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Page 127
Suggested Citation:"Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Foreseeing the Impact of Transformational Technologies on Land Use and Transportation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25580.
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Page 127
Page 128
Suggested Citation:"Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Foreseeing the Impact of Transformational Technologies on Land Use and Transportation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25580.
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Page 128

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III-3 ABS Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ADS Automated driving system API Application program interface ARM Adaptive ramp metering ATCS Adaptive traffic control system ATDM Active transportation and demand management AV Automated/autonomous vehicle BEV Battery-powered electric vehicle CACC Cooperative adaptive cruise control CAV AV with CV capabilities CNG Compressed natural gas CV Connected vehicle CVPD Connected vehicle pilot deployment DOT Department of transportation DMS Dynamic message signs DSRC Dedicated short-range communication EV Electric vehicle FCC Federal Communications Commission FMVSS Federal motor vehicle safety standards GAO Government accountability office GHM Guaranteed ride home GHz Gigahertz GPS Global positioning system HEV Hybrid electric vehicle HFCV Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle HOT High-occupancy toll HOV High-occupancy vehicle ICE Internal combustion engine ICM Integrated corridor management IoT Internet-of-things ITS Intelligent transportation system LNG Liquefied natural gas MaaS Mobility-as-a-service Mbps Megabits per second MMITSS Multimodal intelligent traffic signal system MPO Metropolitan planning organization NACTO National Association of City Transportation Officials OOID Owner-operator independent drivers Abbreviations

III-4 Foreseeing the Impact of Transformational Technologies on Land Use and Transportation PHEV Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle PLA Polylactic acid RNG Renewable natural gas ROW Right-of-way RSU Roadside unit SUM Shared-use mobility TMC Traffic management center TNC Transportation network company TSP Transit signal priority TT Transformational technology UAV Unmanned aerial vehicle V2V Vehicle-to-vehicle V2I Vehicle-to-infrastructure VMT Vehicle-miles traveled

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Examples of transformational technologies—many are discussed in technical and popular media—include wireless telecommunications, shared vehicles, connected vehicles, fully autonomous vehicles, alternative-fuel vehicles, smart cities and communities, big data analytics, internet-of-things, as well as UAVs or drones, 3-D printing, and more.

Public agencies face significant challenges continuing to perform their governmental functions in the face of the private sector’s prodigious output of these new technologies. Agencies need to rethink how they develop their policies and plans—and they need to obtain new expertise.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Research Report 924: Foreseeing the Impact of Transformational Technologies on Land Use and Transportation reviews the characteristics of new transportation-related technologies and their applications in the transportation sector and explores a wide variety of potential impacts on areas such as travel and land use and planning projects.

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