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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
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Page 220
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
Page 221
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
Page 222
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
×
Page 223
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25613.
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Page 224

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F Acronyms 1D one-dimensional 2D two-dimensional 3D three-dimensional AFM atomic force microscopy AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research ALMA Atacama large millimeter/submillimeter array ALP axion-like particle AMO atomic, molecular, and optical APS American Physical Society APV atomic parity violation ARIADNE axion resonant interaction detection experiment ARO Army Research Office ATAS attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy ATI above threshold ionization BASE baryon-antibaryon symmetry experiment BEC Bose-Einstein condensate BES Basic Energy Sciences BI Bell inequality BSM beyond the Standard Model CAMOS Committee on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Sciences CASPEr cosmic axion spin precession experiment CDI coherent diffractive imaging CEP carrier envelope phase CFT conformal field theory CI configuration interaction CI conical intersection CMOS complementary metal oxide semiconductor CMP condensed-matter physics COLTRIMS cold target recoil ion momentum spectroscopy COT commercial off-the-shelf technology CPA chirped pulse amplification cQED cavity quantum electrodynamics CSGB chemical sciences, geosciences, and biosciences CSR cryogenic storage ring CSS coherent spin state DAMOP Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-1

DFG degenerate Fermi gas DFT density functional theory DIQKD device independent quantum key distribution DM dark matter DMRG density-matrix renormalization group DoD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy EBIT electron-beam ion trap EDM electric dipole moment eEDM electron EDM EIT electromagnetically induced transparency ELI extreme light infrastructure EM electromagnetic EPR electron paramagnetic resonance ETH eigenstate thermalization hypothesis EWP electron wave packet FB Floquet-Bloch FEL free-electron laser FRET fluorescence resonance energy transfer GHZ Greenberger-Horn-Zeilinger GNOME global network of optical magnetometers to search for exotic physics GPU graphical processing unit GPV group velocity distribution GR general theory of relativity GW gravitational wave HCI highly charged ion HEP high energy physics HHG high harmonic generation HHS high harmonic spectroscopy HL Heisenberg limit ITAMP Institute for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor JWST James Webb space telescope LCLS linac coherent light source LF light filamentation LHC Large Hadron Collider LIBS laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy LIED laser-induced electron diffraction LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory LINAC linear electron accelerator LISA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna LLI local Lorentz invariance LV LLI violation PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-2

MBL many-body localization MBPT many-body perturbation theory MCSCF multiconfiguration self-consistent field MFM magnetic force microscope ML machine learning ML mode-locked MPS mathematical and physical sciences MRFM magnetic resonance force microscopy MRI magnetic resonance imaging MRS Materials Research Society MTB magnetotactic bacterium NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIR near-infrared NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NMR nuclear magnetic resonance NNI National Nanotechnology Initiative NPI National Photonics Initiative NQI National Quantum Initiative NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation NV nitrogen vacancy OCT optical coherence tomography OFC optical frequency comb OM optomechanics ONR Office of Naval Research OPM optically pumped magnetometer OPO optical parametric oscillator OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PAH polyaromatic hydrocarbon PDK process design kit PEA phase estimation algorithm PI principal investigator PIC photonic integrated circuit PQS programmable quantum simulator QAOA quantum approximate optimization algorithm QCD quantum chromodynamics QED quantum electrodynamics QIP quantum information processing QIS quantum information science QIST quantum information science and technology QKD quantum key distribution QMC quantum Monte Carlo QND quantum nondemolition QR quantum repeater QRNG quantum random number generator qubit quantum bit PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-3

R&D research and development RABBITT reconstruction of attosecond beating by interference of two-photon transitions RC reservoir computing RNG random number generator RV radial velocity SASE self amplified stimulated emission SERF spin-exchange relaxation free SiV silicon vacancy SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center SM Standard Model SOC spin-orbit coupling SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SPI single-particle imaging SQCAMscope scanning quantum cryogenic atom microscope SQL standard quantum limit SQUID superconducting quantum interference device SSS squeezed spin state STED stimulated emission depletion TDDFT time-dependent density functional theory TEM transmission electron microscope TMDC transition metal dichalcogenide UED ultrafast electron diffraction VMI velocity map imaging VQE variational quantum eigensolver VQS variational quantum simulation WIMP weakly interacting massive particle XFEL X-ray free-electron laser XUV extreme ultraviolet PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION F-4

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The field of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) science underpins many technologies and continues to progress at an exciting pace for both scientific discoveries and technological innovations. AMO physics studies the fundamental building blocks of functioning matter to help advance the understanding of the universe. It is a foundational discipline within the physical sciences, relating to atoms and their constituents, to molecules, and to light at the quantum level. AMO physics combines fundamental research with practical application, coupling fundamental scientific discovery to rapidly evolving technological advances, innovation and commercialization. Due to the wide-reaching intellectual, societal, and economical impact of AMO, it is important to review recent advances and future opportunities in AMO physics.

Manipulating Quantum Systems: An Assessment of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics in the United States assesses opportunities in AMO science and technology over the coming decade. Key topics in this report include tools made of light; emerging phenomena from few- to many-body systems; the foundations of quantum information science and technologies; quantum dynamics in the time and frequency domains; precision and the nature of the universe, and the broader impact of AMO science.

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