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2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory (2019)

Chapter: Appendix D: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
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D

Acronyms

2D two dimensional
3D three dimensional
4D four dimensional
A&A analysis and assessment
ABLE atmospheric boundary layer environment
ABM agent-based model
ACAL Army cyber-research analytics capability
AE acoustic emission
AEM alkaline exchange membrane
AFM atomic force microscope
AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory
AI artificial intelligence
AIS Abbreviated Injury Scale
AM additive manufacturing
AMRDEC Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center
AMT Amazon Mechanical Turk
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
APG Aberdeen Proving Ground
API application programming interface
APS Advanced Photon Source
ARDEC Armament Research, Development, and Engineering Center
ARL Army Research Laboratory
ARLTAB Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
ARO Army Research Office
ATGM anti-tank guided missile
BABT behind-armor blunt trauma
BED Battlefield Environments Division
BODN bis-oxadiazole dinatrate
BSVL ballistics survivability, vulnerability, and lethality
C4ISR command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance
CASA complex adaptive systems analysis
CCE core campaign enabler
CEMA cyber and electromagnetic activity
CFD computational fluid dynamics
CHIMERA Cyber Human Integrated Modeling and Experimentation Range Army
CISD Computational and Information Sciences Directorate
CMOS complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor
CNT carbon nanotube
COTS commercial-off-the-shelf
CRA Collaborative Research Alliance
CRADA cooperative research and development agreement
CREB Center for Research in Extreme Batteries
CSD computational structural dynamics
CSM Center for Semiconductor Modeling
CT computed tomography
CTA Collaborative Technology Alliance
CW continuous wave
DAHI Diverse Accessible Heterogeneous Integration
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DE directed energy
DFT density functional theory
DIC digital image correlation
DoD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOFO dioxadiazole fuoxan
DPD dissipation particle dynamics
DRFM digital radio frequency memory
DSM distributed shared memory
ECM energy coupled to matter
EEG electroencephalogram
EIS electrical impedance spectroscopy
EME electromagnetic environment
ERA essential research area
ET eye tracking
EW electronic warfare
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
FCC face-centered cubic
FEC forward error correction
FEM finite element method
FFRDC Federally Funded Research and Development Center
FIB focused ion beam
FP floating point
FPGA field programmable gate array
FRM fast-running model
FY fiscal year
GDTA goal-directed task analysis
GNSS global navigation satellite system
GPS Global Positioning System
GPU graphics processing unit
HAT human-agent teaming
HCI human-computer interaction
HDR high dynamic range
HER hydrogen evolution reaction
HFE human factors engineering
HIDRA high-voltage in situ diagnostic radiography apparatus
HII human-information interaction
HMI human-machine interaction
HMS hierarchical multiscale
HPC high-performance computing
HRED Human Research and Engineering Directorate
HRI human-robot interaction
HSI human systems integration
ICME integrated computational materials engineering
ICRA International Conference on Robotics and Automation
IED improvised explosive device
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IMPRINT Improved Performance Research Integration Tool
INSNA International Network for Social Network Analysis
INVADE integrated network vulnerability assessment discovery and exploitation
I/O input/output
IoBT Internet of Battlefield Things
IoT Internet of Things
IP Internet protocol
IR infrared
ISC Intelligent Systems Center
IT information technology
JASS Job Assessment Software System
JER Jornada Experimental Range
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
JILA Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics
JP-8 jet propellant 8 (fuel)
JTAPIC Joint Trauma Analysis and Prevention of Injury in Combat
KCI Key Campaign Initiative
LAB Laboratory Assessments Board
LBM lattice Boltzmann method
lidar light detection and ranging
LQR linear quadratic regulators
LWIR long-wavelength infrared detector
MANET mobile ad hoc network
MARC Manpower Requirements Critera
MATERHORN mountain terrain atmospheric modeling and observations
MBE molecular beam epitaxy
MD molecular dynamics
MDAE multi-domain analysis environment
MEDE materials in extreme dynamic environments
MEMS microelectromechanical system
MFOP maintenance-free operational period
MHI machine-human interaction
mid-IR mid-infrared
ML machine learning
MODE method for object-based diagnostic evaluation
MOS military occupational specialty
MOSFET metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor
MPI message passing interface
MRMC Medical Research and Materiel Command
MS&PP materials for soldier and platform power system
