National Academies Press: OpenBook

Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines (2020)

Chapter: Front Matter

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
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Advanced Technologies for
GAS TURBINES

Committee on Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

A Consensus Study Report of

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Contract DE-EP0000026/89303018FFE40004 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Energy. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-66422-6
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-66422-5
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25630

Cover design by Tim Warchocki

Copies of this publication are available free of charge from

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Copyright 2020 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25630.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
×

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Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
×

COMMITTEE ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES FOR GAS TURBINES

DAVID E. CROW, NAE,1 University of Connecticut, Co-Chair

TRESA M. POLLOCK, NAE, University of California, Santa Barbara, Co-Chair

SEAN BRADSHAW, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Engines

MICHAEL J. FOUST, GE Aviation

BRIAN GRAHAM, GE Aviation

JOHN GÜLEN, Bechtel Infrastructure & Power

ALLISTER JAMES, Siemens Energy, Inc.

TIMOTHY C. LIEUWEN, NAE, Georgia Institute of Technology

MICHAEL J. MALONEY, NAE, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Engines (retired)

PARVIZ MOIN, NAS2/NAE, Stanford University

KAREN A. THOLE, Pennsylvania State University

FREDERIC VILLENEUVE, Siemens Energy, Inc.

CHARLES H. WARD, Air Force Research Laboratory

BERNHARD WINKELMANN, Solar Turbines, Inc.

Staff

ALAN ANGLEMAN, Senior Program Officer, Study Director

DANIEL NAGASAWA, Associate Program Officer

ANESIA WILKS, Senior Program Assistant

GAYBRIELLE HOLBERT, Program Assistant

COLLEEN HARTMAN, Director, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and Space Studies Board

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
×

AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ENGINEERING BOARD

ALAN H. EPSTEIN, NAE,1 Pratt & Whitney, Chair

BRIAN M. ARGROW, University of Colorado, Boulder

STEVEN J. BATTEL, NAE, Battel Engineering

MEYER J. BENZAKEIN, NAE, Ohio State University

EILEEN M. COLLINS, Space Presentations, LLC

EDWARD F. CRAWLEY, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MICHAEL P. DELANEY, Boeing Commercial Airplanes

KAREN FEIGH, Georgia Institute of Technology

ILAN KROO, NAE, Stanford University

ANDREW R. LACHER, MITRE Corporation

NICHOLAS D. LAPPOS, Sikorsky, a Lockheed Martin Company

MARK J. LEWIS, IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute

VALERIE MANNING, Airbus

RICHARD MCKINNEY, RWMckinney, LLC

PAMELA A. MELROY, Melroy & Hollett Technology Partners, LLC

PARVIZ MOIN, NAS2/NAE, Stanford University

JOHN M. OLSON, Polaris Industries

ELLEN M. PAWLIKOWSKI, NAS, Independent Consultant

ROBIE I. SAMANTA ROY, Lockheed Martin Corporation

WANDA A. SIGUR, NAE, Independent Consultant

ALAN M. TITLE, NAS/NAE, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center

DAVID M. VAN WIE, NAE, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

SHERRIE L. ZACHARIUS, Aerospace Corporation

Staff

COLLEEN N. HARTMAN, Director

TANJA PILZAK, Manager, Program Operations

CELESTE A. NAYLOR, Information Management Associate

MARGARET A. KNEMEYER, Financial Officer

ANDREA REBHOLZ, Program Associate

RADAKA LIGHTFOOT, Financial Associate

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
×

Preface

The Department of Energy requested that the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (the National Academies) convene an ad hoc committee to identify high-priority opportunities for improving and creating advanced technologies that can be introduced into the design and manufacture of gas turbines to enhance their performance (particularly with respect to efficiency and life-cycle cost). The committee was further tasked with determining the state of development that could be achieved by 2030.

The Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Academies’ Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences assembled a committee to carry out the assigned statement of task (see Appendix A). The committee members (see Appendix C) met four times during 2018 and 2019, three times at the National Academies’ facilities in Washington, D.C., and once at the National Academies’ facility in Irvine, California. As specified in the statement of task, the committee identified high-priority goals as well as research areas and topics that would most effectively achieve those goals. A summary of each of the research goals, areas, and topics appears in Appendix B.

David E. “Ed” Crow, Co-Chair
Tresa M. Pollock, Co-Chair
Committee on Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Eric H. Ducharme, NAE,1 General Electric Aviation,

Srinath V. Ekkad, North Carolina State University,

Nagi Gebraeel, Georgia Institute of Technology,

John W. Hutchinson, NAS2/NAE, Harvard University,

Yiguang Jurczyk, Princeton University,

Marybeth McBain, Kinder Morgan, Inc.,

Nitin P. Padture, Brown University,

Taryn Riley, Siemens Energy, Inc.,

Jayant Sabnis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and

Jon C. Schaeffer, NAE, GE Power & Water.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Dennis Bushnell, NAE, NASA Langley Research Center. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
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Leadership in gas turbine technologies is of continuing importance as the value of gas turbine production is projected to grow substantially by 2030 and beyond. Power generation, aviation, and the oil and gas industries rely on advanced technologies for gas turbines. Market trends including world demographics, energy security and resilience, decarbonization, and customer profiles are rapidly changing and influencing the future of these industries and gas turbine technologies. Technology trends that define the technological environment in which gas turbine research and development will take place are also changing - including inexpensive, large scale computational capabilities, highly autonomous systems, additive manufacturing, and cybersecurity. It is important to evaluate how these changes influence the gas turbine industry and how to manage these changes moving forward.

Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines identifies high-priority opportunities for improving and creating advanced technologies that can be introduced into the design and manufacture of gas turbines to enhance their performance. The goals of this report are to assess the 2030 gas turbine global landscape via analysis of global leadership, market trends, and technology trends that impact gas turbine applications, develop a prioritization process, define high-priority research goals, identify high-priority research areas and topics to achieve the specified goals, and direct future research. Findings and recommendations from this report are important in guiding research within the gas turbine industry and advancing electrical power generation, commercial and military aviation, and oil and gas production.

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