HAYDN WADLEY, Chair, is a university professor and the Edgar A. Starke Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. Dr. Wadley has very broad interests in materials science, mechanics, and thermal transport. His current research explores high-temperature thermal protection systems (thermal barrier coatings, liquid metal heat plates for hypersonic vehicle leading edges, jet blast deflectors) and new materials for the mitigation of high-intensity dynamic loads (ballistic and blast protection materials and structures). Dr. Wadley has addressed many fundamental questions associated with the atomic assembly of nanoscopic materials from the vapor phase, the topological structuring of cellular materials, and the processing of high-performance composites. These fundamental studies have been used to develop models and numerical simulations that reveal the linkages between a materials composition/synthesis and its performance. Some of these models have been coupled with in situ (ultrasonic and electromagnetic) sensors and nonlinear, feedback control algorithms to implement intelligent process control concepts. Dr. Wadley has invented and commercialized several vapor deposition technologies that enable the growth of novel thin films and coatings, and numerous multifunctional cellular materials including those that support stress while also serving as impact energy absorbers, heat exchange media, electrochemical power storage systems, or shape morphing structures. His research group has spun out two companies: one that develops novel coatings and another that manufactures high-performance cellular materials. He has
served on the Defense Science Board’s Summer Study, and is a current member of the Defense Materials, Manufacturing, and Infrastructure Committee and the National Materials and Manufacturing Board. Dr. Wadley has been a member of the Defense Science Research Council since 1998 and led studies on a wide variety of topics including jungle warfare technology, exploitation of space, counter ambush technologies, blast injury mitigation, novel concepts for protection from EFPs, compact power systems, electrotextiles, countermeasures to nontraditional threat agents, and technologies for stabilization, reconstruction, and humanitarian relief operations. He has published 448 papers, co-authored a book on cellular materials, holds 21 U.S. patents, and is a fellow of the American Society for Materials.
ROBERT HULL is the senior associate vice president for research; the director of the Center of Materials, Devices, and Integrated Systems; and the Henry Burlage Professor of Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Dr. Hull joined Rensselaer in 2008 as head of the Materials Science and Engineering Department. Prior to that, he spent about a decade at Bell Laboratories in the Physics Research Division, and 12 years at the University of Virginia (UVA), where he was the director of a National Science Foundation (NSF) Materials Research Science and Engineering Center and director of the UVA Institute for Nanoscale and Quantum Science. He received his Ph.D. in materials science from Oxford University in 1983. Dr. Hull is highly active in engineering and materials science societies and professional groups. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society (APS) and of the Materials Research Society (MRS), and in 1997 served as president of MRS. He has also chaired a Gordon Research Conference on thin films, and chaired the Committee of Visitors for the NSF’s Division of Materials Research. Within the realms of materials and nanoscience, Dr. Hull’s research focuses on the relationships between structure and property in electronic materials, fundamental mechanisms of thin film growth, and the self-assembly of nanoscale structures with applications to quantum devices. Other areas of interest include degradation modes in electronic and optoelectronic devices, the properties of dislocations in semiconductors, nanoscale fabrication techniques, nanoscale tomographic reconstruction techniques, development of new nanoelectronic architectures, and the theory and application of electron and ion beams.
WARD PLUMMER is a professor of physics and a special assistant to the Vice Chancellor for Research at Louisiana State University. Dr. Plummer worked as a postdoctoral student with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), was the William Smith Professor of Physics at the University of Pennsylvania, and also became the director of the Materials Research Laboratory in 1990. He was joint appointed to the University of Tennessee as a distinguished professor and to Oak Ridge National Laboratory as a distinguished scientist. Dr.
Plummer has served on many national and international committees both to review existing scientific programs and to identify future directions for science and technology. He has served as chair of the Department of Energy (DOE)sponsored “Workshop on Soft X-Ray Science in the Next Millennium: The Future of Photon-In/Photon-Out Experiments,” Pikeville, Tennessee, March 15-18, 2000. Dr. Plummer is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and was the chair of the DOE Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) subpanel for the evaluation of the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source at Argonne National Laboratory and the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center. He served as a member of the DOE BESAC from 2001 to 2007. Dr. Plummer chaired the Chinese Academy of Science Expert Assessment Committee of the Institute of Physics in Beijing in December 2013.
STEPHEN ROSSNAGEL is currently a visiting professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Virginia. Prior to that role, Dr. Rossnagel spent 35 years at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights. While at IBM, he was most recently in the quantum computing hardware group, focusing on qubit integration and fabrication, materials, and processes. Prior projects included a large effort on DNA nanopore devices and many years working on interconnect materials, device integration and fabrication, and nanometer-scale films and devices, including basic work on the size, effect, and development of novel sputtering technologies, several of which are in broad manufacturing usage at virtually all semiconductor manufacturers. Prior to IBM, he held a visiting scientist position at the Max Plank Institute in Garching and was on the faculty at Princeton University in the Plasma Physics program. Dr. Rossnagel has received the Peter Mark Award, the R. Bunshah Award, fellow and honorary member awards from the American Vacuum Society (AVS), along with internal IBM awards for I-PVD, silicides, and DNA technology. He has chaired the International Conference on Thin Films and the Annual Symposium of AVS, was a founder of the Atomic Layer Deposition Conference, and served as president and later treasurer of AVS. Dr. Rossnagel has published more than 150 manuscripts (45 percent first author, h-factor = 58) and six edited or authored books, was the series editor for two book series, and has been granted 154 U.S. and international patents.
