National Academies Press: OpenBook

Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations (2020)

Chapter: Appendix C: Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee

« Previous: Appendix B: National Academies Reports Related to Gulf Theater Veterans' Health
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
×
Page 243
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
×
Page 244
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
×
Page 245
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
×
Page 246
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
×
Page 247
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
×
Page 248

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Appendix C Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee 1990– 1991 Smoking Gulf Post- Status Referencea Population War 9/11 Study Populationb Outcomes Assessedc Collectedd Abraham and U.S. active-duty X   Asthma; Baird, 2012 service members COPD; Pneumonia Abraham et U.S. service X   Respiratory Symptoms al., 2012 members (ICD-9-CM 786); Asthma; COPD; Chronic Bronchitis Abraham et U.S. service X AFHSC Respiratory Symptoms al., 2014 members (ICD-9-CM 786); Asthma; COPD Baird et al., U.S./active-duty X   Respiratory Symptoms 2012 Army personnel (ICD-9-CM 786); Sinusitis and Rhinitis; Asthma; COPD; Acute Bronchitis (ICD-9- CM 460–466) Banoei et al., U.S. veterans X X   Interstitial Lung Disease 2019 (sarcoidosis) Barth et al., U.S. veterans X NewGen Sinusitis and Rhinitis; X 2014 Asthma; Chronic Bronchitis continued 243

244 RESPIRATORY HEALTH EFFECTS OF AIRBORNE HAZARDS EXPOSURES 1990– 1991 Smoking Gulf Post- Status Referencea Population War 9/11 Study Populationb Outcomes Assessedc Collectedd Barth et al., U.S. veterans X NewGen Sinusitis and Rhinitis; X 2016a Asthma; Chronic Bronchitis Barth et al., U.S. veterans X   Mortality 2016b Bollinger et U.S. veterans X   Mortality al., 2015 Butzko et al., U.S. veterans X WRIISC Pulmonary Function X 2019 Testing Davy et al., Australian Defence X   Pulmonary Function X 2012 Force active-duty Testing; personnel COPD DelVecchio et U.S. active-duty X   Asthma al., 2015 Army personnel Díaz Santana U.S. veterans X NewGen Sleep Apnea et al., 2017 Dion et al., U.S. Army soldiers X   Vocal Cord Dysfunction X 2013 Eick et al., U.S. active-duty X   Pneumonia 2011 service members Falvo et al., U.S. veterans X WRIISC Pulmonary Function X 2016a Testing Falvo et al., U.S. veterans X WRIISC Pulmonary Function 2016b Testing Forbes et al., U.S. active-duty X   Interstitial Lung Disease 2019 service members (sarcoidosis) Gwini et al., Australian veterans X   Sleep Apnea; X 2016 Asthma Hines et al., U.S. veterans X VA Depleted Uranium Respiratory Symptoms X 2013 Surveillance Program (frequent cough, coughing up phlegm, shortness of breath, wheezing); Sinusitis and Rhinitis; Pulmonary Function Testing; Asthma; Emphysema Holley et al., U.S. service X   Pulmonary Function X 2016 members, National Testing Guard/reserves

APPENDIX C 245 1990– 1991 Smoking Gulf Post- Status Referencea Population War 9/11 Study Populationb Outcomes Assessedc Collectedd Hooper et al., U.S. active-duty X   Sinusitis and Rhinitis; 2008 veterans of Gulf War Interstitial Lung Disease (sarcoidosis); Pneumonia Jani et al., U.S. service X AH&OBP Registry/ Respiratory Symptoms X 2017a members WRIISC (dyspnea, decreased exercise tolerance) Jani et al., U.S. service X AH&OBP Registry Constrictive Bronchiolitis X 2017b members Khalil et al., U.S. veterans X Gulf War Era Cohort Respiratory Symptoms 2018 and Biorepository (difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, frequent coughing without a cold, wheezing in chest); Sleep Apnea; COPD; Emphysema; Constrictive Bronchiolitis; TB; Cancers King et al., U.S. active-duty X   Constrictive Bronchiolitis X 2011 Army soldiers Krefft et al., U.S. veterans X   Respiratory Symptoms X 2017 (cough, chest tightness, wheezing, shortness of breath, decreased exercise tolerance); Pulmonary Function Testing; Emphysema; Constrictive Bronchiolitis; Interstitial Lung Disease (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) Krefft et al., U.S. service X   Pulmonary Function X 2020 members Testing; Emphysema; Constrictive Bronchiolitis; Interstitial Lung Disease (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) Lindheimer et U.S. veterans X WRIISC Pulmonary Function X al., 2019 Testing continued

246 RESPIRATORY HEALTH EFFECTS OF AIRBORNE HAZARDS EXPOSURES 1990– 1991 Smoking Gulf Post- Status Referencea Population War 9/11 Study Populationb Outcomes Assessedc Collectedd Liu et al., U.S. service X AH&OBP Registry Asthma; X 2016 members COPD; Emphysema; Chronic Bronchitis Madar et al., U.S. military X X   Pulmonary Function X 2017 personnel Testing; Constrictive Bronchiolitis; Interstitial Lung Disease (sarcoidosis, acute eosinophilic pneumonia, pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, idiopathic interstitial pneumonia) Matthews et U.S. active-duty X   Pulmonary Function X al., 2014 service members Testing; COPD; Emphysema Maule et al., Veterans (Australia, X   Respiratory Symptoms 2018 Denmark, United (coughing, wheezing, Kingdom, United shortness of breath); States) Sinusitis and Rhinitis; Asthma Morris et al., U.S. active-duty X STAMPEDE Respiratory Symptoms 2014 service members (dyspnea, cough, wheeze, sputum production); Pulmonary Function Testing Morris et al., U.S. active-duty X STAMPEDE Respiratory Symptoms X 2019 Army personnel (dyspnea, cough, wheezing, sputum production, exercise intolerance); Pulmonary Function Testing Morris et al., U.S. service X STAMPEDE Respiratory Symptoms X 2020 members (exertional dyspnea, cough, wheeze, sputum production, decreased exercise tolerance); Pulmonary Function Testing; Constrictive Bronchiolitis OIF SAPEG, U.S. active duty X   Interstitial Lung Disease X 2003 military personnel, (acute eosinophilic Reserve/National pneumonia) Guard

