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Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25744.
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Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25744.
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Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25744.
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Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25744.
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Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25744.
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Suggested Citation:"Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25744.
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175 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). 2014. AASHTO Drainage Manual, 1st Edition. Arrow, K., et al. 2013. “How Should Benefits and Costs Be Discounted in an Intergenerational Context?” Online: https://www.rff.org/publications/working-papers/how-should-benefits-and-costs-be-discounted-in-an- intergenerational-context-the-views-of-an-expert-panel/. Bca.transportationeconomics.org. “Transportation Benefit-Cost Analysis.” Online: http://bca.transportation economics.org/home. Accessed 2017. Belman, F. 2016. “What’s So Great About This Rest Stop? Basically Everything.” Boston Globe, August 19. Online: https://www.bostonglobe.com/lifestyle/travel/2016/08/18/rest-stop-worthy-being-actual-destination/ Udoz3TnSCPf7gUytq4MBDO/story.html. Blanc, E., J. Caron, C. Fant, and E. Monier. 2017. “Is Current Irrigation Sustainable in the United States? An Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Water Resources and Irrigated Crop Yields.” Earth’s Future. Online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016EF000473. Brekke, L., B. L. Thrasher, E. P. Maurer, and T. Pruitt. 2013. Downscaled CMIP3 and CMIP5 Climate Projections. Online: https://gdo-dcp.ucllnl.org/downscaled_cmip_projections/techmemo/downscaled_climate.pdf. Brookings Institution. 2017. “The Social Costs of Carbon.” Online: https://www.brookings.edu/testimonies/ the-social-costs-of-carbon/. California Air Resources Board. 2011. “Powering the Future: A Vision for Clean Energy, Clear Skies, and a Growing Economy in Southern California.” Online: https://www.arb.ca.gov/newsrel/2011/powering_the_ future.pdf. California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research. 2009a. Climate Change Scenarios and Sea Level Rise Estimates for the California 2009 Climate Change Scenarios Assessment. Online: https://ww2.energy. ca.gov/2009publications/CEC-500-2009-014/CEC-500-2009-014-F.PDF. California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research. 2009b. The Impacts of Sea Level Rise on the California Coast. Online: https://ww2.energy.ca.gov/2009publications/CEC-500-2009-024/CEC-500-2009- 024-F.PDF. Caltrans. 2018. “Erosion Control Toolbox: Biofiltration Introduction.” Online: https://dot.ca.gov/programs/ design/lap-erosion-control-design/tool-1-lap-erosion-control-toolbox/tool-1jj-36-biofiltration. Caron, L. P., C. G. Jones, and K. Winger. 2011. “Impact of Resolution and Downscaling Technique in Simulat- ing Recent Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity.” Climate Dynamics, Vol. 37, pp. 869-892. Online: https://link. springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-010-0846-7. Coley, N. 2012. “Spotlight on Benefit-Cost Analysis.” Public Roads, Vol. 75, No. 5. Online: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ publications/publicroads/12marapr/05.cfm. Conference of European Directors of Roads. 2016. Acting on Climate Change. Online: https://www.cedr.eu/ download/Publications/2016/CEDR2016-5_Acting-on-climate-change.pdf. Dahl, K. 2017. “This Is Your Planet on Sea Level Rise. Any Questions?” Union of Concerned Scientists (blog). Online: http://blog.ucsusa.org/kristy-dahl/this-is-your-planet-on-sea-level-rise-any-questions. Daly, H., and J. Farley. 2004. Ecological Economics: Principle and Applications. Washington, DC: Island Press. Dewberry and Venner Consulting. 2016. “NCHRP 20-59(53): Floodcast: A Framework for Enhanced Flood Event Decision Making for Transportation Resilience: Practitioner Guidebook.” NCHRP Project 20-59(53). On- line: http://floodcast.info/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/NCHRP-20-5953Floodcast-Practitioner- Guidebook.compressed.pdf. Douglass, S. L., B. M. Webb, and R. Kilgore. 2014. Highways in the Coastal Environment: Assessing Extreme Events. Report No. FHWA-NHI-14-006. FHWA. Bibliography

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Extreme weather events and a changing climate increasingly boost costs to transportation agencies and to the traveling public. While Departments of Transportation (DOTs) are taking into account changing climate and extreme weather when making infrastructure decisions, they typically are not using a formal set of tools or cost-benefit analyses (CBAs) to address climate resilience because they may be too time-consuming and expensive to conduct routinely.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Research Report 938: Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook was developed to try to fill the gaps identified by DOTs. It is intended to provide a consolidated resource for transportation practitioners to be able to more readily consider CBAs as a tool in their investment-decision making processes when considering different climate and extreme weather adaptation alternatives.

This report has additional resources, including a web-only document NCHRP Web-Only Document 271: Guidelines to Incorporate the Costs andBenefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change, a Power Point presentation that describes the research and the results, a spreadsheet tool that provides an approximate test to see if it would be cost-effective to upgrade assets to the future conditions posed by climate change, and a spreadsheet tool that uses existing conditions without climate change only to calculate the new return period for future conditions with climate change.

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