SUSAN SINNOTT is a professor and department head of Materials Science and Engineering at Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Sinnott received her B.S. in chemistry from the University of Texas at Austin and her Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Iowa State University. She was a National Research Council Postdoctoral Associate at the Naval Research Laboratory and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining the University of Florida in 2000. Dr. Sinnott’s research is focused on the use of electronic structure calculations and atomistic
simulations to optimize the processing and properties of materials. Her research interests include examining the chemical modification of polymer surfaces through mass-selected ion-beam deposition, exploring the dynamics associated with the growth of thin films; developing new methodologies for the atomistic simulation of materials; using atomic-scale simulations to study the catalytic behavior of metal clusters; investigating the molecular origin of friction and wear at interfaces; and combining electronic structure and thermodynamic calculations to predict defect formation in metal oxides. Dr. Sinnott is the author of more than 160 technical publications, including more than 140 journal publications and eight book chapters; she has also delivered more than 120 invited presentations. She is a member of AVS, American Ceramic Society (ACerS), American Chemical Society (ACS), APS, MRS, and American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and was named a fellow of AVS in 2005. Dr. Sinnott was named a fellow of ACerS in 2011 and a fellow of AAAS in 2010.
EDWIN L. THOMAS is the William and Stephanie Sick Dean of the George R. Brown School of Engineering at Rice University. Dr. Thomas holds joint appointments in the departments of Materials Science and Nanoengineering and Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and collaborates with scientists and engineers in the Richard E. Smalley Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology at Rice. Dr. Thomas is a materials scientist and mechanical engineer and is passionate about promoting engineering leadership and student design competitions. His research is currently focused on using 2D and 3D lithography, direct-write and self-assembly techniques for creating metamaterials with unprecedented mechanical and thermal properties. Dr. Thomas is the former head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), a position he held from 2006 until his appointment at Rice in July 2011. He was named Morris Cohen Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in 1989 and is the founder and former director of the MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology (2002-2006). Before joining MIT, Dr. Thomas founded and served as co-director of the Institute for Interface Science and was head of the Department of Polymer Science and Engineering at the University of Massachusetts. He is a recipient of the 1991 High Polymer Physics Prize of the APS and the 1985 ACS Creative Polymer Chemist award. Dr. Thomas was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009, an Inaugural Fellow of the Materials Society in 2008, a fellow of AAAS in 2003, and a fellow of APS in 1986. He wrote the undergraduate textbook, The Structure of Materials, and has coauthored more than 420 papers and holds 16 patents. Thomas received a B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Massachusetts and his Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from Cornell University.
ELIAS TOWE is the Grobstein Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and professor of electrical and computer engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. Dr. Towe is also part of the Pittsburgh Quantum Institute. His group pursues research in basic optical and quantum phenomena in materials for applications in novel photonic devices that enable a new generation of information processing systems for communication, computation, and sensing. Dr. Towe’s current focus is on the use of phenomena (such as 3D quantum-confinement effects in nanometer-scale structures) in the study of novel devices. Examples include quantum-dot infrared detectors and imaging sensors, electrically pumped photonic crystal microcavity lasers with quantum-dot active regions, multispectral solar energy conversion devices, plasmonic biosensors, and fluorescence biosensing devices. Dr. Towe was educated at MIT, where he received the S.B., S.M, and Ph.D. degrees from the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, where he was also a Viton Hayes Fellow.
ALAN E. WILLNER is the Steven and Kathryn Sample Chaired Professor in Engineering in the Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering of the Viterbi School of Engineering at the University of Southern California. Dr. Willner has been a visiting professor at Columbia University, the University College London, and the Weizmann Institute of Science, and a visiting scholar at Yeshiva University. He is a member of the U.S. Army Science Board, was a member of the Defense Sciences Research Council (a 16-member body that provides reports to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency [DARPA] director and office directors), has served on many scientific advisory boards for small companies, and has advised several venture capital firms. Additionally, Dr. Willner was founder and CTO of Phaethon Communications. He received a Ph.D. (1988) in electrical engineering from Columbia University, as well as a B.A. (1982) in physics and an honorary degree (Honoris Causa, 2012) from Yeshiva University. Dr. Willner has received many awards, including member of the NAE, international fellow of the U.K. Royal Academy of Engineering, Presidential Faculty Fellows Award from the White House, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Eric E. Sumner Award, John Simon Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship, and David and Lucile Packard Foundation Fellowship in Science and Engineering. Dr. Willner has more than 1,300 publications, including one book, nine edited books, more than 35 U.S. patents, more than 39 keynotes/plenaries, more than 23 book chapters, more than 375 refereed journal papers, and more than 225 invited papers/presentations. His research is in optical technologies, including communications, signal processing, networks, and subsystems.
