Webb School of Construction and School of Architecture, and coordinator for the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing. He received his B.S.A.D. in architecture from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and his M.S. and Ph.D. in civil and environmental engineering from Stanford University.
Chris Poland (member, National Academy of Engineering) is an internationally recognized authority on earthquake engineering and champion of disaster resilience. His passion for vibrant, sustainable, and healthy communities drives his consulting practice. He focuses on community resilience and the buildings and systems that contribute to it. Mr. Poland is currently a community resilience fellow at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and member of the institute’s Community Resilience Panel. He is the past chair of the advisory committee to the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, and current chairman of the Advisory Committee on Structural Safety of Department of Veterans Affairs Facilities. As chair of the 100th Anniversary Earthquake Conference in San Francisco in April 2006, he shared the stage with California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and Senator Dianne Feinstein in an internationally covered event that brought the nation to think proactively about earthquake danger. Mr. Poland served as the chair of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings Standards Committee completing both ASCE 31 and ASCE 41, standards for the evaluation and rehabilitation of existing buildings that are used worldwide. He served on the board of directors for the San Francisco Bay Area Planning and Urban Research Association, co-chaired its Resilient City Initiative, and led the publication of The Disaster Resilient City. Mr. Poland serves on the board of the ASCE Structural Engineering Institute, has a leadership position in the ASCE Infrastructure Resilience Division, and is a member of the board of the US Resiliency Council. He served on the board for the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce and was the co-chair of the San Francisco Lifelines Council with City Administrator Naomi Kelly. Mr. Poland was inducted into the National Academy of Engineering in 2009. He received the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute’s Alquist Award in 2006 and the Housner Medal in 2017. He is a fellow of the American Council of Engineering Companies and the ASCE Structural Engineering Institute, and an honorary member of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute and the Structural Engineers Association of
California. His structural engineering career spans 40+ years and includes new design work, seismic analysis and strengthening of existing buildings, structural failure analysis, and historic preservation. Until his retirement, he was a senior principal, chairman, and CEO of Degenkolb Engineers during his 40 years with the firm from 1974 through 2014. Mr. Poland received his M.S. in structural engineering from Stanford University.
Liesel Ritchie is associate director of the Center for the Study of Disasters and Extreme Events at Oklahoma State University and an associate professor in the Department of Sociology. During her career, Dr. Ritchie has studied a range of disaster events, including the Exxon Valdez and BP Deepwater Horizon oil spills, the Tennessee Valley Authority coal ash release, Hurricane Katrina, and earthquakes in Haiti and New Zealand. Since 2000, her focus has been on the social impacts of disasters and community resilience, with an emphasis on technological disasters, social capital, and renewable resource communities, topics on which she has published widely. Dr. Ritchie has more than 20 years of experience in evaluation and research. Prior to joining Oklahoma State University, she served for 10 years as associate director of the Natural Hazards Center at the University of Colorado Boulder and a research professor with joint appointments in the university’s Institute of Behavioral Science and Environmental Studies Program. Dr. Ritchie was a senior research associate at the Evaluation Center at Western Michigan University and served for 6 years as coordinator for the Social Science Research Center’s Evaluation and Decision Support Laboratory at Mississippi State University. Dr. Ritchie has been the principal investigator or co-principal investigator on more than 80 projects and authored or coauthored more than 70 technical reports working with agencies including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey, Federal Emergency Management Agency, U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and Department of the Interior. She is a National Institute of Standards and Technology disaster resilience fellow and serves on two National Academies Advisory Boards—one for the Gulf Research Program and another for the Koshland Public Engagement Program.
