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Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports (2021)

Chapter: Appendix C - Examples of Emissions and Technology Roadmaps

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Page 85
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Examples of Emissions and Technology Roadmaps." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25677.
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Page 85
Page 86
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Examples of Emissions and Technology Roadmaps." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25677.
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Page 86

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C-1   Examples of Emissions and Technology Roadmaps Table C-1 provides examples of technology roadmaps that can be used to achieve zero- or low-emissions targets in a future year. A P P E N D I X C

C-2 Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports Table C-1. Examples of emissions roadmaps. Roadmap/Plan Sector Target Technology Priorities Time Horizon Reference Vancouver International Airport Carbon Reduction Roadmap Airport Carbon neutral by 2020 and carbon free in 2050. Renewable natural gas, green electricity, conservation. 2020- 2050 YVR (2020) SFO Airport's Roadmap to Zero Carbon Airport Achieve carbon neutrality and reduce GHG emissions by 50%, from a 1990 baseline, by 2021; achieve recognition at the ACA Level 3+ (carbon neutrality) level by 2021. Renewable fuels, ZEV fleets, and a new Heat Recovery Chiller Plant. 2016- 2021 SFO (2018) IATA Technology Roadmap Aviation Global aviation carbon emissions: an average improvement in fuel efficiency of 1.5% per year from 2009 to 2020; a cap on net aviation CO2 emissions from 2020 (carbon neutral growth); a reduction in net CO2 emissions of 50% by 2050 relative to 2005 levels. Fuel-efficient airframe and engine technologies. 2013- 2050 IATA (2013) Getting to Zero: A Pathway to a Carbon Neutral Seattle City Become a carbon neutral city by 2050. Cleaner fuels, energy efficiency. 2011- 2050 Lazarus et al. (2011) Zero Carbon Australia Stationary Energy Plan Stationary Energy 100% stationary energy from renewable energy sources by 2020. Renewables (combining solar thermal + wind) - Centralized energy grid via solar thermal. 2010- 2020 Wright and Hearps (2010) Wind Water Solar 139 countries, all 50 states, many cities Transition all primary energy sources to renewables and electrify all end uses by 2050. Wind, hydro- electric, solar, tidal. Electrification of all end uses. Today to 2050 Jacobson et al. (2018) United Kingdom Road to Zero Strategy Automobile industry End the sale of new conventional petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2040, with the expectation that the majority of new cars and vans sold will be 100% zero emission and that all new cars and vans will have significant zero emission capability. Battery-electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles. 2018- 2040 UK (2018)

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Airports worldwide are setting aggressive zero- or low-emissions targets. To meet these targets, airports are deploying new strategies, adopting innovative financing mechanisms, and harnessing the collective influence of voluntary emissions and reporting programs. In tandem, new and affordable zero- or low-emissions technologies are rapidly becoming available at airports.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's pre-publication draft of ACRP Research Report 220: Guidebook for Developing a Zero- or Low-Emissions Roadmap at Airports covers all steps of roadmap development, from start to finish, using conceptual diagrams, examples, best practices, and links to external tools and resources. While the main focus of this Guidebook is airport‐controlled greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it provides discussion about airport‐influenced emissions from airlines, concessionaires, and passengers.

Whereas other guidebooks and reference material provide airports with information on emissions mitigation and management (for example, the Federal Aviation Administration’s Airport Carbon Emissions Reduction, ACRP Report 11: Guidebook on Preparing Airport Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventories, and the Airport Council International’s Guidance Manual: Airport Greenhouse Gas Emissions Management), this Guidebook articulates steps for creating an airport‐specific emissions roadmap.

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