National Academies Press: OpenBook

A Framework for Assessing Mortality and Morbidity After Large-Scale Disasters (2020)

Chapter: Appendix A: Preliminary Literature Review Strategy

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Preliminary Literature Review Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Framework for Assessing Mortality and Morbidity After Large-Scale Disasters. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25863.
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Page 151
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Preliminary Literature Review Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Framework for Assessing Mortality and Morbidity After Large-Scale Disasters. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25863.
×
Page 152
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Preliminary Literature Review Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Framework for Assessing Mortality and Morbidity After Large-Scale Disasters. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25863.
×
Page 153
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Preliminary Literature Review Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Framework for Assessing Mortality and Morbidity After Large-Scale Disasters. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25863.
×
Page 154
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Preliminary Literature Review Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Framework for Assessing Mortality and Morbidity After Large-Scale Disasters. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25863.
×
Page 155
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Preliminary Literature Review Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. A Framework for Assessing Mortality and Morbidity After Large-Scale Disasters. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25863.
×
Page 156

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

A Preliminary Literature Review Strategy The committee conducted a primary literature review at the beginning of its deliberations and the articles obtained by this preliminary literature review were then assessed by the committee and staff for relevance to the committee’s charge. The search parameters for this primary review of the literature are detailed below. This is not an exhaustive list of all research conducted as additional, targeted searches were conducted throughout the course of the committee’s work as new areas of focus emerged and additional information was gathered through public sessions, workshops, and webinars. Search Parameters • Date Range: 1980–present • Type: Peer-review/grey literature • Range: International, English only Databases Reviewed • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews • Embase • Medline • News Abstracts • PAIS • Periodicals Abstracts • ProQuest • PsycInfo • PubMed • Scopus • SocINDEX • Worldcat Primary Search Terms • Morbidity • Mortality AND Primary Search Terms • Disaster impact • Disaster preparedness PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS A-1

A-2 A FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSING MORTALITY AND MORBIDITY • Disaster-related • Hazard • Large-scale disasters • Natural disasters • Natural hazard AND KEY WORDS Causalities • Chronic illness/injury/disease o Cancer o Dialysis o Diabetes o End-stage renal disease o Noncommunicable diseases o Nursing homes • Death certification • Death certification process • Death certification timeliness • Death counts • Death data • Death scene investigation • Death statistics • Death tolls • Direct deaths/injury • Disability • Excess death • Excess morbidity • Excess mortality • Indirect deaths/injury • Infectious diseases • Quality-adjusted life-year Crisis Coordination • Agency capacity • Capacity • Crisis coordination • Crisis management • Disaster mortuary operation teams • Incident Command System • Incident management • Medical examination • Military government coordination • Red Cross PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

APPENDIX A A-3 • Risk assessment • Risk planning Emergency Preparedness • Displacement • Emergency management • Emergency preparedness • Emergency responders • Emergency response Human-Induced Disaster • Bioterrorism • Biowarfare • Mass shootings • Terror attacks • Terrorism • Warfare Infrastructure • Collapses • Infrastructure failure • Structural failures Insurance • Funeral assistance • Home insurance • Life insurance Medicolegal • Medical law • Medicolegal Natural Disasters • Avalanche • Blizzard • Cold wave • Cyclone • Drought • Earthquake • Floods • Heat wave • Hurricane • Landslide • Mudslide PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

A-4 A FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSING MORTALITY AND MORBIDITY • Sinkhole • Tornado • Typhoon • Volcano • Wildfire • Winter storm Psychosocial Health • Interviews • Medical examinations • Psychosocial health Public Health • Community mental health • Lasting effects of disasters • Medical examination • Neighborhood social processes • Public health communications • Public health policies Social Determinants of Health • Social capital • Social networks Survey Implementation/Data collection • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention • Data collection capabilities • Disaster data collection • Electronic death registration system • Electronic health records • Federal Emergency Management Agency • Formative assessment • National Center for Health Statistics • Network scale-up method • Sampling • Summation method • Survey monitoring • Years of potential life lost Vulnerable Populations • Affected populations • At-risk • Culturally appropriate • Disability PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

APPENDIX A A-5 • Hidden populations • Marginalized • Vulnerability assessment • Vulnerable populations PubMed Search Strategy Example ((((“disasters”[MeSH] OR “weather”[mesh] OR “geological phenomena”[mesh] OR disaster*[tiab] OR post-disaster[tiab] OR “relief planning”[tiab] OR “climatic processes”[MeSH] OR “climatic processes”[tiab] OR hurricane*[tiab] OR tornado*[tiab] OR typhoon*[tiab] OR cyclone*[tiab] OR earthquake*[tiab] OR flood*[tiab] OR storm*[tiab] OR drought*[tiab] OR tsunami*[tiab] OR snow[tiab] OR rain[tiab] OR “tidal wave”[tiab] OR “tidal waves”[tiab] OR landslide*[tiab] OR wildfire*[tiab] OR “forest fire”[tiab] OR “forest fires”[tiab] OR avalanche*[tiab] OR volcan*[tiab] OR blizzard*[tiab] OR lightning[tiab] OR windstorm*[tiab] OR snowstorm*[tiab] OR fire[tiab] OR windstorm*[tiab] OR “heat wave”[tiab] OR “heat waves”[tiab] OR heatwave*[tiab] OR blizzard*[tiab] OR sinkhole*[tiab] PREPUBLICATION COPY: UNCORRECTED PROOFS

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In the wake of a large-scale disaster, from the initial devastation through the long tail of recovery, protecting the health and well-being of the affected individuals and communities is paramount. Accurate and timely information about mortality and significant morbidity related to the disaster are the cornerstone of the efforts of the disaster management enterprise to save lives and prevent further health impacts. Conversely, failure to accurately capture mortality and significant morbidity data undercuts the nation's capacity to protect its population. Information about disaster-related mortality and significant morbidity adds value at all phases of the disaster management cycle. As a disaster unfolds, the data are crucial in guiding response and recovery priorities, ensuring a common operating picture and real-time situational awareness across stakeholders, and protecting vulnerable populations and settings at heightened risk.

A Framework for Assessing Mortality and Morbidity After Large-Scale Disasters reviews and describes the current state of the field of disaster-related mortality and significant morbidity assessment. This report examines practices and methods for data collection, recording, sharing, and use across state, local, tribal, and territorial stakeholders; evaluates best practices; and identifies areas for future resource investment.

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