National Academies Press: OpenBook

Emergency Working Groups at Airports (2019)

Chapter: Glossary

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Page 36
Suggested Citation:"Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emergency Working Groups at Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25572.
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Page 36

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36 Glossary Airport Emergency Plan A comprehensive plan for dealing with all hazards rea- sonably expected to affect a given airport, required for all Part 139 airports and recommended for all other U.S. air- ports. Its international equivalent is called an airport contin- gency plan. Care team An airline’s corporate team that is specially trained and equipped to perform victim support tasks and is deployed when there is an aircraft accident. Emergency working group A voluntary collaborative arrangement between airlines and their airport that plans, trains, and maintains mutual aid in supporting victim support tasks required of airlines during emergencies at airports. Some EWGs may have expanded scope to deal with any hazard that results in a need for victim and family assistance. Large hub An airport with at least 1% of U.S. passenger enplanements Medium hub An airport with between 0.25% and 1% of U.S. passenger enplanements Part 139 airport FAA regulation 14 CFR Part 139 established certification requirements of U.S. airports serving scheduled and unsched- uled air carrier aircraft designed for more than 30 passenger seats and airports serving scheduled air carrier operations in aircraft with more than 9 seats but less than 31 seats. Small hub An airport with between 0.05% and 0.25% of U.S. passenger enplanements

Next: Appendix A - Airports and Others Interviewed »
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Airports—especially in the past two decades—have generally sought to promote and increase collaboration among the members of the airport community, particularly between an airport and its airlines. One metric of this trend has been the increase in the number of U.S. airports with full-time emergency managers, from fewer than 10 in 2007 to more than 120 today. Collaboration and increased professionalism in airport emergency management have gone hand in hand.

No matter whether the incident is aircraft-related or an incident in the terminal—such as an active shooter, a bomb threat, or other hazard—the goals of airports, airlines, and others in the airport community are to achieve safety, security, compassion, customer service, regulatory compliance, and reputation. Achieving these goals can contribute to resiliency and to the protection of critical infrastructure and key resources.

Although air travel is one of the safest modes of travel, and airports are among the safest public spaces in the United States, air-travel incidents do occur. ACRP Synthesis 99: Emergency Working Groups at Airports documents these working groups and how they assist victims and their families and friends in the weeks following an incident.

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