National Academies Press: OpenBook

Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018-2019 (2020)

Chapter: Chapter 6 - Publicly Owned FBOs

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Page 57
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 6 - Publicly Owned FBOs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018-2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25846.
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Page 57
Page 58
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 6 - Publicly Owned FBOs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018-2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25846.
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Page 58
Page 59
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 6 - Publicly Owned FBOs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018-2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25846.
×
Page 59
Page 60
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 6 - Publicly Owned FBOs." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018-2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25846.
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Page 60

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57 One of the largest groups of FBOs is publicly owned FBOs. There are an estimated 1,562 FBO locations owned and operated by public entities or universities, including the following: • Airports, ports, or industrial development authorities; • Municipalities, cities, towns, or villages; • Counties or parishes; • States; • Military joint-use facilities; • Colleges or universities; • Native American jurisdictions; or • Combinations of jurisdictions, such as a county and municipality or multiple counties. Municipal governments are the most frequent type of airport sponsor that operates this group of FBOs. Table 43 shows the distribution of owners for publicly owned FBOs. Types of Airports Table 44 sorts publicly owned FBO locations using the NPIAS categories. While there is a definite bias toward smaller airports self-operating the FBO, there are also a considerable number of publicly owned FBOs operating at nonhub airports and regional airports. Geographic Distribution Table 45 shows the geographic distribution of publicly owned FBOs across FAA regions. If publicly owned FBOs represent 43% of all FBO locations, regions with a higher percentage of publicly owned FBOs suggest more concentration of FBOs in public ownership. Four regions have higher-than-average concentrations of publicly owned FBOs: the Central, Great Lakes, Southern, and Southwest regions. The New England and the Western Pacific regions have higher concentrations of privately owned FBOs. Fueling Profile Table 46 shows the different types of fuel services at publicly owned FBOs. A relatively high percentage of publicly owned FBOs cater exclusively to small piston aircraft using 100LL fuel. For publicly owned FBOs, 32% offer only SS 100LL fuel; another 16% offer both SS and FS 100LL, C H A P T E R 6 Publicly Owned FBOs

58 Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018–2019 combining to represent 47% of all fueling services. The other most common fuel services for this group are as follows: • Both FS and SS Jet A and 100LL fuel (13%); • FS and SS Jet A only (13%); and • FS jet and SS Jet A and 100LL (11%). These five fuel services represent 84% of fuel offerings at publicly owned FBOs. Figure 27 and Table 47 show fuel-brand market shares. More than one-third of publicly owned FBOs do not sell a specific fuel brand. Phillips 66 has the largest market share of branded customers (27%), followed by Shell (16%) and Avfuel (14%). Public Entity Number of FBO Locations Percentage of Share Municipality, City, Town, or Village 801 51 County or Parish 358 23 Airport, Port, or Industrial Development Authority 259 17 Multijurisdiction 84 5 State 22 1 College or University 19 1 Military-Joint Use 14 1 Native American Tribal Group 5 0 All Publicly Owned FBOs 1,562 100 Source: Compiled from FAA Form 5010-1, Airport Master Records, as of December 5, 2018, and AirNav Database, December 2018. Table 43. Governance of publicly owned FBOs. Type of Airport Number of FBO Locations NPIAS Public Use Airports Percentage of Share Primary Large-Hub 1 30 3 Medium-Hub - 31 0 Small-Hub 7 72 10 Nonhub 38 247 15 Total Primary 46 380 12 Nonprimary National 15 88 17 Regional 203 492 41 Local 746 1,278 58 Basic 393 840 47 Unclassified 159 243 65 Total Nonprimary 1,516 2,941 52 All Publicly Owned FBOs 1,562 3,321 47 Source: Compiled from FAA, National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (2019–2023) and AirNav Database, December 2018. Table 44. Publicly owned FBOs by type of airport.

