National Academies Press: OpenBook

Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines (2020)

Chapter: Appendix A: Statement of Task

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Statement of Task." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
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A

Statement of Task

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will convene an ad hoc committee to identify high-priority opportunities for improving and creating advanced technologies that can be introduced into the design and manufacture of gas turbine engines to substantially accelerate improvements to performance (e.g., efficiency and life-cycle cost). The committee will determine the state of development that could be achieved by 2030. Gas turbine applications of particular interest are as follows:

  • Combined cycle gas turbines to generate electrical power, such as:
    • Large, stationary turbines to power the electrical grid
  • Simple cycle gas turbines to generate electrical and mechanical power, such as:
    • Large, stationary turbines to power the electrical grid
    • Stationary turbines of various sizes to support oil and gas production and transmission
  • Gas turbines for commercial and military aircraft propulsion

The priority of specific advanced technologies shall be based on their breadth of application, the degree of improvement for individual applications, the timeliness with which the technologies could be matured, and other factors to be determined by the committee. The scope of the study shall include compressors, combustion systems, expanders, bearings, seals, instrumentation, and digital twins (i.e., virtual copies of operational gas turbines). In identifying high-priority opportunities for developing advanced technologies of interest, the committee shall consider the performance of current gas turbines and gas turbine components for the applications listed above, the state of the art of relevant manufacturing technologies, and ongoing efforts to develop advanced manufacturing technologies.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Statement of Task." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25630.
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Page 111
Next: Appendix B: Compendium of High-Priority Goals, Research Areas, Research Topics, and Their Summary Statements »
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Leadership in gas turbine technologies is of continuing importance as the value of gas turbine production is projected to grow substantially by 2030 and beyond. Power generation, aviation, and the oil and gas industries rely on advanced technologies for gas turbines. Market trends including world demographics, energy security and resilience, decarbonization, and customer profiles are rapidly changing and influencing the future of these industries and gas turbine technologies. Technology trends that define the technological environment in which gas turbine research and development will take place are also changing - including inexpensive, large scale computational capabilities, highly autonomous systems, additive manufacturing, and cybersecurity. It is important to evaluate how these changes influence the gas turbine industry and how to manage these changes moving forward.

Advanced Technologies for Gas Turbines identifies high-priority opportunities for improving and creating advanced technologies that can be introduced into the design and manufacture of gas turbines to enhance their performance. The goals of this report are to assess the 2030 gas turbine global landscape via analysis of global leadership, market trends, and technology trends that impact gas turbine applications, develop a prioritization process, define high-priority research goals, identify high-priority research areas and topics to achieve the specified goals, and direct future research. Findings and recommendations from this report are important in guiding research within the gas turbine industry and advancing electrical power generation, commercial and military aviation, and oil and gas production.

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