National Academies Press: OpenBook

Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts (2019)

Chapter: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Page 84
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25609.
Page 84
Page 85
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25609.
Page 85

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84 ACERT airport carbon emissions reporting tool ACI Airports Council International ACIP Airports Capital Improvement Program AFUE annualized fuel utilization efficiency AIP Airport Improvement Program APU auxiliary power unit AUS Austin-Bergstrom International Airport BTU British thermal unit CAP Climate Action Plan CHP combined heat and power CH4 methane CMH John Glenn Columbus International Airport CNG compressed natural gas CO2 carbon dioxide CO2e carbon dioxide equivalent CORSIA carbon offsetting and reduction scheme for international aviation DFW Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport DSIRE Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration eGSE electric ground support equipment EMS environmental management system EONS economic viability, operational efficiency, natural resource conservation, and social responsibility EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FAR Federal Aviation Regulations GEF Global Environmental Facility GGR greenhouse gas rating GHG greenhouse gas GPU ground power unit GSE ground support equipment GSH ground source heating HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LED light emitting diode LEED leadership in energy and environmental design Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronyms and Abbreviations 85 LNG liquified natural gas mpg miles per gallon MT metric ton MOU memorandum of understanding MW megawatts MWh megawatt-hour NAVAID navigational aids NOx nitrogen oxides NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory O&M operations and maintenance PAC planning advisory committee PCA pre-conditioned air PFC passenger facility charge PPA power purchase agreement PV photovoltaic P3 public-private partnership REC renewable energy certificate RFS renewable fuel standard RGL runway ground lights RIN renewable identification number RMI Rocky Mountain Institute RNG renewable natural gas ROI return on investment RPS renewable portfolio standard SAF sustainable aviation fuel SAGA Sustainable Aviation Guidance Alliance SAMP Sustainability Airport Master Plan SGHAT solar glare hazard analysis tool SJCAA Saint Joseph County Airport Authority SO2 sulfur dioxide TDZ touchdown (runway lights) TES thermal energy storage TNC transportation network company UNDP United Nations Development Programme USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program VALE voluntary airport low emissions ZEV zero emission vehicle ZNE zero net energy

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Airports in the United States are responding to the demand for increased air travel with sustainable development that incorporates more energy-efficient and lower-emission technologies. Funding for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions-reducing technologies, such as electrification, alternative fuels, and renewable energy, has also become more accessible as technologies are proven to be safe, reliable, and cost-effective.

Newer strategies and programs to reduce GHG emissions reach beyond airport operations to incorporate the traveling public. These are among the findings in the TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Synthesis 100: Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts. The report assesses (1) the state of practice of GHG emissions reduction initiatives at airports, and (2) the lessons learned to support the successful implementation of future GHG reduction projects.

The report also finds that large airports are taking the lead in moving beyond reduction strategies for their own emissions and tackling those produced by tenants and the traveling public by supporting the use of alternative fuels and directing passengers to airport carbon offset platforms.

It is clear that airports regard energy-efficiency measures to be the most effective practice to reducing GHG emissions. Smaller airports, in particular, are adopting new technologies associated with more efficient heating and cooling infrastructure and lighting systems because they decrease energy consumption and make economic sense. GHG reduction projects are being implemented by different types of airports across the industry because of the cost savings and the environmental benefits of the new technology.

Airports are actively benchmarking emission-reduction progress in comparison with similar efforts at airports around the world by using frameworks employed by the industry globally, such as the Airport Carbon Accreditation Program and the airport carbon emissions reporting tool (ACERT), to measure their GHG emissions.

Innovative approaches are allowing airports to address rapidly changing consumer behaviors, like those presented in recent years by transportation network companies (TNCs) such as Uber and Lyft. These policy-based solutions offer the potential for wider adoption as they enable airports to act without significant capital expenditures.

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