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Page 88
Suggested Citation:"Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. How Airports Plan for Changing Aircraft Capacity: The Effects of Upgauging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25559.
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Page 88
Page 89
Suggested Citation:"Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. How Airports Plan for Changing Aircraft Capacity: The Effects of Upgauging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25559.
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Page 89

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88 Advisory Circular Instructions from the FAA on how to comply with federal aviation laws and regulations Air Traffic Control Tower A tower at an airfield from which air traffic is controlled by radio and observed physically and by radar Airport Improvement Program Grant program for the planning and development of public use airports that are included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems Airport layout plan A depiction of both existing facilities and planned development for an airport Airport Privatization Pilot Project Congressionally authorized FAA program to allow up to five U.S. airports to be privatized to explore privatization as a means of generating access to various sources of private capital for airport improvement and development Commercial service airport Non-primary, non-hub airport serving at least 2,500 enplane- ments but not more than 10,000 Enplanement One revenue passenger boarding an aircraft at an airport General aviation All civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and nonscheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire. General aviation airports are public-use airports that do not have scheduled service or have fewer than 2,500 passenger enplanements each year. Large-hub airport An airport with 1% or more of total U.S. enplanements Maintenance, repair, and overhaul Aircraft maintenance activity, typically of the whole aircraft (as opposed to specialized aviation service operation, which deals with a single system) Master plan A plan that represents the airport’s blueprint for long-term development Medium-hub airport An airport with at least 0.25% but less than 1% of total U.S. enplanements National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems Program to identify existing and proposed airports that are significant to national air transportation and thus eligible to receive federal grants under the Airport Improvement Program Glossary

Glossary 89 Non-hub primary airport An airport with more than 10,000 enplanements, but less than 0.05% of total U.S. enplanements Non-primary airport Not a primary airport or a non-primary commercial service airport; applies to general aviation and reliever airports Part 139 airport An airport that serves scheduled and unscheduled air carrier aircraft with more than 30 seats and scheduled air carrier opera- tions in aircraft with 10 to 30 seats, and is required by the FAA Administrator to have a certificate for operation Planning The collection, analysis, and use of information, and the devel- opment, promulgation, and maintenance of an organization’s comprehensive emergency management plan, action plans, and mitigation plans Primary airport A public airport that receives scheduled passenger service and has more than 10,000 annual enplanements Reliever airport An airport designated by the FAA to relieve congestion at commercial service airports and to provide improved general aviation access to the overall community Risk analysis The systematic, objective examination or reexamination of the risks and hazards that might affect a facility, program, operation, or procedure Small-hub airport An airport with at least 0.05% but less than 0.25% of total U.S. enplanements

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How Airports Plan for Changing Aircraft Capacity: The Effects of Upgauging Get This Book
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"Upgauging” is an airline industry technique enabling air carriers to increase capacity by adding seats to existing jets and replacing smaller planes with larger ones. While these practices are generally the result of airline network and system-wide strategies, their impacts are often experienced at the local level by the airport community.

Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis 97: How Airports Plan for Changing Aircraft Capacity: The Effects of Upgauging explores a broad concept of airline upgauging taking into account the principal drivers and techniques of upgauging, from both airline and airport perspectives.

This study is based on information acquired through a literature review, survey results from 18 airports participating in the study that experienced major variations in passenger enplanements over the previous 5 to 10 years, and interviews with representatives of five airports and four state transportation agencies.

The following appendices to the report are available online:

Appendix A: Survey Questionnaire

Appendix B: Responses from Survey Respondents

Appendix C: Follow-up Airport Interview Guides

Appendix D: State DOT/Bureau of Aeronautics Offices Interview Guide

Appendix E: Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport Authority—Air Service Incentive Program (Sample)

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