Kathryn Sullivan (member, National Academy of Engineering) is a senior fellow at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies and ambassador at large at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. She was the Smithsonian’s Lindbergh fellow in aerospace history from March to August 2017. Prior to this, she served from 2013 to 2017 as the under secretary of commerce for oceans and atmosphere and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) administrator. She is a distinguished scientist, renowned astronaut, and intrepid explorer. Prior to her service as under secretary and NOAA administrator, Dr. Sullivan was assistant secretary of commerce for environmental observation and prediction and deputy administrator, and also performed the duties of NOAA’s chief scientist,
a vacant position. As assistant secretary, Dr. Sullivan played a central role in directing administration and NOAA priority work in the areas of weather and water services, climate science and services, integrated mapping services, and Earth-observing capabilities. She also provided agency-wide direction with regard to satellites, space weather, water, and ocean observations and forecasts to best serve American communities and businesses. As deputy administrator, she oversaw the smooth operation of the agency. Dr. Sullivan is the U.S. co-chair of the Group on Earth Observations, an intergovernmental body that is building a global Earth observation system of systems to provide environmental intelligence relevant to societal needs. Dr. Sullivan’s expertise spans the frontiers of space and sea. An accomplished oceanographer, she was appointed NOAA’s chief scientist in 1993, where she oversaw a research and technology portfolio that included fisheries biology, climate change, satellite instrumentation, and marine biodiversity. She was the inaugural director of the Battelle Center for Mathematics and Science Education Policy in the John Glenn School of Public Affairs at Ohio State University. Prior to joining Ohio State, she served a decade as president and CEO of the Center of Science and Industry in Columbus, Ohio, one of the nation’s leading science museums. Dr. Sullivan joined the center after 3 years of service as chief scientist. She was one of the first six women selected to join the National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronaut corps in 1978 and holds the distinction of being the first American woman to walk in space. She flew on three shuttle missions during her 15-year tenure, including the mission that deployed the Hubble Space Telescope. In February 2016, Dr. Sullivan was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She was also named a fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the nation’s premier scientific and professional organization promoting and disseminating information about the atmospheric, oceanic, and hydrologic services. Dr. Sullivan has also served on the National Science Board (2004-2010) and as an oceanographer in the U.S. Navy Reserve (1988-2006). She holds a bachelor’s degree in earth sciences from the University of California at Santa Cruz and a doctorate in geology from Dalhousie University in Canada.
Lauren Alexander Augustine is the director of Policy and Global Affairs’s Program on Risk, Resilience, and Extreme Events at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The marquis program is the Resilient America Roundtable, a set of activities that uses science, analysis, and technology in combination with community engagement to build resilience to disasters and other disruptions in four U.S. communities: Cedar Rapids, IA; Charleston, SC; Seattle, WA; and Tulsa, OK. From 2010-2015, she served on the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Risk and Resilience; was a member of the advisory board for the American Geophysical Union’s Thriving Earth Exchange
program; and was a juror on the Rebuild by Design resilience competition for recovery after Hurricane Sandy. She was also a juror for Rebuild by Design in San Francisco (2017). She currently assists with the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) Business and Science Forum. Dr. Augustine joined the Academies in 2002. In her tenure at the Academies, she was a study director for water science policy issues on the Water Science and Technology Board (2002 to 2008) and the deputy director for the African Science Academy Development Initiative, a decadal, cross-academies program that built scientific capacity in national academies of science in eight African countries (2007 to 2013). From 2008 to 2013, she directed the Disasters Roundtable at the Academy. Her most recent positions at the Academy entail her developing a portfolio on natural disasters and ways that science can inform policy to reduce the risk and elevate society’s resilience to them. Dr. Augustine earned her B.S. in applied mathematics and systems engineering and her master’s degree in environmental planning and policy from the University of Virginia; she completed her Ph.D. in an interdisciplinary program that combined physical hydrology, geomorphology, and ecology at Harvard University.
Charlene Milliken is a senior program officer in Policy and Global Affairs’s Resilient America Program at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine where she manages programs and projects focused on building community resilience to disasters; flood risk, resilience, preparedness, and mitigation; and community resilience measurement. Before joining the National Academies in 2015, she worked for 7 years in the Department of Homeland Security’s Science and Technology Directorate, where she was involved in programs and activities related to community resilience, terrorism, improvised explosive devices, technology transition, risk communication, and social media use during disasters. She supported management of the Science and Technology Directorate’s Centers of Excellence Program and conducted research and participated in interagency efforts focused on national and homeland security issues. Dr. Milliken was a National Defense and Global Security S&T fellow through the American Association for the Advancement of Science from 2007 to 2009 and a Department of Homeland Security Research Fellow from 2009 to 2012. She received her B.A. in international relations from the University of Southern California and earned her Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Pittsburgh. She conducted her dissertation research in Peru, where she investigated mortuary rituals and ancestor veneration of the ancient Wari civilization.
Jamie Biglow was a research assistant for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Resilient America Program. Prior to joining the National Academies in early 2014, Ms. Biglow spent 3 years in the field of international development, including roles in program management, project development, and fund-raising. She has an M.A. in international affairs from the George
Washington University concentrating in security studies. Ms. Biglow completed her B.A. at the State University of New York at New Paltz, with a double major in history and art history.
Maggie Esch was a research associate for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Resilient America Program. Before joining the staff full-time, she was a Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology fellow from January to April 2017 working with the Resilient America Program. She received her B.S. in biology and B.A. in environmental studies from the University of Pittsburgh, and her M.S. in marine and estuary science from Western Washington University in Bellingham, WA. She completed her Ph.D. in environmental science and ecology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, with a focus on hydrological processes and groundwater input in a tidal salt marsh along the Gulf coast of Florida.
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