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Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies (2020)

Chapter: Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25869.
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151 Appendix C Acronyms and Abbreviations AMA American Management Association AAR After Action Reports AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ABA American Bus Association ACE Automated Commercial Environment ACI American Concrete Institute ACL Access Control List ACLU American Civil Liberties Union ADA Americans with Disabilities Act ADT Average Daily Traffic AED Automated External Defibrillator AEL Authorized Equipment List AEO Annual Energy Outlook AFCESA Air Force Civil Engineering Support Agency AFG Assistance to Firefighters Grant AFMAN Air Force Manual AG Automated Guideway AHP Analytical Hierarchy Process AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (part of HHS) AHU Air-Handling Unit AIA American Institute of Architects AIR Annual Interest Rate AIS Automatic Information System AISC American Institute of Steel Construction AL Argonne National Laboratory ALFRED Archival Federal Reserve Economic Database+B1106 ALOFT-FT A Large Outdoor Fire plume Trajectory model - Flat Terrain ALOHA Aerial Locations of Hazardous Atmospheres ALS Advanced Life Support AM Amplitude Modulation AMMTIAC Advanced Materials, Manufacturing, and Testing Information Analysis Center AMPTIAC Advanced Materials and Processes Technology Information Analysis Center AMS Committee Area Maritime Security Committee Amtrak National Railroad Passenger Corporation AN Ammonium Nitrate (an explosive that is also useful for fertilizer) ANFO Ammonium nitrate and fuel oil

152 ANSI American National Standards Institute ANSS Advanced National Seismic System AOA Administration on Aging (part of HHS) AOC Architect of the Capitol AOR Area of Responsibility AOR Authorized Organization Representative AORA Areas of Response Assistance APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services APHL Association of Public Health Laboratories API American Press Institute APIS Advanced Passenger Information System APR Air Purifying Respirator APTA American Public Transportation Association ARC American Red Cross AREMA American Railway and Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association AREMA American Railway Engineering and Maintenance Association ARP Address Resolution Protocol AS&E American Science and Engineering, Inc. ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASCOS Analysis of Smoke Control Systems ASF Anti-shatter film ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers ASIS American Society for Industrial Security ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASOS Automated Surface Observing System ASP Alternative Security Program ASPR Assistant Secretary for Preparedness Response (Part of HHS) ASSE American Society of Safety Engineers ASTHO Association of State and Territorial Health Officials ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials AT/FP Anti-Terrorism Force/Protection Directorate ATA American Trucking Associations ATAP Anti-Terrorism Action Plan ATC Automatic Train Control ATF Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode ATSA Aviation and Transportation Security Act ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (part of CDC) ATV All-Terrain Vehicle

153 AUA American Underground Construction Association AVL Automatic Vehicle Locator AWS American Welding Society BART Bay Area Rapid Transit BASS Behavioral Assessment Screening System BAWS Biological Aerosol Warning System BCC Backup Control Center BCP Business Continuity Plan BCR Benefit-to-Cost Ratio BDG Bi-Diffractive Grating BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis BEES Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability BFRL Building and Fire Research Laboratory BIOAPI Biometric Application Programming Interface BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance BJS Bureau of Justice Statistics BLCC Building Life-Cycle Cost BLS Basic Life Support BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics BMSP Blast Mitigation Structures Program B-NICE Biological, Nuclear, Incendiary, Chemical, And Explosive BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory BOLO Be on the Look Out BOMA Building Owners and Manager’s Association BRT Bus Rapid Transit BSIR Biannual Strategy Implementation Report BSK Biological Sampling Kit BSL Biosafety Level BTP British Transport Police BTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics BW Biological Warfare BWIC Biological Warfare and Incident Characterization System BZPP Buffer Zone Protection Program C/B/R Chemical/Biological/Radiological C/E Controller/Evaluator c/s Cycle per Second C4 Military explosive mixture of RDX and plasticizer CA Chemical Agent CAD Computer-Aided Design CAM Chemical Agent Monitor CAP Corrective Action Plan

