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11 Wrap-Up Rapporteur Mary Vigilante provided closing remarks for the event, offering a summary of what she considered to be major takeaways. Vigilante noted challenges, innovations, and potential areas for research. Vigilanteâs closing summary should not be construed as reflecting a consensus of the planning committee, the conference participants, TRB, ACRP, or the National Academies. Major challenges observed by Vigilante include the following: â¢ Challenges with the limited authority of airport sponsors are hindering progress. â¢ Conflicts can arise between the dynamic and shifting environments in which airportsoperate and the heavy regulation under which they operate. Resolving these conflictsrequires outside-the-box thinking. â¢ There is a general lack of funding (for land use planning, implementation, monitoring,and enforcement). â¢ There is a lack of time and resources for reviewing and understanding issues. â¢ Airport planning is short term and land use planning is 50 years or more. Types of innovations observed include the following: â¢ Using technology in creative ways. â¢ Employing unique communication and education strategies. â¢ Working outside the box. â¢ Utilizing a third-party facilitator on challenging issues.Examples of research that Vigilante thought would be helpful include the following: â¢ Synthesis of case studies showcasing what has worked well and what has not, to giveexamples of alignment between airport operators and land use jurisdictions. Statesmight take different approaches from each other, and understanding these differencescould be valuable. â¢ Survey of National Association of State Aviation Officials (NASAO) and other aviationgroups to ascertain what is done to make land use planning required by communitiesaffected by airports. â¢ Synthesis or toolkit of FAA regulations relative to land use. Such a resource would noteany conflicts between FAA requirements and local land use rules and policies. â¢ Development of a search engine so practitioners can better find ACRP resources andinformation, since attendees seemed to be unaware of many relevant ACRP reports.