APPENDIX C 247 1990– 1991 Smoking Gulf Post- Status Referencea Population War 9/11 Study Populationb Outcomes Assessedc Collectedd Peacock et al., U.S. veterans X Comprehensive Clinical Sleep Apnea 1997 Evaluation Program Pugh et al., U.S. veterans X   Asthma; X 2016 COPD; Interstitial Lung Disease Rivera et al., U.S. service X Millennium Cohort Asthma X 2018 members, Reserve/ Study National Guard Rohrbeck et U.S. active-duty X   Respiratory Symptoms al., 2016 service members (ICD-9-CM 786); Sleep Apnea; Cancers Roop et al., U.S. active-duty X   Asthma X 2007 Army soldiers Saers et al., Swedish military X   Respiratory Symptoms X 2017 personnel (wheeze, wheeze with breathlessness, wheeze without a cold, nocturnal chest tightness, nocturnal breathlessness, nocturnal cough); Chronic Bronchitis Sharkey et al., U.S. service X AFHSC Respiratory Symptoms X 2015 members (ICD-9-CM 786); Asthma; COPD; Acute Bronchitis Sharkey et al., U.S. service X AFHSC Respiratory Symptoms X 2016 members (ICD-9-CM 786); Asthma; COPD Shorr et al., U.S. active-duty X   Interstitial Lung Disease X 2004 service members (acute eosinophilic pneumonia) Sine et al., U.S. active-duty X   Interstitial Lung Disease X 2018 service members (acute eosinophilic pneumonia) Smith et al., U.S. active-duty X Millennium Cohort Sinusitis and Rhinitis; 2008 service members Study Sleep Apnea; Asthma; Emphysema; Chronic Bronchitis continued

248 RESPIRATORY HEALTH EFFECTS OF AIRBORNE HAZARDS EXPOSURES 1990– 1991 Smoking Gulf Post- Status Referencea Population War 9/11 Study Populationb Outcomes Assessedc Collectedd Smith et al., U.S. service X Millennium Cohort Respiratory Symptoms X 2009 members, Reserve/ Study (persistent or recurring National Guard cough or shortness of breath); Asthma; Emphysema; Chronic Bronchitis Smith et al., U.S. service X Millennium Cohort Respiratory Symptoms X 2012 members Study (persistent or recurring cough or shortness of breath); Asthma; Emphysema; Chronic Bronchitis Soltis et al., U.S. active-duty X   Acute Bronchitis 2009 service members Szema et al., U.S. veterans X   Asthma 2010 Szema et al., U.S. veterans X   Pulmonary Function X 2011 Testing Taylor and British active-duty X   Respiratory Symptoms Ross, 2019 service personnel (shortness of breath, wheeze, cough); Sinusitis and Rhinitis Weinstein et U.S. active-duty X   Pulmonary Function al., 2016 service members Testing Woods et al., U.S. active-duty   Asthma X 2018 Army personnel Zundel et al., U.S. veterans X   Asthma; X 2019 Chronic Bronchitis * “Newly Reviewed” studies are those that have not been addressed in previous National Academies reports. a Full citations may be found in the References section of Chapter 4. b Study populations of cohorts that were specified in the Statement of Task are noted. c Only those outcomes that are addressed in the report are listed. A study may have also addressed other outcomes. d An “X” indicates that information on smoking was collected, but this does not necessarily mean that it was collected consistently or used in analyses. NOTE: AFHSC, Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center; AH&OBP, Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit; COPD, chronic obstructive pul- ­ monary disease; ICD-9-CM, International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition, Clinical Modification; NewGen, National Health Study for a New ­ eneration of U.S. Veterans; STAMPEDE, Study of Active Duty Military for Pulmonary Disease Related to Environmental Deployment G E ­ xposures; TB, tuberculosis; WRIISC, VA War Related Illness and Injury Study Center.

Next: Appendix D: Committee Member and Staff Biographical Sketches »
Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $75.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

More than 3.7 million U.S. service members have participated in operations taking place in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations since 1990. These operations include the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf War, a post-war stabilization period spanning 1992 through September 2001, and the campaigns undertaken in the wake of the September 11, 2001, attacks. Deployment to Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Afghanistan exposed service members to a number of airborne hazards, including oil-well fire smoke, emissions from open burn pits, dust and sand suspended in the air, and exhaust from diesel vehicles. The effects of these were compounded by stressors like excessive heat and noise that are inevitable attributes of service in a combat environment.

Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations reviews the scientific evidence regarding respiratory health outcomes in veterans of the Southwest Asia conflicts and identifies research that could feasibly be conducted to address outstanding questions and generate answers, newly emerging technologies that could aid in these efforts, and organizations that the Veterans Administration might partner with to accomplish this work.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!