154 CAPR Categorical Assistance Progress Reports CapWIN Capital Wireless Integrated Network CARES Capital Asset Realignment for Enhanced Services CARVER Criticality, Accessibility, Recoverability, Vulnerability, Effect, and Recognizability CATV Cable television CBD Central Business District CBECS Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey CBEFF Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework CBMS Chemical Biological Mass Spectrometer CBP Capabilities-Based Planning CBP U.S. Customs and Border Protection CBR Chemical, Biological, or Radiological CBRN Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear CBRNE Chemical, Biological, Radiologic, Nuclear and Explosive CBRNIAC Chemical, Biological, Radiological & Nuclear Defense Information Analysis Center CBS Central Broadcasting System CBWNP Chemical and Biological Weapons Nonproliferation Program CC Cable Car CCA Contamination Control Area CCB Construction Criteria Base CCE Certified Cost Engineer CCP Casualty Collection Point CCRF Commissioned Corps Readiness Force (part of PHS) CCTV Closed-Circuit Television CCV Characteristics and Common Vulnerabilities CCVE Closed-Circuit Video Equipment CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (part of HHS) CDISS Centre for Defense and International Security Studies CDL Commercial Driver’s License CDLIS Commercial Driver’s License Information System CDP Center For Domestic Preparedness CDRG Catastrophic Disaster Response Group CEMP Certified Emergency Management Plan CEO Chief Executive Officer CEQ Council on Environmental Quality CERC Crisis and Emergency Risk Communications CESB Council of Engineering and Scientific Specialty Boards CFDA Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance CFR Code of Federal Regulations

155 CFSAN Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (part of FDA) CG Phosgene CI/KR Critical Infrastructure/Key Resource CIA Central Intelligence Agency CIAO Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office CIBADS Canadian Integrated Biological Agent Detection System CIP Critical Infrastructure Protection CIP Critical Infrastructure Protection Cipro Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride CM Countermeasure CMC Crisis Management Center CMS Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (part of HHS) CMU Concrete Masonry Unit CMV Commercial Motor Vehicle CMVP Cryptographic Module Validation Program CNG Compressed Natural Gas CNS Center for Nonproliferation Studies COA Course of Action COG Continuity of Government Comms Communications ConOps Concept of Operations CONTAM Contaminant Multizone Modeling Software CONUS Continental U.S. COOP Continuity of Operations Plan COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (DOJ) COR/COS Carrier Operated Relay/Carrier Operated Squelch COSIN Control Staff Instructions COSUF Committee on Operational Safety of Underground Facilities COTP Captain of the Port COTPER Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (Part of CDC) COTS Commercial Off-The-Shelf CP Command Post CP Collective Protection CP Chemically Pure CPNI Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure CPP Certified Protection Professional CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission CPT Cone Penetration Test CPTED Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

156 CPU Central Processing Unit CPX Command Post Exercise CRASAR Center for Robotic-Assisted Search and Rescue CREATE Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events CRWG Comprehensive Review Working Group CSB Chemical Safety Board CSE Communications Security Establishment CSEPP Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program CSI Construction Specifications Institute CSI Container Security Initiative CSID Centralized Scheduling and Information Desk CSO Company Security Officer CSRC Computer Security Resource Center CSS Crime and Safety Surveys CSSC Control System Security Center CST Civil Support Team CTA Chicago Transit Authority CTAA Community Transportation Association of America CTBSSP Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program C-TPAT Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism CVE Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures CVSA Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance CW Chemical Warfare CWA Chemical warfare Agent DARP Damage Assessment and Restoration Program DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DART Dallas Area Rapid Transit DARTS Durable and Reliable Tunnel Structures DBT Design Basis Threat DCOM Distributed Component Object Model DCS Distributed Control Systems DCS Deputy Chief of Staff DCS Distributed Control System(s) DCSINT Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence DCT Data Collection Tool DERA Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response Association DFO Disaster Field Office DHS Department of Homeland Security DI Directorate of Intelligence DLA Defense Logistics Agency DMAT Disaster Medical Assistance Team (part of NDMS)

