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Suggested Citation:"Contents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidelines to Incorporate the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25847.
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Suggested Citation:"Contents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Guidelines to Incorporate the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25847.
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Contents Summary ......................................................................................................................................... 1 Overview and Products ............................................................................................................... 1 Future Needs ............................................................................................................................... 2 Chapter Sequence and Descriptions ............................................................................................ 2 Chapter 1: Background ................................................................................................................ 2 Chapter 2: Research Approach .................................................................................................... 2 Chapter 3: Findings and Applications ......................................................................................... 2 Chapter 4: Conclusions and Research Recommendations .......................................................... 3 Chapter 1 – Background ................................................................................................................. 4 Research Problem Statement ....................................................................................................... 4 Research Objective and Scope .................................................................................................... 5 Chapter 2 – Research Approach ..................................................................................................... 6 Phase I ......................................................................................................................................... 6 Phase II ........................................................................................................................................ 7 Summary of Approach and Deliverables .................................................................................... 8 Chapter 3 – Findings and Applications ........................................................................................... 9 Current State of the Practice Review .......................................................................................... 9 Gap Analysis ............................................................................................................................... 9 Framework Development .......................................................................................................... 12 How Earlier Tasks Inform Framework Development ........................................................... 12 Framework Purpose – Closing the Gaps ............................................................................... 15 Framework Development .......................................................................................................... 16 Chapter 4 – Conclusions and Research Recommendations .......................................................... 20 Implementation Plan ................................................................................................................. 21 Product ................................................................................................................................... 21 Target Audience .................................................................................................................... 22 Application ............................................................................................................................ 22 Implementation ...................................................................................................................... 23 Impediments .......................................................................................................................... 23 Judging Progress .................................................................................................................... 23 References ..................................................................................................................................... 24 Appendix A - Technical Memorandum No. 1 ............................................................................ A-1 Appendix B - Technical Memorandum No. 2 ............................................................................ B-1 

Figures Figure 1. Research Approach Flow Diagram ................................................................................................ 8 Figure 2. The transportation sector has begun performing vulnerability assessments, but does not usually have a formal CBA framework to distinguish between adaptations addressing identified vulnerabilities. CBA is a key link between climate vulnerability assessments and adaptation implementation. .................. 9 Figure 3. Incorporating climate adaptation and CBA into the transportation planning process could help understand future needs and determine long-term strategies for transportation agencies. ......................... 14 Figure 4. EF3 tornado in Springfield, MA. On June 1, 2011, Massachusetts and southern Maine experienced seven tornadoes, mostly in the Connecticut River Valley. Tornadoes are uncommon in this region, and the 2011 event caused several deaths and damage to homes, businesses, and infrastructure. . 22 Tables Table 1. Summary of four existing frameworks' abilities to meet CBA needs ........................................... 11  Note: This web-only document accompanies NCHRP Research Report 938: Incorporating the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change—Guidebook. Readers can read or purchase NCHRP Research Report 938 at www.trb.org.

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Guidelines to Incorporate the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Get This Book
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Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is useful for climate change response and adaptation, and if used properly, it has great potential for long-range planning. CBA should help agencies navigate the spectrum of decisions from mitigation and greenhouse gas reduction to adaptation: where does investing public funds generate the most public good?

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Web-Only Document 271: Guidelines to Incorporate the Costs and Benefits of Adaptation Measures in Preparation for Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change is published as a companion document to NCHRP Research Report 938. It includes two frameworks that were developed for the project to allow practitioners to conduct CBAs to a level of detail they deem appropriate; a sketch-level analysis can serve as a screening tool to evaluate if adaptation is even appropriate, while a more detailed climate resilience analysis can help to answer the question, “How much can I spend on an adaptation project and have it remain cost-effective?”

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