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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
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ADVANCING URBAN
SUSTAINABILITY
IN CHINA
AND THE UNITED STATES

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Franklin Carrero-Martínez, Jennifer Saunders, and Emi Kameyama,
Rapporteurs

Committee on Advancing Urban Sustainability in
China and the United States:
A Workshop

Science and Technology for Sustainability Program

Policy and Global Affairs

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s George and Cynthia Mitchell Endowment for Sustainability Science. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-67721-9
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-67721-1
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25794

Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2020 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.s https://doi.org/10.17226/25794.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCING URBAN SUSTAINABILITY IN CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES: A WORKSHOP

Karen Seto (NAS) (Chair), Frederick C. Hixon Professor of Geography and Urbanization Science, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University

Robert Cervero, Professor and Chair, Department of City and Regional Planning, University of California, Berkeley

Frances Colón, Chief Executive Officer, Jasperi Consulting

Susan Hanson (NAS), Distinguished University Professor Emerita, School of Geography, Clark University

Jiahua Pan, Director, Institute for Urban and Environmental Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Yong-Guan Zhu, Professor, Biogeochemistry and Environmental Biology; Director General, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Project Staff

Franklin Carrero-Martínez, Senior Director, Science and Technology for Sustainability Program; Theme Lead, Global Policy and Development

Emi Kameyama, Associate Program Officer, Science and Technology for Sustainability Program

Melissa Franks, Senior Program Assistant, Science and Technology for Sustainability Program (until February 2020)

Consultant

Jennifer Saunders, Consultant writer

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
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Preface and Acknowledgments

Both the United States and China are experiencing major urban challenges due to rapid population growth and other factors. For instance, in the United States, the urban proportion of the population has grown to over 80 percent in the last decade. Demographers forecast that it is expected to reach about 89 percent by 2050. During this same period, China will experience even more dramatic urbanization: Its urban population will increase from about 50 percent to about 78 percent. This growth is taking place as cities face growing challenges in multiple fronts, including, among other things, climate change, water and energy shortages, pollution, and aging infrastructure. As the growth of Chinese and U.S. cities continue to accelerate, it is important for the scientific community to support research that will further collective understanding of the interconnections between the natural and built environments and how they interact with society.

On December 16, 2019, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Science and Technology for Sustainability program, in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, convened a one-day public workshop on urban sustainability in China and the United States. The workshop focused on the intersection of urban climate change mitigation and adaptation, urban health, and sustainable transportation, including green infrastructure and urban flooding in both countries. The workshop was made possible by financial support from the National Acad-

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
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emies George and Cynthia Mitchell Endowment for Sustainability Science, whom we thank for its support.

This Proceedings of a Workshop was prepared by the workshop rapporteurs as a factual summary of what was presented and discussed at the workshop. The planning committee’s role was limited to planning and convening the workshop. The statements made are those of the rapporteurs and do not necessarily represent positions of the workshop participants as a whole, the planning committee, or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. We wish to extend sincere thanks to all the members of the planning committee for their contributions in scoping, developing, and carrying out this project.

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Chris Hendrickson, Carnegie Mellon University (retired); Catherine Ross, Georgia Institute of Technology; Yan Song, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; and Kongjian Yu, Peking University. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Franklin Carrero-Martínez, Senior Director
Science and Technology for Sustainability Program

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25794.
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Page R10
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Advancing Urban Sustainability in China and the United States: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
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In November 2018, National Academy of Sciences (NAS) President Marcia McNutt visited China for the first time in her official role. As part of this visit, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Science and Technology for Sustainability (STS) program and the Chinese Academy of Sciences organized a one-day workshop relating to urban sustainability in Beijing. The goal of the visit was to begin to explore some areas where the U.S. National Academies and the Chinese Academy might develop collaboration. At the same time, the trip provided an opportunity to develop links to other parts of the science and technology community in China.

To further elucidate some of these issues and build upon current partnerships, an expert committee under the STS program, in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, organized a one-day public workshop on urban sustainability in China and the United States, held on December 16, 2019. The workshop focused on the intersection of urban climate change mitigation and adaptation, urban health, and sustainable transportation, including green infrastructure and urban flooding in both countries. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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