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The Vital Federal Role in Meeting the Highway Innovation Imperative (2019)

Chapter: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. The Vital Federal Role in Meeting the Highway Innovation Imperative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25511.
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Page 12
Page 13
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. The Vital Federal Role in Meeting the Highway Innovation Imperative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25511.
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Page 13

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xi PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs Acronyms and Abbreviations 5G fifth generation cellular network technology AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACM alternative contracting method AID Accelerated Innovation Deployment AIDPT Accelerated Implementation and Deployment of Pavement Technology ASR Alkali-Silica Reactivity ATCMTD Advanced Transportation Congestion Management Technologies Deployment AV automated vehicle BSM basic safety message CAV connected and automated vehicle CMF crash modification factor CV connected vehicle C-V2X cellular vehicle to everything communications DOE U.S. Department of Energy DSRC dedicated short range communications EAR Exploratory Advanced Research Program EC European Commission EDC Every Day Counts Program FAF Freight Analysis Framework FAST Act Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (P.L. 114-94) FCC Federal Communications Commission FHWA Federal Highway Administration GHG greenhouse gas HRD Highway Research and Development Program IPD Innovative Program Delivery ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems JPO Joint Program Office K–12 kindergarten through 12th grade LTAP Local Technical Assistance Program LTBP Long-Term Bridge Performance program LTE Long Term Evolution (LTE is a fourth generation communications standard developed by the Third Generation Communications Project) LTPP Long-Term Pavement Performance program MAP-21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (P.L. 112-141) MPO metropolitan planning organization

xii PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NCTA Internet and Television Association NDE non-destructive evaluation NHI National Highway Institute NHS National Highway System NHTS National Household Travel Survey NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NSF National Science Foundation OMB Office of Management and Budget OST-R Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology R&D research and development RD&T research, development, and technology RIP Research in Progress RUC road user charge SBIR Small Business Innovation Research SCMS Security Credentials Management System SP&R State Planning and Research STIC State Transportation Innovation Council STSFA Surface Transportation System Funding Alternatives TFHRC Turner Fairbank Highway Research Center TIDP Technology and Innovation Deployment Program TPM Transportation Performance Management TRB Transportation Research Board TRL technology readiness level TTAP Tribal Technical Assistance Program UHPC ultra-high performance concrete USDOT U.S. Department of Transportation UTC University Transportation Centers V2I vehicle-to-infrastructure communications V2V vehicle-to-vehicle communications V2X vehicle-to-everything communications

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TRB Special Report 331 concludes that with sustained and adequate funding and modest improvements in research, development, and technology (RD&T), the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office (ITS JPO) will continue to serve and advance the national interest and international competitiveness well into the future.

TRB’s Research and Technology Coordinating Committee, which produced the report, believes that rapidly advancing technology, new mobility services, increased urbanization, and the growing frequency of severe weather events are changing highway transportation in fundamental ways.

FHWA and ITS JPO RD&T programs, as required by Congress, are addressing a number of critical gaps not covered by other programs. And they are conducting nationally significant research, but there are compelling policy and operational issues that could justify even greater levels of RD&T investment by the two programs. Detailed future RT&D suggestions are outlined in this report, touching on a variety of issues that include autonomous-vehicle technology, energy and sustainability, growing and changing populations, resilience, goods movement, safety, and equity.

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