RUDY WOJTECKI graduated from Case Western Reserve University in 2013 with a Ph.D. in macromolecular science and engineering under the auspices of Stuart J.
Rowan (now at the University of Chicago) and the support of a NASA Graduate Student Research Program (GSRP) fellowship. Dr. Wojtecki joined IBM–Almaden Research Center after completion of his graduate work, as an engineer, and was promoted to research staff member in 2015. He is author of 23 peer-reviewed scientific publications, including a Nature Materials Review article with more than 800 citations. In 2017, he was recognized as an IBM Master Inventor for work highlighted in more than 100 patent and patent applications. Dr. Wojtecki’s current research efforts are geared to address the fabrication of superconducting qubits for quantum computers and ongoing challenges for lithographic materials used in the manufacturing of semiconductors. He recently completed the MIT professional certificate program in applications of quantum computing.
STANDING COMMITTEE ON DEFENSE MATERIALS, MANUFACTURING, AND INFRASTRUCTURE
HAYDN WADLEY, Chair. See the planning committee listing above.
DIANNE CHONG, Vice Chair, is the retired vice president of Materials Assembly, Factory, and Support Technology, an organization within Boeing Research and Technology, which is the company’s central research and development unit. Dr. Chong’s team provides materials and processes engineering and manufacturing support for Boeing, including the company’s two major business units: Boeing Commercial Airplanes and Boeing Defense, Space, and Security. Her team is responsible for providing nondestructive evaluation for programs such as the Boeing 787 Dreamliner. In addition, her organization researches and develops advanced assembly and integration concepts. Dr. Chong supports many professional societies and serves on several university boards and industry committees. She is a member of the NAE, the Metallurgical Society (TMS), AIAA, ASM International, SME, SWE, Beta Gamma Sigma, and Tau Beta Pi and is a commissioner to the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. In 2010, Dr. Chong was presented with the Asian-American Executive of the Year Award by the Chinese Institute of Engineers, USA. An expert in metallurgical engineering, she holds a Ph.D. and a master’s degree in metallurgical engineering, and bachelor’s degrees in biology and psychology from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Dr. Chong also holds of an executive master’s degree in manufacturing management from Washington University.
ROSARIO GERHARDT is the Goizueta Foundation Faculty Chair and a professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Prior to coming to Georgia Tech, Dr. Gerhardt worked as an assistant research professor at the Center for Ceramics Research at Rutgers University from 1986 to 1990, as a postdoctoral research
associate at Rutgers for 2 years, and at Columbia University in New York City for 1 year. She also worked as an ASEE/NASA faculty fellow at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, during the summer of 1995 and as a visiting professor at the Center for Nanomaterials Science (CNMS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory during the 2007-2008 academic year. Dr. Gerhardt’s research work has been funded by NSF, DOE, NASA, and various industrial companies. Dr. Gerhardt’s research focuses on determining structure–property–processing relationships in a wide range of materials. Most recently, her research group has focused on making and characterizing polymer and ceramic composites containing conducting and semiconducting nanofillers and on the synthesis and assembly of nanoparticles into thin films useful for use as transparent electrodes, solar cell components, microwave heatable inserts, conductive paper, and so on. Over the years, Dr. Gerhardt has worked with a variety of ceramic materials such as dielectric insulators, ionic conductors, and ceramic superconductors in bulk and thin film form, as well as with intrinsic conducting polymers. Her work also extends onto non-electronics-related materials such as fiber and particulate reinforced composites and metallic alloys that are used for wear applications and as components in the hot sections of gas turbine engines. Most of Dr. Gerhardt’s work has dealt with the electrical and microstructural characterization of materials using impedance and dielectric spectroscopy, resistivity measurements, and structural characterization via microscopic techniques such as optical, SEM, TEM and AFM, and X-ray and neutron scattering methods. Dr. Gerhardt is a fellow of the ACerS and a member of the Materials Research Society (MRS), the IEEE/Dielectrics Division and Instrument and Measurement Division, TMS, AAAS, the American Society for Non-Destructive Testing (ASNT), the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS), and the Microscopy Society of America (MSA). She is also a member of Sigma Xi, Keramos, and Tau Beta Pi. Dr. Gerhardt has been active as an executive officer of the Electronics Division of ACerS, having served as chair of that division during the 2000-2001 year and in other capacities since then.
ROBERT HULL. See the planning committee listing above.
