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78 CHAPTER 7: IMPLEMENTING THE RESULTS OF THIS RESEARCH This report described multiple examples of the impacts that large scale disruptions can have on the nationâs transportation system that are essential to supply chains. These disruptions can be caused by natural or man-made disasters, or by deliberate attacks against transportation and information infrastructure. Due to the interconnectivity of the nationâs transportation system, such disruptions can have a multiplier effect on the transportation system which can impact critical sections of the freight supply chain and ultimately impact regional economies. This material below section describes strategies to implement the results of this research. Given the institutional and process orientation of this research, implementing the results of this research will very much rely on demonstrating its usefulness to the many different participants of the supply chain. Possible ways of doing so include: Conduct Pilot Studies of the Guidance Application: Identify 3 to 4 State DOTs who are willing to work with their freight/logistics/emergency response partners to pilot the application of the guidance. This would entail developing materials to support such efforts, and possible use of third-party facilitators in the dialogue. Collect Data on Supply Chain Disruptions: Very few studies or data collection efforts have been undertaken on disruptions to supply chains when an incident occurs on the transportation system. Most of the data collection and information is anecdotal. This effort would establish a capability, perhaps an âon-callâ research team under the auspices of TRB similar to teams funded by the National Science Foundation in the aftermath of earthquakes, to immediately investigate supply chain impacts of major incidents. Such data collection would provide a strong analysis foundation for incorporating such concerns into decision making. Conduct Pre-incident and Planning-oriented Transportation Resilience Exercises: Full scale and tabletop exercises are effective tools for simulating supply chain disruptions or events requiring emergency response and transportation system management. However, almost all these efforts focus on incident response. Tabletop exercises should be developed for the pre-planning of incident response, highlighting the different roles and responsibilities for the planning of the transportation system. Public and private stakeholders collaborate on best practices for responding to supply chain disruptions. Potential outcomes include being able to explain the sequence of events to ensure best practices, techniques, and skills to prepare for a disruptive event, and understanding unique perspectives and approaches to preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery. Incorporate Supply Chain Concerns into Current Tabletop and Field Exercises: Almost all of the current tabletop exercises used by emergency management agencies (and their partners) focus on incident response, which as it should be. This effort would simply develop and provide to such exercises some consideration that the incident might have on supply chains (and why that might be important to the community). Establish State Transportation Resiliency Advisory Committees: As State DOTs develop mitigation strategies for key freight system disruptions, it is important to engage with stakeholders to develop in resiliency strategies. An effective way to capture their input is through the establishment of an advisory committee so that they can provide input throughout the effort. This could be accomplished by a stand-alone committee or by creating a subcommittee of the State Freight Advisory Committee. Members should be mix of private and public sector representatives. Once established, committee meetings should be scheduled at key milestones to provide an opportunity for input and discussion. Materials should be developed to support such an effort. Develop and Use Resiliency Performance Measures (See Research Statement Below): In todayâs planning environment, performance measures are key focal points for what is considered a desirable system performance. There are very few resiliency measures in existence, and even fewer that include components of disruptions to supply chains. This effort would provide information to transportation officials on how such performance metrics can be used and the types of strategies that might be considered (found in the guidance).
79 Present Results in Logistics/Freight Forums: Most of the publications in the management literature on resilient supply chains focuses on internal procedures and organizational structures of the firms involved. It is important to broaden this perspective to include all the participants in a supply chain disturbanceâ¦including public agencies. This can be done by presenting material in the management literature and/or at supply chain conferences. Develop Training Courses: As far as could be determined, there are no training courses that look at system resiliency and what transportation agencies can do to better prepare for and respond to disruptions. The material in this research would provide a very good foundation for such a training course, augmented with emergency response material. This emphasis on impacts to supply chains and the reverberating impacts throughout the supply chain would be emphasized in such training.