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ACRP 01-35: TNCS: IMPACTS TO AIRPORT REVENUES AND OPERATIONS AUGUST 19, 2019 FINAL DRAFT DELIVERABLE Reference Guide | v | Preface PREFACE Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) 01-35, âTNCs: Impacts to Airport Revenue and Operationsâ examined transportation network companies (TNCs) from multiple perspectives: regulatory, financial, operational, and managerial. The project included a survey of large-, medium-, and small-hub airports, interviews with landside managers, the development of a disaggregate model, and a comprehensive review of the revenue and business impacts of TNCs. ACRP 01-35 builds on the Transportation Research Boardâs (TRBâs) continuing efforts to asses TNC impacts on urban mobility, and it acknowledges the important information provided in technical and policy presentations at recent TRB annual meetings, as well as the findings presented in a recent ACRP synthesis report.1 Industry organizations (American Association of Airport Executives [AAAE] and Airports Council International [ACI]) were also a valuable resource, especially in support of the airport survey. The research was guided by a panel of subject matter experts who worked to review interim products and ensure the quality and relevance of the final products. The principal product of the research is this Reference Guide, which is designed to help airport operators develop and implement practical approaches to managing TNCs within the context of commercial ground transportation policies and programs. The Guide presents best practices that have proven to be effective tools that airport operators can use to manage TNC operations and develop sustainable revenue models. The Guide will help airport operators make judicious decisions about managing TNCs consistent with the objectives of their overall ground access programs. In particular, it will help airport operators evaluate the tradeoffs among customer service, revenue generation, current operations, and long-term facility planning. An important theme in the Guide is that airport operators need tools not only to manage current operations but also to seek insight into the consequences of changes to their operations, regulations, and revenue models. The result of this research comprises specific tools, guidelines, and policy levers that airport operators can use to support decision-making in a rapidly evolving environment. The four audiences for the Reference Guide are: ï§ Executive-level managers, planners, and legal staff who are charged with ground access policy development and managing their airportâs TNC regulatory framework. ï§ Landside supervisors with day-to-day responsibility for ensuring the safe and efficient operation of ground transportation operations and facilities; and transportation engineers and planners responsible for analyzing curb operations and developing capital improvements. ï§ Finance and business development analysts who track the relative contributions and trends of commercial ground transportation revenue and the impacts on airport finances and capital programs. ï§ Information technology staff responsible for implementing programs that track historical commercial ground transportation data and activities and identify trends. 1 Transportation Research Board, Airport Cooperative Research Program, Synthesis 84: Transportation Network Companies: Challenges and Opportunities for Airport Operators, 2017.
ACRP 01-35: TNCS: IMPACTS TO AIRPORT REVENUES AND OPERATIONS AUGUST 19, 2019 FINAL DRAFT DELIVERABLE Reference Guide | vi | Preface The working definition of a TNC used throughout the Reference Guide is the following: A ground transportation corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship, or other entity authorized by a statutory regulatory body, under which an operator provides prearranged, for-hire services for compensation, through mobile device application technology that connects drivers of personal vehicles to passengers for transportation to and from an airport. Several terms are currently used to describe the technology-enabled TNC services, among them: ridesharing, ride- hailing, ride-sourcing, and app rides. In order to distinguish the on-demand TNC services from traditional ridesharing operations (i.e., carpooling and vanpooling), this Reference Guide considers the term TNC to be synonymous with âride-hailing.â2 The Reference Guide has six sections: ï§ Section 1 (Introduction) presents the problem statement and the research approach. ï§ Section 2 presents an overview of TNCsâtheir emergence, development, and business model. ï§ Sections 3 and 4 present a summary of impacts on operations and revenues. ï§ Section 5 (Best Practices) is organized according to four categories ranging from policy development, regulations, and landside operations to business practices, capital programming, and technology. Each category is structured to present a situation assessment, examples of best practices, and tools. ï§ Section 6 presents recommendations for implementing the research findings, updating the research, and identifying future research topics. This Reference Guide complements the following ACRP research related to ground access planning, analysis, and management: ï§ Strategic Planning in the Airport Industry (ACRP 20) ï§ Airport Curbside and Terminal Area Roadway Operations (ACRP 40) ï§ Collaborative Airport Capital Planning Handbook (ACRP 49) ï§ Commercial Ground Transportation at Airports (ACRP 146) ï§ Rethinking Airport Parking Facilities to Protect and Enhance Non-Aeronautical Revenue (ACRP 03-47, in progress) ï§ Transportation Network Companies: Challenges and Opportunities for Airport Operators (ACRP Synthesis 84) 2 âRidesourcing companies (typically referred to as transportation network companies (TNCs) and ride-hailing) provide prearranged and on-demand transportation services for compensation, which connect drivers of personal vehicles with passengers. Smartphone mobile applications facilitate booking, ratings (for both drivers and passengers), and electronic payment.â Shaheen, S., A. Cohen, and I. Zohdy, Shared Mobility: Current Practices and Guiding Principles. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, April 2016.