MSA meteorological sensor array
MSAT materials selection and analysis tool
MTG Molecular Theory Group
MURI Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative
MUVES modular UNIX-based vulnerability estimation suite
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NAVAIR Naval Air Systems command
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research
ND nanodiamond
NG nitroglycerin
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NMSU New Mexico State University
NoC Network-on-Chip
NRL Naval Research Laboratory
NSA National Security Agency
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
NSF National Science Foundation
NWP numerical weather prediction
OMEN optimized modular EW network
OneSAF one semi-automated forces
OPBO output power back-off
ORCA operational-requirements-based casualty assessment
PA power amplifier
PAE power amplifier high-energy efficiency
PBL planetary boundary layer
PDR preliminary design review
PDV photon Doppler velocimetry
PEM proton-exchange membrane
PI principal investigator
PMCS+ Preventative Maintenance Checks and Services
PNT position, navigation, and timing
POMDP Partially Observable Markov Decision Process
PPE personal protective equipment
PS personnel survivability
PZT lead zirconate titanate
QM quantum mechanics
R&D research and development
RAT rate-activated tether
RF radio frequency
RFI radio frequency interference
RMET rotorcraft maintenance event tree
ROC receiver operating characteristic
RVE representative volume element
RWB real-world behavior
S&E sensing and effecting
S&T science and technology
SA situation awareness
SBER structural bond energy release
SBIR Small Business Innovation Research
SDN software-defined networking
SEDD Sensors and Electron Devices Directorate
SEM scanning electron microscopy
SHPB split-Hopkinson pressure bar
SIIS system intelligence and intelligent systems
SITCORE sensor information test-bed collaborative research evironment
SLAD Survivability and Lethality Analysis Directorate
SLV survivability, lethality, and vulnerability
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
SMA shape memory alloy
SME subject matter expert
SPB-BRiMS Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling, and Prediction and Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation
SRNC Semiconductor Research Nanofabrication Center
SRW solider radio waveform
SWAP size, weight, and power
SWAPC size, weight, power, and cost
SWAPCT size, weight, power, cost, and time
SWAPT size, weight, power, and time
SWAPTN SWAPT plus network
TAD target audience description
TARDEC Tank Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center
TBI traumatic brain injury
ToA time of arrival
TPU tensor processing unit
TRAC TRADOC Analysis Center
TRADOC Training and Doctrine Command
TRL technology readiness level
TTCP The Technical Cooperation Program
TUEI tactical unit energy independence
UAS unmanned aircraft system
UAV unmanned aerial vehicle
UDE ultrafast dynamic ellipsometry
UHMWPE ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene
UQ uncertainty quantification
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
UTEP University of Texas, El Paso
UV ultraviolet
V&V verification and validation
VFM vortex filament method
VI vehicle intelligence
VLES very-large-eddy-simulation
VoI value of information
VTD Vehicle Technology Directorate
VTOL vertical take-off and landing
WBG wide bandgap
WMRD Weapons and Materials Research Directorate
WRF weather research and forecasting
WSMR White Sands Missile Range
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
Page 233
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
Page 234
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
Page 235
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
Page 236
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
Page 237
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. 2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25419.
×
Page 238
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The Army Research Laboratory (ARL) is the corporate laboratory for the U.S. army, which bridges scientific and military communities. The ARL is critical in maintaining the United States’ dominant military power through its advanced research and analysis capabilities. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Army Research Laboratory Technical Assessment Board (ARLTAB) conducts biennial assessments of the scientific and technical quality of the facilities. These assessments are necessary to ensure that the ARL’s resources and quality of programs are maximized.

2017-2018 Assessment of the Army Research Laboratory includes findings and recommendations regarding the quality of the ARL’s research, development, and analysis programs. The report of the assessment is subdivided by the ARL’s Science and Technology campaigns, including Materials Research, Sciences for Lethality and Protection, Information Sciences, Computational Sciences, Sciences for Maneuver, Human Sciences, and Analysis and Assessment. This biennial report summarizes the findings for the 2017-2018 period.

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