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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the Connection Between Health Professions Education and Practice: Proceedings of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25407.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

STRENGTHENING THE CONNECTION BETWEEN HEALTH PROFESSIONS EDUCATION AND PRACTICE PROCEEDINGS OF A JOINT WORKSHOP Patricia A. Cuff and Erin Hammers Forstag, Rapporteurs Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education Board on Global Health Health and Medicine Division PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and Academic Collaborative for Integrative Health, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Aetna Foundation, American Academy of Nursing, American Association of Colleges of Nursing, American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, American Board of Family Medicine, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Council of Academic Physical Therapy, American Dental Education Association, American Medical Association, American Nurses Credentialing Center, American Occupational Therapy Association, American Osteopathic Association, American Physical Therapy Association, American Psychological Association, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Association of American Medical Colleges, Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry, Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health, Association of Schools of the Allied Health Professions, Athletic Training Strategic Alliance, Council on Social Work Education, Jonas Nursing and Veterans Healthcare, Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, Michigan Center for Interprofessional Education, National Academies of Practice, National Association of Social Workers, National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. and Affiliates, National Board of Medical Examiners, National Council of State Boards of Nursing Inc., National League for Nursing, Organization for Associate Degree Nursing, Physician Assistant Education Association, Society for Simulation in Healthcare, University of Toronto, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and Weill Cornell MedicineQatar. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-XXXXX-X International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-XXXXX-X Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25407 Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2019 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strengthening the connection between health professions education and practice proceedings of a joint workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25407. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON STRENGTHENING THE CONNECTION BETWEEN HEALTH PROFESSIONS EDUCATION AND PRACTICE 1 BARBARA BRANDT (Co-Chair), National Center for Interprofessional Practice and Education LUCY SAVITZ (Co-Chair),* Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research KENNITA R. CARTER, Health Resources and Services Administration RONALD CERVERO, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences STEVEN CHESBRO, American Physical Therapy Association SARA E. FLETCHER, Physician Assistant Education Association ERIN FRAHER, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ALEX F. JOHNSON, Massachusetts General Hospital Institute of Health Professions CHRISTINE M. MACDONELL, Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities International JAVAID I. SHEIKH,* Weill Cornell MedicineQatar JOANNE SPETZ, University of California, San Francisco KATE TULENKO,* Corvus Health Consultants JILL DUNCAN, Institute for Healthcare Improvement BRENDA K. ZIERLER, University of Washington *Assisted in planning but unable to attend the workshop. 1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Joint Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS v

GLOBAL FORUM ON INNOVATION IN HEALTH PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION 1 CASWELL EVANS (Co-Chair), University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry DEBORAH POWELL (Co-Chair), University of Minnesota MALCOLM COX (Co-Chair Emeritus), University of Pennsylvania, formerly U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs SUSAN SCRIMSHAW (Co-Chair Emeritus), The Sage Colleges FRANK ASCIONE, University of Michigan TIMI AGAR BARWICK, Physician Assistant Education Association DAVID BENTON, National Council of State Boards of Nursing JOANNA CAIN, University of Massachusetts School of Medicine KATHY CHAPPELL, American Nurses Credentialing Center STEVEN CHESBRO, American Physical Therapy Association AMY APARICIO CLARK, Aetna Foundation DARLA SPENCE COFFEY, Council on Social Work Education DARLENE CURLEY, Jonas Nursing and Veterans Healthcare JAN DE MAESENEER, Ghent University MARIETJIE DE VILLIERS, Stellenbosch University KIM DUNLEAVY, American Council of Academic Physical Therapy KATHRIN (KATIE) ELIOT, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ELIZABETH (LIZA) GOLDBLATT, Academic Collaborative for Integrative Health CATHERINE GRUS, American Psychological Association SUSAN HANRAHAN, Association of Schools of the Allied Health Professions NEIL HARVISON, American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. ERIC HOLMBOE, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ELIZABETH HOPPE, Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry HOLLY HUMPHREY, Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation EMILIA IWU, Jonas Nursing and Veterans Healthcare PAMELA JEFFRIES, George Washington University School of Nursing SANDEEP (SUNNY) KISHORE, Young Professionals Chronic Disease Network KATHLEEN KLINK, Veterans Health Administration CHAO MA, Peking Union Medical College ANDREW MACCABE, Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges LAURA MAGAÑA VALLADARES, Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health LUCINDA MAINE, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy BEVERLY MALONE, National League for Nursing MARY E. (BETH) MANCINI, Society for Simulation in Healthcare ANGELO MCCLAIN, National Association of Social Workers LEMMIETTA G. MCNEILLY, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association MARK MERRICK, Athletic Training Strategic Alliance DONNA MEYER, Organization of Associate Degree Nursing WARREN NEWTON, American Board of Family Medicine BJÖRG PALSDOTTIR, Training for Health Equity Network (THEnet) MIGUEL PANIAGUA, National Board of Medical Examiners RAJATA RAJATANAVIN, Mahidol University LUCY SAVITZ, Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research 1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Joint Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS vii

