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Page 55
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Page 61
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Page 63
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25560.
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Page 63

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55 A P P E N D I X B Survey Questionnaire General Information 1) What best describes your role?* ( ) Airport manager ( ) Local government official that oversees the GA airport ( ) State airport official ( ) Federal aviation official ( ) Fixed-base operator ( ) Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ 2) Please provide the three letter identifier for your airport (or airport of interest):* _________________________________________________ 3) What FAA airport category describes your airport?* ( ) National ( ) Regional ( ) Local ( ) Basic ( ) other, please specify: _________________________________________________ 4) Contact First Name: _________________________________________________ Last Name: _________________________________________________ Title: _________________________________________________ Organization or Company Name: _________________________________________________ Zip: _________________________________________________ Email Address: _________________________________________________ Phone Number: _________________________________________________ NOTE: Asterisk indicates a required question.

56 Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships 5) It was previously determined that the subject airport entered into a public– private partnership agreement with a private or public entity within the past 5 years. Who are/were the parties to the agreement?* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 6) Were there any other key stakeholders (that were not a party to the agreement)?* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 7) What was the purpose of the public–private partnership? (Check all that apply.)* [ ] Management of airport [ ] Service contract [ ] Parking facility [ ] Construction of facilities [ ] Management/operation of facilities [ ] Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ PPP Page Two 8) How would you best characterize the public–private partnership/project delivery method that you used?* ( ) Service contract ( ) Management contract ( ) Build–operate–transfer ( ) Build–operate–maintain ( ) Build–to–suit ( ) Design–bid–build ( ) Construction manager at-risk ( ) Design–build ( ) Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ PPP Page One The following questions pertain to the specific project completed or currently ongoing under a public–private partnership agreement. If you prefer an opportunity to discuss this survey or your airport's experience with public–private partnerships, a phone interview can be scheduled at the completion of this survey. Note: The World Bank defines a public–private partnership as a long-term contract between a private party and a government entity, for providing a public asset or service, in which the private party bears significant risk and management responsibility, and remuneration is linked to performance. In practice, airport PPPs can vary. In recent years, many large commercial service airports (e.g., Boston Logan International, JFK International, Orlando Sanford International) have entered into at least some form of a PPP agreement with a private party. For a brief overview of these agreements, please visit this ICAO Case Study white paper.

Survey Questionnaire 57 PPP Page Three 11) Please describe the role the public and private entities played in this contract, including in the design and construction process (if applicable), with respect to reviews and approvals, inspections, acceptance criteria? Who had/has the primary responsibility for these areas? (e.g., airport, local officials, state officials, FAA, private entities, etc.) Were the FAA and state agency involved in the review and concurrence of any agreements? * ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 12) Were FAA grant assurances included and/or incorporated into the agreement(s)? ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Unsure 13) With respect to this project, what is the ongoing management arrangement? * ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ PPP Page Four 14) Who is/will manage the project after completion?* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 9) What type of contracting process was used in your public–private partnership?* ( ) One-step (competitors submit all information at one time and a bid is selected) ( ) Two-step (a short-list of bidders is selected based on qualifications; those short-listed then submit a bid for the project) ( ) Multiphase (project is broken into different phases and awarded separately based on qualifications) ( ) Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ ( ) Unsure ( ) Best-value ( ) Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ 10) What type of procurement method was used?* ( ) Low-bid ( ) Qualifications-based

58 Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships 16) What process did you use to best determine market, logistical and operational feasibility of your project? (i.e., how was the project developed and how was support generated; business plan, planning study, land use plan, target industry analysis)?* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ PPP Page Five 17) What methods did you use to attract potential private investors? (e.g., RFP, RFQ, advertisements)* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 18) What incentives did you use to attract potential investors? (e.g., abatements, other development incentives)* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ PPP Page Six 19) [PERTAINING TO PPP LEASE AGREEMENTS ONLY]: Did your PPP-related airport’s lease address costs if the project is abandoned (risk management)? This includes any clean-up and remediation costs if some construction and/or installation work was done. If yes, how is it handled? (Please enter N/A if not applicable to your airport's project.)* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 15) What are the reasons for pursuing such an agreement? (Check all that apply.)* [ ] Access to private capital for development [ ] Extract upfront or ongoing payment for the airport asset [ ] Stimulate airport activity, including air service and airline competition [ ] Introduce more innovation and creativity [ ] Secure long-term efficiencies in operation and maintenance [ ] Enhance airport customer service [ ] Shift risk of debt, capital development, and/or operations to private sector [ ] Accelerate project delivery and reduce construction costs [ ] Increase airport revenue and funding [ ] Reduce reliance on general tax levies and other traditional sources of airport funding [ ] Improve operational efficiencies [ ] Make better use of limited airport resources (including personnel) [ ] Other, please specify: _________________________________________________