ANGUS KINGON is the Barrett Hazeltine University Professor of Entrepreneurship and Organizational Studies at Brown University and a professor in the School of Engineering. Dr. Kingon has held these positions since 2008. He is also the academic director of the IE Brown Executive MBA and the co-director of the Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship Program. Before joining Brown, Dr. Kingon was a professor in the Department of Material Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University and the executive director of Technology Commercialization Programs at the College of Management. Dr. Kingon has authored or co-authored more than 300 refereed papers and has had 15 patents granted in 13 countries.
CARLOS LEVI is Mehrabian Distinguished Professor of Materials and Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he has been on the faculty since 1984. Dr. Levi holds Ph.D. (1981) and M.Sc. (1977) degrees in metallurgical engineering from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, as well as a degree in chemical engineering from the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Leon, México (1972). The overarching theme of his research is the understanding of the microstructure of materials and its evolution during processing and service, with emphasis on the performance and durability of structural materials at high temperature and in severe environments. Dr. Levi’s expertise in materials processing includes physical vapor deposition, powder processing and solidification technologies, fabrication processes for inorganic composites, and synthesis of inorganics from precursors. His research is currently funded by NSF, Office of Naval Research (ONR), Pratt & Whitney, the IHI Corporation, Honeywell Aerospace, and Siemens Corporate Technology. Dr. Levi has had extensive industrial interactions with various companies, including GE Research, GE Aviation, and Applied Materials, and those organizations currently funding his work. He is a fellow of ACerS (2012) and has received the 2014 Morris Cohen Award from TMS, 1982 Howe Medal and 1989 Grossman Awards from ASM International, 2002 Humboldt Forschungspreis, 2004 DLR Wissenschaftspreis, and 2008 NIMS Award. Dr. Levi is a member of ACerS, ASM International, MRS, and TMS, where he currently serves on the Committee on Public and Governmental Relations and one of the award subcommittees. He has served on the board of Review of Metallurgical and Materials Transactions and the editorial board of Materials Science and Engineering. Dr. Levi has served on the Arconic Power and Propulsion Technology Advisory Board, and as a consultant for Pratt & Whitney, GE Research, GE Aviation, and various other organizations.
WARD PLUMMER. See the planning committee listing above.
ROBERT POHANKA is the retired director of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (NNCO). Dr. Pohanka was previously the director of the Defense Venture Catalyst Initiative (DeVenCI), where he led and directed the strategy for finding private-sector technologies, developed independently of DoD, and transitioned them to DoD Research, Development, and Acquisition. Prior to leading the DeVenCI program, Dr. Pohanka served as the head of the Materials and Physical Sciences Department at ONR. In this capacity, he was responsible for leading and directing the strategy for planning and executing a broad range of science and technology investments, from basic physics and chemistry at the nanometer scale to engineering solutions for aircraft carriers. During this period, Dr. Pohanka also served as director for the Materials Science and Technology Division and as director for the Ship, Hull, Mechanical, and Electrical Division. Dr. Pohanka’s prior ONR
assignments include director, Materials Science and Technology Division; program manager; and scientific officer. Prior to his assignments at ONR, Dr. Pohanka served as a research engineer at the Naval Research Laboratory and as head, Piezoelectric Materials Section. Dr. Pohanka is a recipient of the U.S.–Japan Electroceramic Bridge Building Award (2005), presented the E.F. Osborn Memorial Lecture (2001), and was selected as a Senior Executive Service Meritorious Executive (2000) and Centennial Fellow of The Pennsylvania State University (1996). He is a fellow of ACerS and a life member of APS. Dr. Pohanka has chaired international symposia for ACerS, IEEE, SPIE, and MRS.
SUBHASH SINGHAL is a Battelle Fellow and fuel cell director at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Dr. Singhal also serves as adjunct professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Utah. Dr. Singhal is a recognized expert in solid oxide fuel cells. He provides senior technical, managerial, and commercialization leadership to PNNL’s fuel cell program. He joined PNNL in 2000 after nearly 30 years leading fuel cell development at Siemens Power Generation (formerly Westinghouse Electric Corporation). Dr. Singhal is a member of the NAE and a fellow of four professional societies: AAAS, ACerS, ASM International, and Electrochemical Society. He has authored and edited numerous scientific publications and acquired many patents. Dr. Singhal received a bachelor’s degree in metallurgy from the Indian Institute of Science; a bachelor’s degree in physics, chemistry, and mathematics from Agra University, India; an M.B.A. from the University of Pittsburgh; and a Ph.D. in materials science engineering from the University of Pennsylvania.
SUSAN SINNOTT. See the planning committee listing above.