WENDI SCHWEIGER, National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc. and Affiliates NELSON SEWANKAMBO, Makerere University College of Health Sciences STEPHEN SHANNON, American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine JAVAID I. SHEIKH, Weill Cornell MedicineQatar SUSAN SKOCHELAK, American Medical Association ZOHRAY TALIB, George Washington University MARIA TASSONE, University of Toronto DEBORAH TRAUTMAN, American Association of Colleges of Nursing MICHELLE TROSETH, National Academies of Practice RICHARD (RICK) W. VALACHOVIC, American Dental Education Association CYNTHIA A. WALKER, Medtronic ALISON J. WHELAN, Association of American Medical Colleges ADRIENNE WHITE-FAINES, American Osteopathic Association XUEJUN ZENG, Peking Union Medical College BRENDA ZIERLER, University of Washington Health and Medicine Division Staff PATRICIA A. CUFF, Senior Program Officer AMBAR SAEED, Research Associate (through September 31, 2018) ANNA FAHLSTROM, Research Assistant DANIEL CESNALIS, Financial Associate JULIE PAVLIN, Director, Board on Global Health PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS viii

REVIEWERS This Proceedings of a JointWorkshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: RON CERVERO, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences GERRI LAMB, Center for Advancing Interprofessional Practice, Education and Research LESLEE TAYLOR, Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education KATE TULENKO, Corvus Health Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by BRUCE N. CALONGE, The Colorado Trust. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies. PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS ix

CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION 1-1 2 WORKFORCE AND TRAINING DATA 2-1 3 PATIENT-CENTERED CARE AND EDUCATION 3-1 4 THE ROLE OF HEALTH CARE IN DEVELOPING THE HEALTH 4-1 WORKFORCE 5 MEETING NEEDS OF POPULATIONS, STUDENTS, AND EDUCATORS 5-1 6 ENVISIONING FUTURE EDUCATORS 6-1 7 DISRUPTION IN HEALTH EDUCATION AND PRACTICE 7-1 APPENDIXES A WORKSHOP AGENDA A-1 B SPEAKER BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES B-1 C FORUM-SPONSORED PRODUCTS C-1 PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS xi

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On November 13 and 14, 2018, members of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Global Forum on Innovation in Health Professional Education participated in a joint workshop with affiliates of the National Center for Interprofessional Practice and Education. The workshop participants explored the intersection of health professions education and practice. Both sectors are working toward the same goal of improving the health of patients and populations, without compromising the mental stability and wellbeing of the workforce or its learners. However, while education and practice have the same goal, there is a need for greater alignment between the sectors to more fully realize these desired outcomes. For example, educators, practitioners, and administrators must learn to adapt and respond to the growing role of technology within a wider context, in order to most effectively apply higher education within health systems. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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