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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Data Analytics and
What It Means to the
Materials Community

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Anne Frances Johnson, Rapporteur

Defense Materials Manufacturing and Infrastructure
Standing Committee

National Materials and Manufacturing Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This study was supported by Contract No. W911NF-10-C-0098 with the Department of Defense. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-66408-0
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-66408-X
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25628

Cover: The materials community is likened to a complex world with ever-shifting needs and opportunities—a whole planet of alternatives for selecting the right material and design for the right task. Graphic Artist: Erik Svedberg.

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25628.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR DATA ANALYTICS AND WHAT IT MEANS TO THE MATERIALS COMMUNITY

HAYDN WADLEY, University of Virginia, Chair

ROBERT HULL, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

E. WARD PLUMMER, NAS,1 Louisiana State University

TRESA POLLOCK, NAE,2 University of California, Santa Barbara

LOURDES SALAMANCA-RIBA, University of Maryland

SUSAN SINNOTT, Pennsylvania State University

Staff

ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer, Study Director

MICHELLE K. SCHWALBE, Acting Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board

JAMES LANCASTER, Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board and the Board on Physics and Astronomy (through April 2021)

NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

BETH DOLAN, Financial Associate

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

2 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×

DEFENSE MATERIALS MANUFACTURING AND INFRASTRUCTURE STANDING COMMITTEE

HAYDN WADLEY, University of Virginia, Chair

DIANNE CHONG, NAE,1 Boeing (Retired)

ROBERT HULL, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

ANGUS KINGON, Brown University

CARLOS LEVI, University of California, Santa Barbara

E. WARD PLUMMER, NAS,2 Louisiana State University

SUBHASH SINGHAL, NAE, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

SUSAN SINNOTT, Pennsylvania State University

LEWIS SLOTER, Department of Defense (Retired)

EDWIN L. THOMAS, NAE, Rice University

Staff

ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

BETH DOLAN, Financial Associate

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

MICHELLE K. SCHWALBE, Acting Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board

JAMES LANCASTER, Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board and the Board on Physics and Astronomy (through April 2021)

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD

BEN WANG, Georgia Institute of Technology, Chair

THERESA KOTANCHECK, Evolved Analytics, LLC, Vice Chair

RODNEY C. ADKINS, NAE,1 IBM Corporate Strategy (retired)

CRAIG ARNOLD, Princeton University

JIM C.I. CHANG, National Cheng Kung University, North Carolina State University

THOMAS M. DONNELLAN, Applied Research Laboratory

STEPHEN FORREST, NAS2/NAE, University of Michigan

ERICA FUCHS, Carnegie Mellon University

DAVID LARBALESTIER, Florida State University

MICK MAHER, Maher & Associates, LLC

ROBERT MILLER, IBM Almaden Research Center

EDWARD MORRIS, NCDMM, NAMII

NICHOLAS A. PEPPAS, NAE/NAM,3 University of Texas, Austin

TRESA M. POLLOCK, NAE, University of California, Santa Barbara

GREGORY TASSEY, University of Washington

HAYDN WADLEY, University of Virginia

STEVEN J. ZINKLE, NAE, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Staff

MICHELLE K. SCHWALBE, Acting Director

JAMES LANCASTER, Director (through April 2021)

ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

BETH DOLAN, Financial Associate

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

AMISHA JINANDRA, Research Associate

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

3 Member, National Academy of Medicine.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

David E. Aspnes, NAS,1 North Carolina State University,

Cate Brinson, Duke University,

June Lau, National Institute of Standards and Technology, and

Karin M. Rabe, NAS, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Michael F. McGrath, McGrath Analytics, LLC. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25628.
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Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
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Emerging techniques in data analytics, including machine learning and artificial intelligence, offer exciting opportunities for advancing scientific discovery and innovation in materials science. Vast repositories of experimental data and sophisticated simulations are being utilized to predict material properties, design and test new compositions, and accelerate nearly every facet of traditional materials science. How can the materials science community take advantage of these opportunities while avoiding potential pitfalls? What roadblocks may impede progress in the coming years, and how might they be addressed?

To explore these issues, the Workshop on Data Analytics and What It Means to the Materials Community was organized as part of a workshop series on Defense Materials, Manufacturing, and Its Infrastructure. Hosted by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the 2-day workshop was organized around three main topics: materials design, data curation, and emerging applications. Speakers identified promising data analytics tools and their achievements to date, as well as key challenges related to dealing with sparse data and filling data gaps; decisions around data storage, retention, and sharing; and the need to access, combine, and use data from disparate sources. Participants discussed the complementary roles of simulation and experimentation and explored the many opportunities for data informatics to increase the efficiency of materials discovery, design, and testing by reducing the amount of experimentation required. With an eye toward the ultimate goal of enabling applications, attendees considered how to ensure that the benefits of data analytics tools carry through the entire materials development process, from exploration to validation, manufacturing, and use. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.

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