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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Disclosure of Conflict(s) of Interest." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25542.
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B Disclosure of Conflict(s) of Interest The conflict-of-interest policy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine ( prohibits the appointment of an individual to a committee like the one that authored this Consensus Study Report if the individual has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the task to be performed. An exception to this prohibition is permitted only if the National Academies determine that the conflict is unavoidable and the conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed. When the committee that authored this report was established a determination of whether there was a conflict of interest was made for each committee member given the individual’s circumstances and the task being undertaken by the committee. A determination that an individual has a conflict of interest is not an assessment of that individual’s actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest. Mr. Gary Rogers was determined to have a conflict of interest because the firm of which he was CEO, FEV, has consulting relationships with makers of medium- and heavy-duty truck engines. Beginning in 2013, Mr. Rogers became Vice President of Roush, which provides engineering services to manufacturers of medium- and heavy-duty engines, electric powertrains, and medium- and heavy- duty commercial vehicles. Mr. Dan Hancock was determined to have a conflict of interest because he owns stock in General Motors Corporation, which makes pickup trucks and medium-duty truck engines. Beginning in 2017, Mr. Hancock was elected to the board of Westport Fuel Systems, which develops and supplies components and systems for natural gas fueling of light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles. Ms. Christine Vujovich was determined to have a conflict of interest because she owns stock in Cummins Inc., a maker of medium- and heavy-duty truck engines. The National Academies determined that the experience and expertise of the above individuals was needed for the committee to accomplish the task for which it was established. The National Academies could not find other available individuals with the equivalent experience and expertise who did not have a conflict of interest. Therefore, the National Academies concluded that the above conflicts were unavoidable and publicly disclosed them through the National Academies Projects & Activities Repository (NAPAR) ( Prepublication Copy – Subject to Further Editorial Correction B-1

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Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: Final Report Get This Book
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Medium- and heavy-duty trucks, motor coaches, and transit buses - collectively, "medium- and heavy-duty vehicles", or MHDVs - are used in every sector of the economy. The fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of MHDVs have become a focus of legislative and regulatory action in the past few years. This study is a follow-on to the National Research Council's 2010 report, Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium-and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. That report provided a series of findings and recommendations on the development of regulations for reducing fuel consumption of MHDVs.

On September 15, 2011, NHTSA and EPA finalized joint Phase I rules to establish a comprehensive Heavy-Duty National Program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and fuel consumption for on-road medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. As NHTSA and EPA began working on a second round of standards, the National Academies issued another report, Reducing the Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: First Report, providing recommendations for the Phase II standards. This third and final report focuses on a possible third phase of regulations to be promulgated by these agencies in the next decade.

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