The Role of Advanced Technologies
in Structural Engineering
for More Resilient Communities
Proceedings of a Workshop
Kylan Foster, Rapporteur
Roundtable on Risk, Resilience, and Extreme Events
Policy and Global Affairs
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001
This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the United States Geological Survey (#PS100002294). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.
International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-67737-0
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-67737-8
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25797
Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.
Copyright 2020 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America
Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. The Role of Advanced Technologies in Structural Engineering for More Resilient Communities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25797.
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Resilient America Roundtable
LINDA LANGSTON, (Chair), Director of Strategic Relations, National Association of Counties
JANICE BARNES, Principal/Director of Resilience, Waggonner and Ball
JAINEY BAVISHI, Director of NYC Mayor’s Office of Recovery and Resilience
RAY BONILLA, Executive Director, IT Resiliency and Disaster Recovery Services, Kaiser Permanente
THOMAS BOSTICK (Lieutenant General, U.S. Army Ret.), COO, Intrexon Corporation
DANIEL BURGER, Chair, Charleston Resilience Network
JANE CAGE, Principal, InsightFive22 and Senior Advisor for Homeland Security and Emergency Management, Innovative Emergency Management
JAMES CARD, Vice Admiral (Ret.), Untied States Coast Guard
ARRIETTA CHAKOS, Policy Advisor, Urban Resilience Strategies
ANITA CHANDRA, Vice President and Director, RAND Social and Economic Well-Being, RAND Corporation
DANIEL COTTER, Director of the First Responders Group in the Science and Technology Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
SUSAN CUTTER, Professor of Geography, University of South Carolina
TAMARA DICKINSON, President, Science Matters Consulting, LLC
JOHN DORMAN, Assistant State Emergency Management Director for Risk Management, North Carolina Department of Public Safety, North Carolina Emergency Management
JAMES GORE, Chairman, Sonoma County Board of Supervisors
MIKE GRIMM, Assistant Administrator, Risk Management Directorate, Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency
GEOFFREY HEAL, Professor of Economics, Columbia Business School
KEVIN P. HEASLIP, Associate Professor of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
QUINTUS JETT, Assistant Professor, Rutgers University-Newark
SUSAN W. KIEFFER (NAS), Emeritus Professor of Geology and Physics, Center for Advanced Study, and Charles R. Walgreen Chair, Geology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
ANN LESPERANCE, Director, Northwest Regional Technology Center, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and Director of College of Social Services and Humanities Program, Northeastern University
KRISTIN LUDWIG, Staff Scientist, Natural Hazards Mission Area, U.S. Geological Survey
DAVID MILLER, Independent Contractor
STEVE MODDEMEYER, Principal, CollinsWoerman Architects
BROOKS NELSON, Director, Global Resilience, US Chamber of Commerce Foundation
LORI PEEK, Professor, Department of Sociology and Director, Natural Hazards Center, University of Colorado Boulder
CHRIS POLAND (NAE), Consulting Engineer, Chris D. Poland Consulting Engineer
OTIS ROLLEY, Managing Director, Economic Resilience and Operations, U.S. Jobs and Economic Opportunity, The Rockefeller Foundation
MONICA SCHOCH-SPANA, Senior Scholar, Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, JHU School of Public Health
ROSS STEIN, Co-founder and CEO, Temblor, Inc.
ERIC TATE, Associate Professor, University of Iowa
ERIN WALSH, Program Manager, Science and Technology Directorate, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
DAVID YOSKOWITZ, Chair, Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies and Professor, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi
Workshop Planning Committee
RON EGUCHI (Chair), President and CEO, ImageCat
MARIA FENG, Renwick Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Columbia University
TING LIN, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering, Texas Tech University
STEVE MODDEMEYER, Principal, CollinsWoerman
FARZAD NAEIM, Founder and President, Farzad Naeim, Inc.
CHRIS POLAND, (NAE), Consulting Engineer, Chris D. Poland Consulting Engineer
SEYMOUR SPENCE, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan
LAUREN ALEXANDER AUGUSTINE, Director, Resilient America Roundtable (until 2019); Executive Director, Gulf Research Program
CHARLENE MILLIKEN, Senior Program Officer
JOHN-BEN SOILEAU, Associate Program Officer
DANIELLE GOLDSMITH, Senior Program Assistant (until May 2020)
SHERRIE FORREST, Senior Program Officer (until December 2019)
JAMIE BIGLOW, Research Associate (until December 2017)
MAGGIE ESCH, Research Associate (until September 2018)
DANIELLE NAGELE, Associate Program Officer (until January 2018)
Preface and Acknowledgments
The 2012 National Research Council report, Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative, stressed that having greater resilience to natural disasters can help reduce risks and vulnerability to extreme events, decrease their costs, and mitigate their impacts (NRC, 2012).1 The report defines resilience as the ability to prepare and plan for, absorb, recover from, or more successfully adapt to actual or potential adverse events. It articulated four key actions for building resilience: 1) communicate, understand, and manage risk; 2) measure resilience in communities; 3) build and strengthen partnerships with stakeholders vested in building community resilience; and 4) share information, tools, and data about best practices, hazards, communications, and policies that build resilience.
The workshop, The Role of Advanced Technologies in Structural Engineering for More Resilient Communities, on which this volume is based, facilitated the exchange of information across the public, private, and academic sectors to explore how technological advancements in structural engineering and construction—including design, analysis, and performance evaluation—could be translated and used to advance resilience objectives, goals, and outcomes in communities as they prepare for future hazard events.
This activity was a collaborative effort; its success would not have been possible without the invaluable contributions of the speakers, panelists, moderators, and participants who donated their time and expertise to inform these discussions. The committee would like to give a special thanks to the speakers, panelists, and moderators: Janice Barnes, Waggonner and Ball; Paul Brown, Paul Redvers Brown, Inc.; Oral Buyukozturk, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Arrietta Chakos, Urban Resilience Strategies; Craig Davis, Professional Consultant, C. A. Davis Engineering; Reginald DesRoches, Rice University; Ron Eguchi, ImageCat, Inc.; Maria Feng, Columbia University; Daniel Hiller, Fraunhofer EMI; Ting Lin, Texas Tech University; Jerome Lynch, University of Michigan; David Mar, Mar Structural Design; Peter Marx, GE Digital; Steve Moddemeyer, CollinsWoerman Architects; Robert Moser, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center; Farzad Naeim, Farzad Naeim, Inc.; Chris Poland, Chris D. Poland Consulting Engineer; Seymour Spence, University of Michigan; and Alex Stolz, Fraunhofer EMI.
The committee also wishes to thank the American Society of Civil Engineers, Structural Engineering Institute, and the Advances in Information Technology Committee for their vision, expertise, and insights in bringing this event together. We thank each member of the planning committee for their contributions and insight in planning, developing, and organizing this workshop; we gratefully acknowledge their assistance and time: Ron Eguchi (chair), Maria Feng, Ting Lin, Steve Moddemeyer, Farzad Naeim, Chris Poland, and Seymour Spence.
Acknowledgment of Reviewers
This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences,
1 National Research Council. 2012. Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.
We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Rachel Davidson, University of Delaware; Ron Eguchi, ImageCat, Inc; Paolo Gardoni, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; and Uksun Kim, California State University, Fullerton.
Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Michael Kavanaugh, Geosyntec Consultants. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.
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