Publicly Owned FBOs 59 Independent or Undesignated, 529, 34% Phillips, 415, 27% Shell, 248, 16% Avfuel, 222, 14% EPIC, 100, 6% World Fuel, 41, 3% Texaco, 5, 0% Chevron, 2, 0% Source: Compiled from AirNav Database, December 2018. Figure 27. Fuel brands used by publicly owned FBOs. Fuel Services Jet A 100LL Number of Locations Percentage of Share Cumulative Percentage FS SS FS SS SS 100LL Only X 493 31.6 31.6 FS and SS 100LL X X 243 15.6 47.1 All Fuel Services X X X X 204 13.1 60.2 FS Jet A and SS Jet A X X 200 12.8 73.0 FS Jet, SS Jet A, and SS 100LL X X X 170 10.9 83.9 FS Jet A and SS 100LL X X 70 4.5 88.3 SS 100LL and SS Jet A X X 69 4.4 92.8 FS Jet A, FS 100LL, and SS 100LL X X X 56 3.6 96.4 SS Jet A Only X 30 1.9 98.3 No Advertised Fuel Services 12 0.8 99.0 Other Configurations 15 1.0 100.0 All Publicly Owned FBO Locations 1,562 100.0 Source: Compiled from AirNav Database, December 2018. Table 46. Fuel services at publicly owned FBOs. FAA Region Region Code Total FBO Locations Percentage of FBOs Publicly Owned FBOs Percentage of Share of FBOs in Region Alaska AAL 78 2 2 3 Central ACE 358 10 192 54 Eastern AEA 366 10 131 36 Great Lakes AGL 736 20 350 48 New England ANE 148 4 44 30 Northwest Mountain ANM 389 11 141 36 Southern ASO 661 18 324 49 Southwest ASW 578 16 279 48 Western Pacific AWP 347 9 99 29 All FBO Locations 3,661 100 1,562 43 Source: Compiled from FAA Form 5010-1, Airport Master Records, as of December 5, 2018, and AirNav Database, December 2018. Table 45. Geographic distribution of publicly owned FBOs.

60 Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018–2019 FBO Services, Products, and Facilities The major services, products, and facilities offered at publicly owned FBOs include fuel, hangar rentals, airport management, and courtesy transportation or crew cars. Table 48 shows the distribution of services, products, and facilities advertised. Name Market Share (%) Independent or Undesignated 529 34 Phillips 415 27 Shell 248 16 Avfuel 222 14 EPIC 100 6 World Fuel Services 41 3 Texaco 5 0.3 Chevron 2 0.1 All FBO Locations 1,562 100 Source: Compiled from AirNav Database, December 2018. Fuel Brand Table 47. Fuel-brand market shares at publicly owned FBOs. FBO Services, Products, and Facilities FBO Locations Percentage of Locations Fuel Services 1,550 99 Hangar Rental and Leasing 522 33 Airport Management 513 33 Courtesy Transportation or Crew Cars 505 32 Maintenance, Repairs, and Parts (including third-party) 242 15 Flight Training, Pilot School, and Ground Training 212 14 Ground/Line Services, Cleaning, and Detailing 179 11 Aircraft Rental and Charters 139 9 Aerial Tours and Photography 92 6 All Publicly Owned FBO Locations 1,562 Source: Compiled from AirNav Database, December 2018. Table 48. Key services, products, and facilities at publicly owned FBOs.

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The fixed-base operator (FBO) industry provides aeronautical services to a wide spectrum of aircraft operators at airports. The term FBO is defined by the FAA as “a business granted the right by the airport sponsor to operate on an airport and provide aeronautical services . . .” The most basic FBO offers its customers self-service fueling, as well as a set of core services such as use of hangars, ground services, and, sometimes, aircraft maintenance.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Synthesis 108: Characteristics of the FBO Industry 2018-2019 profiles the FBO industry as of December 2018. This analysis of data provides a quantitative snapshot of the FBO industry intended to serve as a reliable baseline of information for tracking FBO trends in the future.

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