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Implications of Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity: Proceedings of a Workshop (2019)

Chapter: Appendix E: Abbreviations and Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implications of Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25488.
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E

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AAAI Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence
ACL access control list
AI artificial intelligence
APT advanced, persistent threat
AV antivirus
CEC Central Election Commission
CGC Cyber Grand Challenge
COTS commercial off the shelf
CSTB Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
CTF Capture the Flag
CVSS common vulnerability scoring system
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DDOS distributed denial of service
DL deep learning
DoD Department of Defense
GAN generative adversarial network
HACMS High-Assurance Cyber Military Systems programs
IARPA Intelligence Advanced Researched Projects Activity
IBM International Business Machines Corporation
IC Intelligence Community
LID local intrinsic dimensionality
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implications of Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25488.
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MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
ML machine learning
MNIST Modified National Institute of Standards and Technology
NeurIPS Neural Information Processing Systems
NGAV Next-Generation antivirus
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NLP natural language processing
NSA National Security Agency
NSF National Science Foundation
ODNI Office of the Director of National Intelligence
PATE Private Aggregation of Teacher Ensembles
PPAMAL Probabilistic Programming for Advanced Machine Learning program
ReLU rectified linear unit
SAT Scholastic Assessment Test
SDN software-defined network
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
URL universal resource locator
YOLO you only look once
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implications of Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25488.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implications of Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25488.
×
Page 84
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implications of Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25488.
×
Page 85
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Implications of Artificial Intelligence for Cybersecurity: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25488.
×
Page 86
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In recent years, interest and progress in the area of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) have boomed, with new applications vigorously pursued across many sectors. At the same time, the computing and communications technologies on which we have come to rely present serious security concerns: cyberattacks have escalated in number, frequency, and impact, drawing increased attention to the vulnerabilities of cyber systems and the need to increase their security. In the face of this changing landscape, there is significant concern and interest among policymakers, security practitioners, technologists, researchers, and the public about the potential implications of AI and ML for cybersecurity.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop on March 12-13, 2019 to discuss and explore these concerns. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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