LEWIS SLOTER is currently an independent consultant in the engineering space. Dr. Sloter worked with DoD as the associate director, Materials and Structures, for 20 years, until 2016. In this role, he was responsible for the technical oversight of DoD science and technology activities in materials, processes, and structures associated with current and future defense systems, and for technical assessments associated with materials manufacturing and engineering applications. He was executive secretary of the White House Committee on National Security, and member and chair of the White House Nanotechnology Subcommittee, among other National Science and Technology Council assignments. Dr. Sloter served as a program officer in ONR, with cognizance for all U.S. Navy applied research in materials technology. In this capacity, he oversaw the management of materials programs in airborne materials, seaborne materials, missile/space materials, propulsion materials, and shore facilities materials. Dr. Sloter served as a materials engineer, aerospace engineer, and supervisor at the Naval Air Systems Command. Prior to government service, he was a materials
engineer/senior specialist at LTV Aerospace and Defense Corporation. Dr. Sloter twice received the DoD Exceptional Civilian Service Award and is a member of several professional and honor societies, including Alpha Sigma Mu, Phi Kappa Phi, Sigma Xi, ASM, TMS, and the American Society for Testing and Materials, in which he is a member of Committees E30 Forensic Sciences, E58 Forensic Engineering, and F04 Medical Devices. Dr. Sloter has a B.S. in metallurgy and materials science and history and a Ph.D. in metallurgy and materials science and engineering and public policy from Carnegie Mellon University and an M.S. in materials engineering from Drexel University. He has published and lectured in biomedical materials, welding metallurgy, armor, military aircraft, forensic engineering, and materials policy. Dr. Sloter is a registered professional engineer in Texas.
KATHY STEVENS is an independent aerospace materials professional. Dr. Stevens was previously the general manager of the Materials and Processes Engineering Department at General Electric, and also the director of the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (AFB), Ohio. She was responsible for planning and executing the U.S. Air Force’s advanced materials, processes, and manufacturing technology programs to support all elements of U.S. Air Force acquisition and sustainment. Dr. Stevens was also responsible for interfacing these areas throughout the corporate U.S. Air Force and Department of Defense. She oversaw an annual budget of more than $450 million and directed the activities of approximately 1,200 scientists, engineers, and support personnel at five different geographic locations. Dr. Stevens began her career with the U.S. Air Force in 1979 at the Air Force Materials Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, researching high-temperature materials for advanced turbine engine applications. During her more than 20 years developing, transitioning, and consulting on materials and manufacturing, she worked on a number of key materials and processes, primarily for advanced and legacy turbine engines, including those powering the F-22 and F-35. Dr. Stevens later influenced a much broader array of materials and processes developments and applications from key Materials and Manufacturing Directorate leadership positions. After serving as the director of plans and programs at the Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards Air Force Base, California, she moved to the Department of the Navy in 2006 to assume the position of the Director of Aerospace Science Research at ONR. There she was the senior focal point for science and technology related to naval aviation and oversaw a broad portfolio of basic and applied research. This included the areas of air vehicles and propulsion, aerodynamics, aircraft structures, gas turbine engines, control systems, and ship- or air-launched weapons. She was appointed to the Senior Executive Service in October 2006.
EDWIN L. THOMAS. See the planning committee listing above.
SPEAKERS AND PANELISTS
DAVID AWSCHALOM, professor at the University of Chicago, received his B.Sc. in physics from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and his Ph.D. in experimental physics from Cornell University. Dr. Awschalom was a research staff member and manager of the Nonequilibrium Physics Department at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York. In 1991, he joined the University of California, Santa Barbara, as a professor of physics, and in 2001 was additionally appointed as a professor of electrical and computer engineering. Prior to joining IME, he served as the Peter J. Clarke Professor and director of the California NanoSystems Institute, and director of the Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation. Dr. Awschalom received the APS Oliver E. Buckley Prize and Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize, the European Physical Society Europhysics Prize, the MRS David Turnbull Award and Outstanding Investigator Prize, the AAAS Newcomb Cleveland Prize, the International Magnetism Prize and the Néel Medal from the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, and an IBM Outstanding Innovation Award. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the NAS, the NAE, and the European Academy of Sciences. Dr. Awschalom’s group explores optical and magnetic interactions in semiconductor quantum structures, spin dynamics and coherence in condensed matter systems, macroscopic quantum phenomena in nanometer-scale magnets, and implementations of quantum information processing in the solid state. He developed a variety of femtosecond-resolved spatiotemporal spectroscopies and micromagnetic sensing techniques aimed at exploring charge and spin motion in the quantum domain. These measurements resulted in the discovery of robust electron spin coherence, transport of coherent states, and the spin Hall effect in semiconductors.
