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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
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F

Acronyms

1D one-dimensional
2D two-dimensional
3D three-dimensional
AFM atomic force microscopy
AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research
ALMA Atacama large millimeter/submillimeter array
ALP axion-like particle
AMO atomic, molecular, and optical
APS American Physical Society
APV atomic parity violation
ARIADNE axion resonant interaction detection experiment
ARO Army Research Office
ATAS attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy
ATI above threshold ionization
BASE baryon-antibaryon symmetry experiment
BEC Bose-Einstein condensate
BES Basic Energy Sciences
BI Bell inequality
BSM beyond the Standard Model
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
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CAMOS Committee on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Sciences
CASPEr cosmic axion spin precession experiment
CDI coherent diffractive imaging
CEP carrier envelope phase
CFT conformal field theory
CI configuration interaction
CI conical intersection
CMOS complementary metal oxide semiconductor
CMP condensed-matter physics
COLTRIMS cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy
COT commercial off-the-shelf technology
CPA chirped pulse amplification
cQED cavity quantum electrodynamics
CSGB chemical sciences, geosciences, and biosciences
CSR cryogenic storage ring
CSS coherent spin state
DAMOP Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DFG degenerate Fermi gas
DFT density functional theory
DIQKD device independent quantum key distribution
DM dark matter
DMRG density-matrix renormalization group
DoD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
EBIT electron-beam ion trap
EDM electric dipole moment
eEDM electron EDM
EIT electromagnetically induced transparency
ELI extreme light infrastructure
EM electromagnetic
EPR electron paramagnetic resonance
ETH eigenstate thermalization hypothesis
EWP electron wave packet
FB Floquet-Bloch
FEL free-electron laser
FRET fluorescence resonance energy transfer
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
GHZ Greenberger-Horn-Zeilinger
GNOME global network of optical magnetometers to search for exotic physics
GPU graphical processing unit
GPV group velocity distribution
GR general theory of relativity
GW gravitational wave
HCI highly charged ion
HEP high energy physics
HHG high harmonic generation
HHS high harmonic spectroscopy
HL Heisenberg limit
ITAMP Institute for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
JWST James Webb space telescope
LCLS Linac Coherent Light Source
LF light filamentation
LHC Large Hadron Collider
LIBS laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
LIED laser-induced electron diffraction
LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory
LINAC linear accelerator
LISA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
LLI local Lorentz invariance
LV LLI violation
MBL many-body localization
MBPT many-body perturbation theory
MCSCF multiconfiguration self-consistent field
MFM magnetic force microscope
ML machine learning
ML mode-locked
MPS mathematical and physical sciences
MRFM magnetic resonance force microscopy
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRS Materials Research Society
MTB magnetotactic bacterium
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NIR near-infrared
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance
NNI National Nanotechnology Initiative
NPI National Photonics Initiative
NQI National Quantum Initiative
NRC National Research Council
NSF National Science Foundation
NV nitrogen vacancy
OCT optical coherence tomography
OFC optical frequency comb
OM optomechanics
ONR Office of Naval Research
OPM optically pumped magnetometer
OPO optical parametric oscillator
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
PAH polyaromatic hydrocarbon
PDK process design kit
PEA phase estimation algorithm
PI principal investigator
PIC photonic integrated circuit
PQS programmable quantum simulator
QAOA quantum approximate optimization algorithm
QCD quantum chromodynamics
QED quantum electrodynamics
QIP quantum information processing
QIS quantum information science
QIST quantum information science and technology
QKD quantum key distribution
QMC quantum Monte Carlo
QND quantum nondemolition
QR quantum repeater
QRNG quantum random number generator
qubit quantum bit
R&D research and development
RABBITT reconstruction of attosecond beating by interference of two-photon transitions
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
RC reservoir computing
RNG random number generator
RV radial velocity
SASE self amplified stimulated emission
SERF spin-exchange relaxation free
SiV silicon vacancy
SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
SM Standard Model
SOC spin-orbit coupling
SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
SPI single-particle imaging
SQCAMscope scanning quantum cryogenic atom microscope
SQL standard quantum limit
SQUID superconducting quantum interference device
SSS squeezed spin state
STED stimulated emission depletion
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
TDDFT time-dependent density functional theory
TEM transmission electron microscope
TMDC transition metal dichalcogenide
UED ultrafast electron diffraction
URM underrepresented minorities
VMI velocity map imaging
VQE variational quantum eigensolver
VQS variational quantum simulation
VUV vacuum ultraviolet
WIMP weakly interacting massive particle
XFEL X-ray free-electron laser
XUV extreme ultraviolet
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
Page 296
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
Page 297
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
Page 298
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
Page 299
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
Page 300
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The field of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science underpins many technologies and continues to progress at an exciting pace for both scientific discoveries and technological innovations. AMO physics studies the fundamental building blocks of functioning matter to help advance the understanding of the universe. It is a foundational discipline within the physical sciences, relating to atoms and their constituents, to molecules, and to light at the quantum level. AMO physics combines fundamental research with practical application, coupling fundamental scientific discovery to rapidly evolving technological advances, innovation and commercialization. Due to the wide-reaching intellectual, societal, and economical impact of AMO, it is important to review recent advances and future opportunities in AMO physics.

Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States assesses opportunities in AMO science and technology over the coming decade. Key topics in this report include tools made of light; emerging phenomena from few- to many-body systems; the foundations of quantum information science and technologies; quantum dynamics in the time and frequency domains; precision and the nature of the universe, and the broader impact of AMO science.

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