National Academies Press: OpenBook

Fast-Tracked: A Tactical Transit Study (2019)

Chapter: Findings

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Page 17
Suggested Citation:"Findings." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fast-Tracked: A Tactical Transit Study. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25571.
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Page 17
Page 18
Suggested Citation:"Findings." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Fast-Tracked: A Tactical Transit Study. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25571.
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Page 18

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RIDER EXPERIENCE PROJECT SUMMARIES 43 45 ACCESS + SAFETY: SUMMARY ACCESS + SAFETY: PROJECTS SPEED + RELIABILITY: SUMMARY 35 31 23 SPEED + RELIABILITY: PROJECTS 19 FINDINGS

18 The findings of this research are presented in the following pages, organized in the project categories to the right, and summarized according to the following characteristics of the projects: 1. Project Impetus: This describes why the projects were initiated, or what the project team considered the primary motivation for the project. For some, the project aligned with a current or past planning process, but for others, the projects were implemented more for the sake of experimenting. 2. Internal Process + Partnerships: This describes the various structures of the project teams, with an emphasis on factors that made some projects’ processes smoother than others. From internal “dream teams” to directives from political officials, this can provide especially meaningful insight to those readers not sure where to start within their organizations. 3. Procurement + Implementation: What were the most common implementation strategies? What were advantages and disadvantages to the ways some projects did it? 4. Triumphs + Lessons Learned: What did a lot of the projects learn from the Quick-Build process? What were some recurring challenges, and how were these overcome (or not)? Each section begins with a brief synopsis of each project and its most salient outcomes. For a more detailed summary of each project based on the interviews, see the project summaries starting on page 45. SPEED + RELIABILITY: Projects that primarily addressed issues of bus/streetcar travel speeds and reliability, or produced desirable outcomes like more regular headways, faster overall route travel times, less dwell times, etc. ACCESS + SAFETY: Projects that primarily enhanced multimodal and/or ADA accessibility to surface transit, had separate distinct elements that addressed this, or produced desirable outcomes like increased ridership, decreased crash incidents, increased bike volumes, etc. RIDER EXPERIENCE: Projects that primarily addressed rider comfort, created a sense of place around accessing transit, or mobilized communities in support of transit.

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As transit agencies, local governments, and citizens look for ways to improve existing, and start new, transit service, many of them are turning to the Quick-Build (Tactical Urbanism) methodology. This approach uses inexpensive, temporary materials and short-term tactics as a way of implementing projects in the short-term, while longer-term planning takes place.

The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Research Report 207: Fast-Tracked: A Tactical Transit Study documents the current state of the practice with regard to what are called Tactical Transit projects, specifically for surface transit (bus and streetcar). These are both physical and operational strategies that improve the delivery of surface transit projects using this methodology. Tactical Transit projects, operational and physical Quick-Build projects that uniquely focus on transit, have evolved as a way for municipal governments to improve the way they respond to rider needs and increased demand for service.

The report highlights Tactical Transit projects happening in cities across North America and how transit agencies and other entities are using innovative methods to improve transit speed, access, and ridership at a fraction of both the cost and time of conventional projects.

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