GREG BOEBINGER, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, received bachelor’s degrees in physics, electrical engineering, and philosophy in 1981 from Purdue University. With a Churchill Scholarship, he traveled to the University of Cambridge for 1 year of research under Professor Sir Richard Friend, studying one-dimensional organic superconductors. Dr. Boebinger received his Ph.D. in physics in 1986 from MIT, where he held Compton and Hertz Foundation Fellowships. His thesis research utilized high magnetic fields and ultra-low temperatures to study the fractional quantum Hall effect with Nobel Laureates Horst Stormer and Dan Tsui. Dr. Boebinger then spent 1 year as a NATO postdoctoral fellow in Paris at the École Normale Supérieure. In 1987, he joined Bell Laboratories, where he studied correlated electron systems, including high-temperature superconductors, using pulsed magnetic fields. In 1998, Dr. Boebinger moved to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to head the National MagLab’s Pulsed Field Facility. In 2004, he moved to Florida State University (FSU) to become director of the MagLab, with
responsibility for all three campuses: FSU, LANL, and the University of Florida. Dr. Boebinger is also a professor of physics at FSU and UF. He is a fellow of APS, AAAS, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
JOSEPH BROZ leads SRI’s Advanced Technology and Systems Division (ATSD) in government business development and technical and business strategy. Mr. Broz brings 35 years of experience in both the public and private sectors to this role—including an extensive background in corporate business development and deep subject matter expertise in solid-state physics, quantum systems, electromagnetics, micromagnetics, nuclear magnetic resonance, countering weapons of mass destruction and the C4ISR mission space. Mr. Broz has worked closely with state governors and national laboratories on renewable energy and economic development issues, and he has significant experience with projects for the Department of Defense and the Department of Homeland Security. Before joining SRI, Mr. Broz served as the laboratory director for Tenneco (Oil and Gas), a Fortune 100 company, and as vice president of laboratories and business development for TI-MET, the world’s largest titanium company. In 2000, he founded Defense Capital Advisors, a technical consulting firm, and joined the Spectrum Group, where his clients included SRI, MRI, Battelle, ORTEC, Target Stores (Dayton-Hudson), Janus Funds, Marsico Fund, and the State of Colorado. Mr. Broz joined SRI full time in 2014 after 14 years of consulting service. As a member of the Homeland Security Standards Panel of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), Mr. Broz consulted for the 9/11 Commission during its deliberations on recommendations for private sector preparedness. He has participated in a number of international commissions and boards regulating industrial standards, including the ISO, and is a technical advisor to several ANSI standards working groups and committees. Mr. Broz served as a White House fellow, as a special assistant to the Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and as special assistant to Allan Bromley, Science Advisor to President George H.W. Bush. Additionally, he served as the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies British-American fellow and as a senior fellow for the University of Chicago, NORC.
JERRY CHOW is a physicist who conducts research in quantum information processing. Dr. Chow has worked as the manager of the Experimental Quantum Computing group at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York, since 2014 and is the primary investigator of the IBM team for the IARPA Multi-Qubit Coherent Operations and Logical Qubits programs. After graduating magna cum laude with a B.A. in physics and M.S. in applied mathematics from Harvard University, Dr. Chow went on to earn his Ph.D. in 2010 under Robert J. Schoelkopf at Yale University. While at Yale, he participated in experiments in which superconducting qubits were coupled via a cavity bus for the first time
and 2-qubit algorithms were executed on a superconducting quantum processor. Dr. Chow’s work at IBM has led to the publication of findings related to the characterization of a universal set of all-microwave gates that can be executed on two transmon qubits, as well as the implementation of a subsection of a surface code fault-tolerant superconducting quantum computing architecture. His leadership at IBM has led to progress being made in quantum error correction and quantum machine learning, as well as the release of the cloud-based IBM Quantum Experience.
JULIET GOPINATH is an associate professor, Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering (ECEE); associate professor, Physics; and faculty director, College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Colorado, Boulder. Dr. Gopinath’s research is at the intersection of electrical engineering, physics, and materials science, with a focus on lasers and optical devices. She studies novel materials and devices with cw and short-pulse lasers to characterize their linear and nonlinear properties. Devices are fabricated with exotic materials for nonlinearity enhancement (chalcogenides) as well as adaptive optics (electrowetting lenses and prisms). Dr. Gopinath is also very interested in laser development, which is tied very closely to materials research. In particular, she is developing laser sources for the mid-infrared region targeted at sensing, communications, and imaging applications. Additionally, she is studying alternative ways to create short-pulse lasers while circumventing nonlinear effects that prevent power scaling.
SAIKAT GUHA is an associate professor of optical sciences, University of Arizona. Dr. Guha’s background lies at the intersection of information theory and quantum optics. At the high level, her research interests lie in investigating fundamental quantum limits of photonic information processing with applications to optical communications, imaging, sensing, and computation. Dr. Guha is interested in investigating structured realizations of optical systems whose performance can approach these fundamental limits. She is also interested in network information and communication theory, and applications of ideas therein to developing scalable realizations of photonic quantum computing and a quantum communication network.
PAT GUMANN is manager of Quantum Processor and System Integration, Quantum Computing at IBM Research. Dr. Gumann received his Ph.D. in experimental physics from Darmstadt University of Technology in Germany, in 2007. He has worked at various research facilities over his career, including Leiden University in the Netherlands, the Institute for Solid State Physics at the University of Tokyo, the Low Temperature Laboratory at Kyoto University, Rutgers University, The Institute for Quantum Computing at the University of Waterloo in Canada, and the Department of Physics at Harvard University. Dr. Gumann’s research focus has
ranged from quantum fluids and solids, quantum sensing (including nitrogen-vacancy defects in diamonds and phosphorus defects in silicon), to experimental superconducting quantum computing—which he has been pursuing at IBM since 2016, where he is a team lead for quantum system integration and cryogenics.
