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Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations (2020)

Chapter: Appendix B: National Academies Reports Related to Gulf Theater Veterans' Health

« Previous: Appendix A: Public Meeting Agendas
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: National Academies Reports Related to Gulf Theater Veterans' Health." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
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Page 239
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: National Academies Reports Related to Gulf Theater Veterans' Health." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
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Page 240
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: National Academies Reports Related to Gulf Theater Veterans' Health." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
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Page 241
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: National Academies Reports Related to Gulf Theater Veterans' Health." National Research Council. 2020. Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25837.
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Page 242

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Appendix B National Academies Reports Related to Gulf Theater Veterans’ Health Title Year Health Consequences of Service During the Persian Gulf War: Initial Findings and Recommendations 1995 for Immediate Action Health Consequences of Service During the Persian Gulf War: Recommendations for Research and 1996 Information Systems Adequacy of the Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program: A Focused Assessment 1997 Measuring the Health of Persian Gulf Veterans: Workshop Summary 1998 Gulf War Veterans: Measuring Health 1999 Gulf War and Health: Volume 1: Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, and Vaccines 2000 Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces: Detecting, Characterizing, and Documenting 2000 Exposures Gulf War Veterans: Treating Symptoms and Syndromes 2001 Gulf War and Health: Volume 2: Insecticides and Solvents 2003 Gulf War and Health: Updated Literature Review of Sarin 2004 Gulf War and Health: Volume 3: Fuels, Combustion Products, and Propellants 2005 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in Veterans: Review of the Scientific Literature 2006 Gulf War and Health: Volume 4: Health Effects of Serving in the Gulf War 2006 239

240 RESPIRATORY HEALTH EFFECTS OF AIRBORNE HAZARDS EXPOSURES Title Year Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis and Assessment 2006 Gulf War and Health: Volume 5: Infectious Diseases 2007 Epidemiologic Studies of Veterans Exposed to Depleted Uranium: Feasibility and Design Issues 2008 Gulf War and Health: Updated Literature Review of Depleted Uranium 2008 Gulf War and Health: Volume 6: Physiologic, Psychologic, and Psychosocial Effects of Deployment- 2008 Related Stress Gulf War and Health: Volume 7: Long-Term Consequences of Traumatic Brain Injury 2009 Gulf War and Health: Volume 8: Update of Health Effects of Serving in the Gulf War 2010 Returning Home from Iraq and Afghanistan: Preliminary Assessment of Readjustment Needs of 2010 Veterans, Service Members, and Their Families Review of the Department of Defense Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Program Report 2010 Long-Term Health Consequences of Exposure to Burn Pits in Iraq and Afghanistan 2011 Gulf War and Health: Treatment for Chronic Multisymptom Illness 2013 Returning Home from Iraq and Afghanistan: Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Veterans, Service 2013 Members, and Their Families Chronic Multisymptom Illness in Gulf War Veterans: Case Definitions Reexamined 2014 Gulf War and Health: Volume 9: Long-Term Effects of Blast Exposures 2014 Considerations for Designing an Epidemiologic Study for Multiple Sclerosis and Other Neurologic 2015 Disorders in Pre and Post 9/11 Gulf War Veterans Gulf War and Health: Volume 10: Update of Health Effects of Serving in the Gulf War, 2016 2016 Assessment of the Department of Veterans Affairs Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry 2017 Gulf War and Health: Volume 11: Generational Health Effects of Serving in the Gulf War 2018 List current as of May 1, 2020. REFERENCES* IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1995. Health consequences of service during the Persian Gulf War: Initial findings and recom- mendations for immediate action. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/4904. IOM. 1996. Health consequences of service during the Persian Gulf War: Recommendation for research and information systems. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/5272. *All URLs in the references were accessed and verified on March 27, 2020.

