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Anne Frances Johnson, Rapporteur National Materials and Manufacturing Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESSâ 500 Fifth Street, NWâ Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by Contract SB134117CQ0017/1333ND18FNB490281 with CMRC/ National Institute of Standards and Technology. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommenda- tions expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-42948-5 International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-42948-3 Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25440 Cover page: Complexity is free, not only in the three-dimensional fractal shown on the cover and in additive manufacturing, but also in the relationship between manufacturing and innovation. W Â herever manufacturing takes place it spurs innovation, which in turn creates new opportunities for manufacturing in a complex and never-ending spiral. Back cover: Starting, stopping, and con- tinuing doing are key ingredients of this effort. These are simple and important actions, but with complex outcomes. Compare this with Conwayâs Game of Life, in which cells are started, stopped, or continued according to four simple rules yet attain a complexity that is astonishing. Graphic Artist: Erik Svedberg. This publication is available in limited quantities from National Materials and Manufacturing Board 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 email@example.com http://www.nationalacademies.edu/nmmb Additional copies of this publication are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www. nap.edu. Copyright 2019 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Strategic Long-Term Participation by DoD in Its Manufacturing USA Institutes: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25440.
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COMMITTEE ON STRATEGIC LONG-TERM PARTICIPATION BY DOD IN ITS MANUFACTURING INNOVATION INSTITUTES THERESA KOTANCHEK, Evolved Analytics, LLC, Co-Chair EDWARD MORRIS, Consequence Consulting, LLC, Co-Chair WILLIAM B. BONVILLIAN, Massachusetts Institute of Technology THOMAS M. DONNELLAN, Applied Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University SUSAN HELPER, Case Western Reserve University MICK MAHER, Maher & Associates, LLC MICHAEL McGRATH, Independent Consultant POL SPANOS, NAE,1 Rice University BEN WANG, Georgia Institute of Technology STEVEN J. ZINKLE, NAE, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Staff ERIK SVEDBERG, Study Director JAMES LANCASTER, Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board and the Board on Physics and Astronomy NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Associate BETH DOLAN, Financial Associate AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant JULIA KOTLER, Research Assistant, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. v
NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD BEN WANG, Georgia Institute of Technology, Chair THERESA KOTANCHEK, Evolved Analytics, LLC, Vice Chair RODNEY C. ADKINS, NAE,1 IBM Corporate Strategy (retired) CRAIG ARNOLD, Princeton University JIM C.I. CHANG, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan THOMAS M. DONNELLAN, Applied Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University STEPHEN FORREST, NAS2/NAE, University of Michigan ERICA FUCHS, Carnegie Mellon University DAVID C. LARBALESTIER, NAE, Florida State University MICK MAHER, Maher & Associates, LLC ROBERT MILLER, NAE, IBM Almaden Research Center EDWARD MORRIS, Consequence Consulting, LLC NICHOLAS A. PEPPAS, NAE/NAM,3 University of Texas, Austin GREGORY TASSEY, University of Washington TRESA M. POLLOCK, NAE, University of California, Santa Barbara HAYDN WADLEY, University of Virginia STEVEN J. ZINKLE, NAE, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Staff JAMES LANCASTER, Director ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Associate BETH DOLAN, Financial Associate JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate 1â â ember, M National Academy of Engineering.â 2â â ember, M National Academy of Sciences.â 3â â ember, National Academy of Medicine. M vi
Acknowledgment of Reviewers This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals cho- sen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each pub- lished proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Dennis P. Butcher, America Makes and the Air Force Research Laboratory, Linda Cadwell Stancin, Lockheed Martin Corporation, William E. Frazier, Naval Air Systems Command, Mark LaViolette, Deloitte Consulting, LLP, Jyotirmoy Mazumder, NAE,1 University of Michigan, and Chris Peters, The Lucrum Group. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. vii
viii Acknowledgment of Reviewers by Aziz Asphahani, NAE, QuesTek Innovations, LLC. He was responsible for mak- ing certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.
Contents OVERVIEW 1 1 INTRODUCTION 3 2 KEYNOTE ADDRESSES: PERSPECTIVES ON MANUFACTURING USA 7 3 PANEL 1: ALTERNATIVE PUBLICâPRIVATE PARTNERSHIP MODELS 16 4 PANEL 2: INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS IN ADVANCED MANUFACTURING 25 5 BREAKOUT SESSIONS: FEEDBACK AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR THE DOD MANUFACTURING USA INSTITUTES 34 6 DISCUSSION 57 ix
x Contents APPENDIXES A STATEMENT OF TASK 73 B WORKSHOP AGENDA AND PARTICIPANT LIST 75 C COMMITTEE MEMBER BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 84 D ACRONYMS 90