National Academies Press: OpenBook

A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies (2020)

Chapter: Appendix C - Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms

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Page 340
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25557.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25557.
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Page 341
Page 342
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25557.
×
Page 342
Page 343
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25557.
×
Page 343
Page 344
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25557.
×
Page 344

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340 4-Cs: Of TIM: communication, cooperation, coordination, and consensus (in some places, commitment replaces consensus. Also, sometimes referred to as only three, omitting the last C, and some have even suggested five, adding compromise) 9/11: September 11, 2001 24/7: Continuous 24 hours per day, 7 days per week operation of some function, such as a TMC, generally for 365 days per year unless otherwise specified; non-full-time operations may be expressed similarly, such as 16/5 for weekday prime travel period A-CERT: Airport Community Emergency Response Team AAR: After Action Report APWA: American Public Works Association ATIS: Advanced Traveler Information Systems AVL: Automated Vehicle Location BYOD: Bring Your Own Device CAD: Computer-Aided Dispatch Caltrans: California Department of Transportation CAP: Corrective Action Plan CAPTA: Costing Asset Protection (An All-Hazards Guide for) Transportation Agencies CAPTool: CAPTA (software) Tool CBO: Community-Based Organization CBRNE: Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive (threats) CCP: Common Communications Plan CCTV: Closed-Circuit Television CDOT: Colorado Department of Transportation CEMP: Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan (another name used for EOP) CEO: Chief Executive Officer CERT: Community Emergency Response Team CERT: Computer Emergency Readiness Team CERT: Cyber Emergency Response Team CI/KR: Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources COG: Continuity of Government ConOps: Concept of Operation COOP: Continuity of Operations Plan CPG: Comprehensive Preparedness Guide CRS: Congressional Research Service CSF: Cybersecurity Framework CSRC: Computer Security Resource Center (of NIST) A P P E N D I X C Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms

Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms 341 CTST: Community/Corridor Traffic Safety Teams DCS: Distributed Control Systems DEM: Department of Emergency Management DEP: Department of Environmental Protection DIETT: Disruption Impact Estimating Tool—Transportation DLE: Department of Law Enforcement DMS: Dynamic (also called Changeable or Variable) Message Sign DOD: Department of Defense (U.S.) DOI: Department of the Interior (U.S.) DOT: Department of Transportation (U.S.) DVRPC: Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission EAS: Emergency Advisory System ECC: Emergency Communications Center, also called Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) EDO: Emergency Duty Officer EEG: Exercise Evaluation Guide EM: Emergency Management EMA: Emergency Management Agency EMAC: Emergency Management Assistance Compact EMAP: Emergency Management Accreditation Program EMI: Emergency Management Institute (of FEMA) EMPG: Emergency Management Performance Grant (Program) EMPP: Emergency Management Professional Program EMS: Emergency Medical Services EOC: Emergency Operations Center [may be state (SEOC) or regional/local (LEOC)] EOP: Emergency Operations Plan EPA: Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. and state) EPC: Emergency Planning Coordinator EPZ: Emergency Planning Zone ER: Emergency Response ESF: Emergency Support Function ETO: Emergency Transportation Operations FAH: Federal Aid Highway FAST Act: Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation FBO: Faith-Based Organization FC: Fusion Center FDOT: Florida Department of Transportation FE: Functional Exercise FEMA: Federal Emergency Management Agency (of DHS) FIA: Federal Insurance Administration FOG: Field Operations Guide FSE: Full-Scale Exercise GAO: Government Accountability Office GDE: Governor-Declared Emergency HAR: Highway Advisory Radio HAZMAT: Hazardous Materials HEIED: Hand-Emplaced Improvised Explosive Device HS: Homeland Security HSAS: Homeland Security Advisory System HSEEP: Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program

342 A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies HSOC: Homeland Security Operations Center HSPD: Homeland Security Presidential Directive IAP: Incident Action Plan IC3: Internet Crime Complaint Center (I)CP: (Incident) Command Post ICS: Incident Command System ICS-CERT: Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team ID: Identification (card or other) IGEMS: Interior Geospatial Emergency Management System IP: Improvement Plan IRGC: International Risk Governance Council IRP: Incident Response Patrol ISAC: Information Sharing and Analysis Center I-STEP: Intermodal Security Training and Exercise Program ITS: Intelligent Transportation Systems JFO: Joint Field Office JIC: Joint Information Center JIS: Joint Information System LEOP: Local Emergency Operations Plan (county, region, etc.) LEPC: Local Emergency Planning Committee LIDAR: Light Detection and Ranging LLIS: Lessons Learned Information Sharing (DHS Website) LRFD: Load and Resistance Factor Design LTAP: Local Technical Assistance Program M&O: Management and Operations (in this context, Operations and Maintenance are both included in the “O” here) MAC(S): Multiagency Coordination (System) (of NIMS) MAP-21: Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (Act) MBTA: Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority MCEER: Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research MOA: Memorandum of Agreement MOT: Maintenance of Traffic MOU/A: Memorandum of Understanding/Agreement MPO: Metropolitan Planning Organization MSEL: Master Scenario Events List MUTCD: Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways NADO: National Association of Development Organizations NAS: National Academy of Sciences NCCoE: National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence NDRF: National Disaster Recovery Framework NEMA: National Emergency Management Association NEP: National Exercise Program NFIP: National Flood Insurance Program NFPA: National Fire Protection Association NGO: Nongovernmental Organization NHI: National Highway Institute (of FHWA) NHTSA: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NIAC: National Infrastructure Advisory Council NIC: National Integration Center (the Incident Management Systems Integration Division of FEMA) NIMS: National Incident Management System

Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms 343 NIMSCAST: NIMS Capability Assessment Support Tool NIPP: National Infrastructure Protection Plan NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology NMF: National Mitigation Framework NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOC: National Operations Center (of the U.S. Department of Justice) NOCoE: National Operations Center of Excellence NOFO: Notice of Funding Opportunity NPG: National Preparedness Goal, or National Preparedness Guidelines NPS: National Preparedness System NPS: National Planning Scenarios NRF: National Response Framework NRP: National Response Plan (replaced by the NRF) NTAS: National Terrorism Advisory System NTIMC: National Traffic Incident Management Coalition NUG: National Unified Goal (for Traffic Incident Management) NVD: National Vulnerability Database NWS: National Weather Service NYSDOT: New York State Department of Transportation O&M: Operations and Maintenance OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSSPAC: Oregon Seismic Safety Policy Advisory Commission PIARC: Permanent International Association of Road Congresses (World Road Association) PIO: Public Information Officer PLC: Programmable Logic Controllers PPD: Presidential Policy Directive PPE: Personal Protective Equipment PSAP: Public Safety Answering Point, also called Emergency Communication Center (ECC) PSE: Planning for Special Events, or Planned Special Events QC: Quick Clearance RRCC: Regional Response Coordinating Center S&L: State and Local (governments) SAFECOM: Safe Communications (DHS program) SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome SCADA: Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition SCIP: Statewide Communications Interoperability Planning (DHS methodology) SCOTSEM: Special Committee on Transportation Security and Emergency Manage- ment (of AASHTO) SEMA: State Emergency Management Agency SHRP 2: Strategic Highway Research Program, second generation SMART: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-Bound SOG: Standard Operating Guidelines SOP: Standard Operating Procedure SSOM: Subcommittee on Systems Operations and Management (of AASHTO) SSP: Sector-Specific Plan, or Safety Service Patrol State EOP: State(wide) Emergency Operations Plan STIX: Southern Traffic Incident eXchange TCC: Traffic Control Center TCL: Target Capabilities List

344 A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies TCP: Traffic Control Point TEP: Training and Exercise Plan TEPW: Training and Exercise Planning Workshop TERA: Transportation/Transit Emergency Response Application TERET: Transportation Emergency Response Effects Tracking THIRA: Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment TIM: Traffic Incident Management TMC: Transportation (or Traffic) Management Center TOPPLEF: Training, Organizations, Plans, People, Leadership and Management, Equipment, and Facilities TRANSCOM: Transportation Operations Coordinating Committee TSGP: Transit Security Grant Program TSM&O: Transportation System Management & Operations TTAP: Tribal Technical Assistance Program TTC: Temporary Traffic Control TTX: Tabletop Exercise TWIC: Transportation Workers Identification Credential TxDOT: Texas Department of Transportation USA PATRIOT: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism UC: Unified Command URL: Universal (or Uniform) Resource Locator (Website address) USACE: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USC: U.S. Code (Public Law) US-CERT: U.S. Computer Emergency Readiness Team USCG: U.S. Coast Guard (of DHS) USFA: U.S. Fire Administration (of FEMA) USGS: U.S. Geological Service USM: U.S. Military (multiple branches) UTL: Universal Task List UVC: Uniform Vehicle Code VTrans: Vermont Agency of Transportation WMD: Weapon of Mass Destruction

Next: Appendix D - Glossary »
A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies Get This Book
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State transportation agencies will always fulfill a role in the emergency-management effort - for all incidents, from the routine traffic incident through major emergencies to catastrophic events. State agency plans and procedures are expected (indeed required if the agency seeks federal compensation) to be related to state and regional emergency structures and plans. This involves multi-agency, multi‐jurisdictional cooperation in emergency planning and operations.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Research Report 931: A Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies is an update to a 2010 guide that provided an approach to all‐hazards emergency management and documented existing practices in emergency-response planning.

Significant advances in emergency management, changing operational roles at State DOTs and other transportation organizations, along with federal guidance issued since 2010, have resulted in a need to reexamine requirements for state transportation agency emergency-management functions, roles, and responsibilities.

The report is accompanied by NCHRP Web-Only Document 267:Developing a Guide to Emergency Management at State Transportation Agencies and a PowerPoint presentation that offers an overview and key findings, among other information.

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