PHILIP HEMMER is professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University. Dr. Hemmer’s research areas are in solid materials for quantum optics, especially “dark resonance” excitation, materials and techniques for resonant nonlinear optics, phase-conjugate-based turbulence aberration and compensation, spectral hole burning materials and techniques for ultra-dense memories and high-temperature operation, quantum computing in solid materials, quantum communication and teleportation in trapped atoms, holographic optical memory materials, smart pixels devices, optical correlators, photorefractive applications, atomic clocks, and laser trapping and cooling.
PREM KUMAR is the SBC Professor of Information Technology in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and director of the Center for Photonic Communication and Computing in the McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science at Northwestern University. Dr. Kumar also holds an appointment as professor of physics and astronomy in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern University. He joined Northwestern in 1986 after spending 5 years at MIT as a research scientist. Dr. Kumar received a Ph.D. in physics from the State University of New York, Buffalo, in 1980. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 publications, including 115 papers in peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Kumar’s research focuses on the development of novel fiber-optic devices for ultrahigh-speed optical and quantum communication networks. His current research is funded by NSF, DARPA, the Army Research Office (ARO), and ONR. Dr. Kumar is a fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA), a fellow of APS, a fellow of IEEE, and a fellow of the Institute of Physics (IoP). He is also a member of AAAS. Dr. Kumar is the founder of NuCrypt LLC, a start-up company focusing on the commercialization of quantum encryption technology for securing the physical layer of fiber-optic networks. He is also an advisory board member for Baird Venture Partners in Chicago. During the 2000-2003 period, he served as a scientific advisor to Santel Networks in Newark, California.
PAUL KWIAT is a professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, College of Engineering. Dr. Kwiat received his Ph.D from the University of California, Berkeley (1993), where his dissertation was on nonclassical effects from spontaneous parametric down-conversion. After 2 years as a Lise Meitner fellow with the quantum optics group of Professor Anton Zeilinger (at the University of Innsbruck, Austria), he went to LANL as an Oppenheimer Fellow, and in 1998 he became a
technical staff member in the Neutron Science and Technology group of the Physics Division. Dr. Kwiat has given invited talks at numerous national and international conferences and has authored more than 100 articles on various topics in quantum optics and quantum information, including several review articles. He is a fellow of the Optical Society of America and APS and an expert panel member for both the Quantum Computation and Quantum Cryptography Roadmaps. In 1998, Dr. Kwiat was awarded the LANL Fellows Prize for his work on optical studies of quantum information. He has done pioneering research on the phenomena of quantum interrogation, quantum erasure, and optical implementations of quantum information protocols. Dr. Kwiat is a primary inventor of the world’s first two sources of polarization-entangled photons from down-conversion, which have been used for quantum cryptography, dense-coding, quantum teleportation, entanglement distillation, and most recently, optical quantum gates. In January 2001, he joined the physics faculty as the second Bardeen Chair.
MICHAEL LIEHR is executive vice president of Technology and Innovation. Dr. Liehr oversees SUNY Poly’s technical economic development efforts and leads the American Institute for Manufacturing Integrated Photonics (AIM Photonics). Dr. Liehr is also responsible for the growth of government–academic–industry partnerships via utilization and expanded use of the institution’s world-class R&D facilities and by engaging current and future industry partners. He is responsible for the effective and efficient operation of AIM’s programs, including SUNY Poly’s strategic 300 mm integrated photonic semiconductor and 3D packaging. Prior to this assignment, Dr. Liehr led the Global 450 mm Consortium through the start-up phase as the general manager and was an IBM Distinguished Engineer.
CHRISTOPHER MONROE is a quantum physicist who specializes in the isolation of individual atoms for applications in quantum information science. After graduating from MIT, Dr. Monroe earned his Ph.D. in physics in 1992 from the University of Colorado, under Carl Wieman and Eric Cornell, where he paved the way toward the achievement of Bose–Einstein condensation. From 1992-2000, he was a postdoctorate and then staff physicist at NIST, in the group of David Wineland. With Wineland, Monroe led the team that demonstrated the first quantum logic gate in 1995, and exploited the use of trapped atoms for the first controllable qubit demonstrations. In 2000, Dr. Monroe became professor of physics and electrical engineering at the University of Michigan, where he pioneered the use of single photons to couple quantum information between atoms and also demonstrated the first electromagnetic atom trap integrated on a semiconductor chip. From 2006 to 2007, Dr. Monroe was the director of the NSF Ultrafast Optics Center at the University of Michigan. In 2007, he became the Bice Zorn Professor of Physics at the University of Maryland and a fellow of the Joint Quantum Institute. In 2008,
Dr. Monroe’s group succeeded in producing quantum entanglement between two widely separated atoms and for the first time teleported quantum information between matter separated by a large distance. Since 2009, his group has investigated the use of ultrafast laser pulses for speedy quantum entanglement operations, has pioneered the use of trapped ions for quantum simulations of many-body models related to quantum magnetism, and has proposed and made the first steps toward a scalable, reconfigurable, and modular quantum computer.