Survey Questionnaire 59 ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 22) What key elements should be in a good lease (or are in your lease agreements) and how does your airport help your state, city, and/or county attorney(s) understand airport-specific factors? * ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 23) Which of the following do you consider to be a benefit of having partnered with a private- sector partner? (Check all that apply.)* [ ] Innovative infrastructure solutions [ ] Shorter construction schedule [ ] Risks better understood from the beginning of the project [ ] Transfer of project-related risk [ ] Increased quality [ ] Increased flexibility of financing options [ ] Increased efficiencies [ ] Cost savings [ ] Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ [ ] No benefit 20) [PERTAINING TO PPP LEASE AGREEMENTS ONLY]: What was/is your airport’s process for approval of proposed lease terms by their respective governing bodies: do you start with a letter of intent, memorandum of understanding or similar document? Is it fully or partly binding or not? (Please enter N/A if not applicable to your airport's project.)* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ PPP Page Seven 21) How did/does your airport structure partnerships/contracts so that it is advantageous for both the developer and the airport (i.e., a developer “wins” and airport does not “give away the farm)?” *

60 Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships 26) What design and construction risks have you encountered with a private-sector partner? (Check all that apply.)* [ ] Coordination/communication between design and construction processes [ ] Discovery of archaeological, paleontological, or other cultural resources [ ] Discovery of hazardous materials [ ] Unknown utility or other right-of-way infrastructure issues [ ] Permitting delays [ ] None [ ] Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ [ ] Not applicable/did not transfer design and construction risks to private sector partner 27) What operation and maintenance risks have you encountered with a private-sector partner? (Check all that apply.)* [ ] Facility required more maintenance than planned [ ] Facility costlier to operate than planned [ ] Different standards or equipment requirements imposed than originally agreed to [ ] None [ ] Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ [ ] Not applicable/did not transfer operation and/or maintenance risks to private sector partner [ ] Not applicable/did not transfer financing risk to private sector 24) Which of the following do you consider to be limitations in partnering with a private-sector partner? (Check all that apply.)* [ ] Increased financing costs [ ] Greater possibility of unforeseen challenges [ ] Limited governmental flexibility [ ] New risks from complex procurement process [ ] Loss of facility control [ ] Perception of private sector "take-over" by the public [ ] Not enough competitive, high-quality bids [ ] Schedule overruns [ ] Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ PPP Page Eight 25) What financing risks have you encountered with a private-sector partner? (Check all that apply.)* [ ] Funding fails to close in time [ ] Funding fails to close at all [ ] Changes in financing costs [ ] Changes in inflation rate [ ] None [ ] Other, please specify: _________________________________________________

Survey Questionnaire 61 design and building requirements Airport rules, regulations, and minimum standards ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) FAA grant assurances ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Subordination and/or estoppel agreements ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Federal ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 28) What revenue risks have you encountered with a private-sector partner? (Check all that apply.)* [ ] Passenger volume lower than predicted [ ] Use of hangar facility lower than predicted [ ] Fueling activity lower than predicted [ ] None [ ] Other, please specify: _________________________________________________ [ ] Not applicable/did not transfer revenue risks to private sector PPP Page Nine 29) How important are/were the following in contributing to the success of your public–private partnership? [Please rate in terms of importance.]* Very Important Somewhat Important Neutral Not Very Important Not Important at all State design and building requirements ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (continued on next page)

62 Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships 30) What were the three most important factors or elements of this project that contributed to its success? * 1.: _________________________________________________ 2.: _________________________________________________ 3.: _________________________________________________ 31) What were the three biggest factors or elements of this project that impeded or threatened its success? * 1.: _________________________________________________ 2.: _________________________________________________ 3.: _________________________________________________ Remuneration and remediation cost agreements for abandoned projects and/or project ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Clean-up needs ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Coordination with other tenants and users whose activities were affected during the project ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Local design and building requirements ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Very Important Somewhat Important Neutral Not Very Important Not Important at all

Survey Questionnaire 63 PPP Page Ten 32) Did the terrain, the weather, or any water or mineral rights issues affect the project in any way? If yes, how so? (Please enter N/A if not applicable to your airport's project)* ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 33) Please provide any additional comments, lessons learned, or advice you may have regarding the experience you’ve had entering into contracts with a private-sector partner that have not already been asked/discussed in this survey. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Thank You! Thank you for taking our survey. Your response is very important to us. If you have any questions, please contact our principal investigator, Jeff Borowiec, at jborowiec@tamu.edu, 979- 845-5200. Thank you.

Next: Appendix C - Survey Respondents and Interviewees »
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Although general aviation airports have historically been funded by federal, state, and local entities, the private sector is increasingly playing a larger role. This involvement has ranged on a continuum from service and management contracts to singular projects at airports that involve leasing mechanisms to long-term leases and the whole-scale private development of general aviation airports.

In an era of declining resources and increasingly scrutinized public expenditures, private-sector involvement is and will likely need to continue to play a larger role to fill an ongoing and increasing gap between the existing infrastructure and the infrastructure that is needed.

Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis 94: Attracting Investment at General Aviation Airports Through Public–Private Partnerships explore public–private partnerships (PPPs) at general aviation airports in the United States over the past five years.

For the purpose of the synthesis, these PPPs are defined by the World Bank as long-term contracts between a private party and a government entity for providing a public asset or service, in which the private party bears significant risk and management responsibility, and remuneration is linked to performance

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