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Suggested Citation:"Contents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airports and Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Volume 3: Potential Use of UAS by Airport Operators. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25607.
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Suggested Citation:"Contents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airports and Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Volume 3: Potential Use of UAS by Airport Operators. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25607.
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Potential Use of UAS by Airport Operators i Contents  1  Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3  1.1  Background ........................................................................................................................................................ 3  1.2  Overview of “Potential Uses of UAS for Airport Operators “ ................................................................ 3  1.3  Guidebook Audience and Format ................................................................................................................. 4  2  UAS Uses at Airports .......................................................................................................... 5  2.1  Airport Uses ...................................................................................................................................................... 5  2.2  UAS Types ......................................................................................................................................................... 6  2.3  Sensors ................................................................................................................................................................ 6  2.3.1  RGB/High-Resolution Video/Photography .......................................................................................................... 7  2.3.2  Thermal........................................................................................................................................................................ 7  2.3.3  Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) ................................................................................................................... 7  2.4  Summary of UAS Platforms and Sensors ..................................................................................................... 8  2.5  Impacts of UAS Use at Airports .................................................................................................................... 9  2.5.1  Safety .......................................................................................................................................................................... 10  2.5.2  Efficiency ................................................................................................................................................................... 10  2.5.3  Infrastructure ............................................................................................................................................................ 10  2.6  Airports Using UAS: ...................................................................................................................................... 11  3  Integrating UAS Related Risk into an SMS Plan .............................................................. 11  3.1  Components of a UAS SMS ......................................................................................................................... 12  3.2  Understanding and Assessing Risk of UAS Operations at Airports ...................................................... 12  3.2.1  Identifying Sources of Risk Due to UAS Operations ......................................................................................... 13  3.2.2  Evaluating Risk due to UAS Operations .............................................................................................................. 13  3.2.3  Assessment of Risk .................................................................................................................................................. 16  3.3  Mitigating Risk Due to UAS Operations .................................................................................................... 17  4  Approach to Conducting UAS Operations at Airports .................................................... 19  4.1  Pre-planning Coordination............................................................................................................................ 19  4.1.1  Stakeholder and Community Engagement ........................................................................................................... 19  4.1.2  FAA Engagement ..................................................................................................................................................... 20  4.1.3  Air Traffic Control Engagement ............................................................................................................................ 21  4.1.4  Waiver and Authorization Process ........................................................................................................................ 21  4.2  Flight Planning ................................................................................................................................................ 22  4.2.1  Establishing Mission Parameters ............................................................................................................................ 23  4.2.2  Data Collection ......................................................................................................................................................... 24  4.2.3  Communications Protocol ...................................................................................................................................... 26  4.3  Executing the Operation ............................................................................................................................... 27 

Potential Use of UAS by Airport Operators   ii 4.3.1  Pre-flight .................................................................................................................................................................... 27  4.3.2  Deconfliction Procedure and Return to Home.................................................................................................... 28  5  UAS Demonstration Case Studies .................................................................................... 29  5.1  Front Range Airport (KFTG)/ Colorado Air and Space Port ................................................................ 29  5.1.1  Pre-Planning Coordination ..................................................................................................................................... 29  5.1.2  Flight Planning .......................................................................................................................................................... 31  5.1.3  Executing the Operation ......................................................................................................................................... 32  5.1.4  Conclusions and Lessons Learned ......................................................................................................................... 33  5.2  Johnston Regional Airport ............................................................................................................................ 33  5.2.1  Pre-Planning Coordination ..................................................................................................................................... 33  5.2.2  Flight Planning .......................................................................................................................................................... 34  5.2.3  Executing the Operation ......................................................................................................................................... 36  5.2.4  Conclusions and Lessons Learned ......................................................................................................................... 36  5.3  Sebring Regional Airport ............................................................................................................................... 36  5.3.1  Pre-Planning Coordination ..................................................................................................................................... 37  5.3.2  Flight Planning .......................................................................................................................................................... 38  5.3.3  Executing the Operation ......................................................................................................................................... 41  5.3.4  Conclusions and Lessons Learned ......................................................................................................................... 41  6  Appendices ....................................................................................................................... 42  6.1  UAS Use Case Matrix .................................................................................................................................... 42  6.2  Sample UAS SMS Plan .................................................................................................................................. 44  7  References ........................................................................................................................ 45   

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Airports and Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Volume 3: Potential Use of UAS by Airport Operators Get This Book
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Introduction of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) will pose safety, economic, operational, regulatory, community, environmental, and infrastructure challenges to airports. These risks are further complicated by the dynamic nature of UAS technological development. Experiences and lessons learned from recent major aviation system changes demonstrate the critical importance of ensuring that airports have the resources needed to avoid adverse impacts and maximize benefits as early as possible.

This pre-publication draft of ACRP (Airport Cooperative Research Program) Research Report 212: Airports and Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Volume 3: Potential Use of UAS by Airport Operators provides airports with resources to appropriately integrate UAS missions as part of their standard operations. The use of UAS by airports can result in efficiency gains if implemented effectively. However, improper implementation will cause safety risks and damage effective airport operations.

Other Resources:

Volume 1: Managing and Engaging Stakeholders on UAS in the Vicinity of Airports provides guidance for airport operators and managers to interact with UAS operations in the vicinity of airports.

Volume 2: Incorporating UAS into Airport Infrastructure—Planning Guidebook provides planning, operational, and infrastructure guidance to safely integrate existing and anticipated UAS operations into an airport environment.

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