National Academies Press: OpenBook

Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts (2019)

Chapter: Appendix C - Case Example Interview Script

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Page 106
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Case Example Interview Script." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25609.
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Page 106
Page 107
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Case Example Interview Script." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25609.
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Page 107

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106 A P P E N D I X C Case Example Interview Script DISCUSSION SCRIPT Overview of the GHG Reduction Practice/Initiative • What is the name of this practice/initiative? • Is this a stand-alone initiative, or is it part of a larger program? • What was the primary driver for the airport to undertake this practice? Secondary drivers? • What is the planning context? Does it meet specific plan goals or objectives? • Was there dedicated funding for this initiative? If so, what is that source? Implementation • Which airport department spearheaded and/or implemented the practice? And were any other tenants, organizations, or stakeholders involved? • What were the primary implementation steps? • Were there planning processes and tools that benefitted project implementation? • What were some of the planning obstacles? • Did financial challenges arise? • What were the regulatory opportunities and/or challenges, if any? Lessons Learned • Can you name factors that improved implementation, such as organizational support and/or technological advances? • Can you name factors that impeded implementation, such as lack of resources or behavioral differences? • What advice would you give to others considering this practice? Are there specific factors that aided the initiative? • What steps would you do differently if recommending this practice to others? Effectiveness • Were there defined goals and reduction targets for this initiative? If so, has the practice met these targets? • Has the practice met other defined goals, such as reducing costs or increasing airport marketability?

Case Example Interview Script 107 • Has the practice helped meet any unanticipated airport goals, such as budget surplus? • Are there other indicators used to measure effectiveness of this practice in a more qualitative way? Cobenefits • Have there been clear and anticipated cobenefits derived from this practice, such as improved local air quality, positive press coverage, etc.? • Have there been any unanticipated cobenefits generated by the project, such as improved relations with other partners, more efficient operations, etc.?

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Airports in the United States are responding to the demand for increased air travel with sustainable development that incorporates more energy-efficient and lower-emission technologies. Funding for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions-reducing technologies, such as electrification, alternative fuels, and renewable energy, has also become more accessible as technologies are proven to be safe, reliable, and cost-effective.

Newer strategies and programs to reduce GHG emissions reach beyond airport operations to incorporate the traveling public. These are among the findings in the TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Synthesis 100: Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts. The report assesses (1) the state of practice of GHG emissions reduction initiatives at airports, and (2) the lessons learned to support the successful implementation of future GHG reduction projects.

The report also finds that large airports are taking the lead in moving beyond reduction strategies for their own emissions and tackling those produced by tenants and the traveling public by supporting the use of alternative fuels and directing passengers to airport carbon offset platforms.

It is clear that airports regard energy-efficiency measures to be the most effective practice to reducing GHG emissions. Smaller airports, in particular, are adopting new technologies associated with more efficient heating and cooling infrastructure and lighting systems because they decrease energy consumption and make economic sense. GHG reduction projects are being implemented by different types of airports across the industry because of the cost savings and the environmental benefits of the new technology.

Airports are actively benchmarking emission-reduction progress in comparison with similar efforts at airports around the world by using frameworks employed by the industry globally, such as the Airport Carbon Accreditation Program and the airport carbon emissions reporting tool (ACERT), to measure their GHG emissions.

Innovative approaches are allowing airports to address rapidly changing consumer behaviors, like those presented in recent years by transportation network companies (TNCs) such as Uber and Lyft. These policy-based solutions offer the potential for wider adoption as they enable airports to act without significant capital expenditures.

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