WILLIAM OLIVER is jointly appointed a Lincoln Laboratory Fellow in the Advanced Technology Division and a Professor of the Practice in the MIT Physics Department. He also serves as the associate director of the MIT Research Laboratory of Electronics. Dr. Oliver works with the Quantum Information and Integrated Nanosystems Group at Lincoln Laboratory and the Engineering Quantum Systems Group at MIT, where he provides programmatic and technical leadership for programs related to the development of quantum and classical high-performance computing technologies for quantum information science applications. His interests include the materials growth, fabrication, design, and measurement of superconducting qubits, as well as the development of cryogenic packaging and control electronics involving cryogenic CMOS and single-flux quantum digital logic. Dr. Oliver has published more than 60 journal articles and seven book chapters, is an active seminar lecturer, and is the inventor or co-inventor on several patents. He has supervised and participated on the dissertation committees for several undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and habilitation candidates. Dr. Oliver is a fellow of the APS, serves on the U.S. Committee for Superconducting Electronics, is an IEEE Superconductivity Conference (ASC) Board Member, and is a member of IEEE, the APS, Sigma Xi, Phi Beta Kappa, and Tau Beta Pi. In 2013, he was a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science visiting researcher at the University of Tokyo. Dr. Oliver received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University, an S.M. degree in electrical engineering and computer science from MIT, and a B.S. degree in electrical engineering and B.A. degree in Japanese from the University of Rochester, New York.
RAVI PILLARISETTY is senior device engineer at Intel. Dr. Pillarisetty received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Princeton University in 2005. He holds more than 100 patent and patent applications for work while at Intel ranging from materials for CMOS to quantum dots. Dr. Pillarisetty continues to make intellectual contributions to the scientific literature, while prolifically patenting. For instance, a 2011 Nature article on progress in germanium nanodevices stands at 260 citations, and he actively presents at the APS.
NITIN SAMARTH is currently the George A. and Margaret M. Downsbrough Department Head and professor of physics in the Eberly College of Science, Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Samarth obtained his undergraduate degree in physics from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in 1980 and his Ph.D. in physics from Purdue University in 1986. Dr. Samarth’s research interests center on spintronic phenomena in thin films and nanostructures derived from semiconductors, magnetic materials, and superconductors. He has pioneered the synthesis of a variety of materials in this context, resulting in key advances in semiconductor spintronics and, more recently, topological spintronics. Dr. Samarth’s research is published in more than 200 articles and has more than 13,000 citations (GoogleScholar). He is a fellow of the APS (2003) and fellow of the AAAS (2013). He received an Outstanding Physics Alumnus Award from Purdue University (2008). At Penn State, he was awarded the Faculty Scholar Medal in the Physical Sciences (2008) and the George W. Atherton Award for Teaching Excellence (2007).
ALEXANDER SERGIENKO, Boston University, focuses on everything quantum, ranging from quantum physics to quantum engineering to quantum technology. More specifically, Dr. Sergienko research focuses on quantum information, quantum communication and cryptography, quantum networking, and linear-optical quantum computing. In addition, he looks at quantum information manipulation in high-dimensional Hilbert spaces by coding, manipulating, and detecting large information clusters using group theory and topological structures. Furthermore, he looks at quantum information processing, using simple quantum circuits to simulate behavior of more complicated physical systems. Dr. Sergienko’s research also includes ultra-precise optical measurement in science and technology (quantum metrology) and characterization of biological, organic, polymer, and semiconductor structures.
IRFAN SIDDIQI received his A.B. (1997) in chemistry and physics from Harvard University. Dr. Siddiqi then went on to receive a Ph.D. (2002) in applied physics from Yale University, where he stayed as a postdoctoral researcher until 2005. He joined the Physics Department at the University of California, Berkeley, in the summer of 2006. In 2006, Dr. Siddiqi was awarded the George E. Valley, Jr., Prize by the APS for the development of the Josephson bifurcation amplifier. In 2007, he was awarded the ONR Young Investigator Award, the Hellman Family Faculty Fund, and the University of California, Berkeley, Chancellor’s Partnership Faculty Fund.
MOHAMMAD SOLTANI, Raytheon Technologies, holds a Ph.D. in optics and photonics, Georgia Institute of Technology, with postdoctoral training at the Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, Cornell University. At Raytheon, Dr. Soltani leads integrated nanophotonic research for classical and quantum applications in communications, microwave and radio signal processing, and sensing and imaging.