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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - Educational Tools." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook on Effective Land Use Compatibility Planning Strategies for General Aviation Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25633.
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Page 111
Page 112
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D - Educational Tools." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook on Effective Land Use Compatibility Planning Strategies for General Aviation Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25633.
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Page 112

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D-1 A P P E N D I X D Educational Tools General aviation airports are an integral link to our nation’s transportation system and contribute to the vitality of our economy. One of the greatest concerns facing these airports today is “encroachment”—the continued pressure brought by incompatible land uses that threaten and limit the operation of airports. Various government agencies have roles in sustaining the nation’s airport system and protecting the public from excessive noise and safety hazards. Individually, many incompatible land use decisions may appear to have a negligible impact; however, collectively and over time, poor land use decisions can lead to the restriction of airport activity or to airport closure, slowly eroding our aviation system. Research conducted for this Guidebook identified that education, communication, and outreach are essential factors in whether airport compatibility zoning is or can be effective at stopping encroachment of incompatible development. The best way to boost community awareness of the airport and compatibility issues is through education. One of the strategies included in Chapter 3 of this Guidebook suggests the airport sponsor host an educational seminar on airport land use compatibility with key stakeholders, such as local governing bodies, airport neighbors, and land use planning staff from surrounding jurisdictions. Ideally, a representative from both the airport and land use planning department would work together to host this educational seminar. This way, the hosts can highlight the roles and responsibilities of each office and the importance of having both disciplines interacting to achieve airport land use compatibility. This appendix provides a stock slide presentation on the topic of airport land use compatibility, providing an overview of the importance of responsible land use planning to prevent encroachment and preserving our nation’s aviation system. The presentation can be tailored to address the specific needs of a particular airport and surrounding communities and to reflect state-specific requirements and guidance. As with all good lessons, the best way to learn a new topic is to put it into practice. The final set of slides is provided as an audience participation exercise. Their purpose is to engage dialogue by prompting small groups to assess the compatibility of example land use development. For an editable version of the sample slide presentation, go to the TRB site (TRB.org) and search for “ACRP Research Report 206.”

Next: Appendix E - Airport Land Use Compatibility Brochure »
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Incompatible land uses can threaten the safe utility of airports and expose people living and working nearby to potentially unacceptable levels of noise or safety risk.

At the state level, all 50 states have enacted some form of airport zoning legislation since the 1950s. The majority of states (90 percent) have enacted laws mandating or enabling local governments to adopt, administer, and enforce airport zoning regulations.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Research Report 206: Guidebook on Effective Land Use Compatibility Planning Strategies for General Aviation Airports identifies that local adoption and implementation of airport land use compatibility regulations varies widely among local government agencies. While there is no one strategy that is effective for all airports, all airports need to be proactive about land use compatibility.

This guidebook will help airport operators understand the various tools for ensuring compatible land use and how best to communicate land use compatibility needs to government decision makers and land use professionals (among other stakeholders). It includes Self Assessment Checklists, an accompanying Power Point Presentation, and a quick-reference Planning Brochure.

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