APPENDIX B 241 IOM. 1997. Adequacy of the comprehensive clinical evaluation program: A focused assessment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/6004. IOM. 1998. Measuring the health of Persian Gulf veterans: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/6260. IOM. 1999. Gulf War veterans: Measuring health. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/9636. IOM. 2000. Gulf War and health: Volume 1: Depleted uranium, sarin, pyridostigmine bromide, and vaccines. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/9953. IOM. 2001. Gulf War veterans: Treating symptoms and syndromes. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. https://www. nap.edu/catalog/10185. IOM. 2003. Gulf War and health: Volume 2: Insecticides and solvents. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https:// www.nap.edu/catalog/10628. IOM. 2004. Gulf War and health: Updated literature review of sarin. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https:// www.nap.edu/catalog/11064. IOM. 2005. Gulf War and health: Volume 3: Fuels, combustion products, and propellants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/11180. IOM. 2006. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in veterans: Review of the scientific literature. Washington, DC: The National A ­ cademies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/11757. IOM. 2006. Gulf War and health: Volume 4: Health effects of serving in the Gulf War. Washington, DC: The National Acad- emies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/11729. IOM. 2006. Posttraumatic stress disorder: Diagnosis and assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https:// www.nap.edu/catalog/11674. IOM. 2007. Gulf War and health: Volume 5: Infectious diseases. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https:// www.nap.edu/catalog/11765. IOM. 2008. Epidemiologic studies of veterans exposed to depleted uranium: Feasibility and design issues. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12200. IOM. 2008. Gulf War and health: Updated literature review of depleted uranium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12183. IOM. 2008. Gulf War and health: Volume 6: Physiologic, psychologic, and psychosocial effects of deployment-related stress. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/11922. IOM. 2009. Gulf War and health: Volume 7: Long-term consequences of traumatic brain injury. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12436. IOM. 2010. Gulf War and health: Volume 8: Update of health effects of serving in the Gulf War. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12835. IOM. 2010. Returning home from Iraq and Afghanistan: Preliminary assessment of readjustment needs of veterans, service members, and their families. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12812. IOM. 2011. Long-term health consequences of exposure to burn pits in Iraq and Afghanistan. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/13209. IOM. 2013. Gulf War and health: Treatment for chronic multisymptom illness. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/13539. IOM. 2013. Returning home from Iraq and Afghanistan: Assessment of readjustment needs of veterans, service members, and their families. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/13499. IOM. 2014. Chronic multisymptom illness in Gulf War veterans: Case definitions reexamined. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/18623. IOM. 2014. Gulf War and health: Volume 9: Long-term effects of blast exposures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/18253. NASEM (National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine). 2015. Considerations for designing an epidemiologic study for multiple sclerosis and other neurologic disorders in pre and post 9/11 Gulf War veterans. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/21870. NASEM. 2016. Gulf War and health: Volume 10: Update of health effects of serving in the Gulf War, 2016. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/21840. NASEM. 2017. Assessment of the Department of Veterans Affairs Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/23677. NASEM. 2018. Gulf War and health: Volume 11: Generational health effects of serving in the Gulf War. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25162.

242 RESPIRATORY HEALTH EFFECTS OF AIRBORNE HAZARDS EXPOSURES NRC (National Research Council). 2000. Strategies to protect the health of deployed U.S. forces: Detecting, characterizing, and documenting exposures. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/9767. NRC. 2010. Review of the Department of Defense Enhanced Particulate Matter Surveillance Program report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://www.nap.edu/catalog/12911.

Next: Appendix C: Epidemiologic Studies of Respiratory Health Outcomes in Southwest Asia Theater Veterans Newly Reviewed* by the Committee »
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More than 3.7 million U.S. service members have participated in operations taking place in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations since 1990. These operations include the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf War, a post-war stabilization period spanning 1992 through September 2001, and the campaigns undertaken in the wake of the September 11, 2001, attacks. Deployment to Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Afghanistan exposed service members to a number of airborne hazards, including oil-well fire smoke, emissions from open burn pits, dust and sand suspended in the air, and exhaust from diesel vehicles. The effects of these were compounded by stressors like excessive heat and noise that are inevitable attributes of service in a combat environment.

Respiratory Health Effects of Airborne Hazards Exposures in the Southwest Asia Theater of Military Operations reviews the scientific evidence regarding respiratory health outcomes in veterans of the Southwest Asia conflicts and identifies research that could feasibly be conducted to address outstanding questions and generate answers, newly emerging technologies that could aid in these efforts, and organizations that the Veterans Administration might partner with to accomplish this work.

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