157 DMORT Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Team (part of NDMS) DMZ Demilitarized Zone DNDO Domestic Nuclear Detection Office DNI Director of National Intelligence DNP3 DNP3 Distributed Network Protocol (published as IEEE 1815) DNS Domain Name System DNSC Defense National Stockpile Center DNT Dinitrotoluene (a by-product in TNT product) DOC Department of Commerce DOC Department Operations Center DoD Department of Defense DoD BSK Department of Defense Biological Sampling Kit DOE Department of Energy DOI Department of Interior DOJ Department of Justice DOL Department of Labor DOS Department of State DoS Denial of Service DOT Department of Transportation DP Damage Potential DPS Department of Public Safety DQ Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (part of CDC) DRP Disaster Recovery Plan DS Diplomatic Security DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency DWG Drawing DWI Disaster Welfare Information E day Day an Exercise Begins E&DCP Evaluation and Data Collection Plan EA Environmental Assessment EAP Employee Assistance Program EAP Extensible Authentication Protocol EAS Emergency Alert Status or Emergency Alert System ECBC Edgewood Chemical Biological Center ECES Environmental Cost Element Structure ECG Exercise Control Group ECHOS Environmental Cost Handling Options and Solutions ED Emergency Director EDCS Emergency Decontamination Corridor System EDD Explosive Detection Device EDU Explosives Disposal Unit

158 EER Exercise Evaluation Report EERC Energy Escalation Rate Calculator EERE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EFTS / F Electronic Fingerprint Transmission Specification (Appendix F) EGDN Ethylene Glycol Dinitrate (taggant for explosives) EIA Energy Information Administration EIA Electronics Industries Association EIS Epidemic Intelligence Services (part of CDC) EIS Environmental Impact Statement EM Emergency Manager EMAC Emergency Management Assistance Compacts EMF Electromotive Force EMG Emergency Management Group EMI Electromagnetic Interference EMI Emergency Management Institute EMS Emergency Medical Service EMS Energy Management System EMT Emergency Medical Technician EMT Emergency Management Team ENR Engineering News Record EO Executive Order EOC Emergency Operations Center EOC Emergency Operator Coordinator EOD Explosive Ordnance Disposal EOD Explosive Ordnance Dispersal EOG Emergency Operations Group EOO Electro Optics Organization, Inc. EOP Emergency Operations Plans EOP Emergency Operating Procedure EP&R Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate (DHS) EPA Environmental Protection Agency EPA Environmental Protection Agency EPCRA Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act Epi-X Epidemic Information Exchange (part of CDC) EPM Exercise Program Manager EPPC Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Council EPRI Electric Power Research Institute EPRI Electric Power Research Institute EPT Exercise Planning Team ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration ERDEC Edgewood Research, Development, and Engineering Center (U.S. Army)

159 ERG Emergency Response Guidebook ERP Emergency Response Plan ERP Enterprise Resource Planning ERS Emergency Response System ERT-JA Emergency Response to Terrorism: Job Aid ESF Emergency Support Functions ESI Estimating Systems Incorporated EST Emergency Support Team ETD Explosives Trace Detection Ethernet Communication Protocol For Computing Devices ETL Engineering Technical Letter EVALPLAN Evaluation Plan EXPLAN Exercise Plan FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAH Foreign Affairs Handbook FAR Federal Acquisition Regulations FAS Freight Assessment System FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FCC Federal Communication Commission FCO Federal Coordinating Officer FDA Food and Drug Administration (part of HHS) FDEM Florida Department of Emergency Management FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMP Federal Energy Management Program FERP Facility Emergency Response Plan FF Firefighter FHWA Federal Highway Administration FIC Field Incident Commander FICC Federal Interagency Coordination Council FIPS Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS Federal Information Processing Standards FIRP Facility Incidence Response Plan FISMA Federal Information Security Modernization Act FIT Fire in Tunnels FITM Freeway Incident Traffic Management FM Field Manual FMC Federal Mobilization Center FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FMFM Fleet Marine Force Manual FOIA Freedom of Information Act FoodNet Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network part of CDC)

160 FOUO For official Use Only FPS Federal Protective Service FPS Frames Per Second FRA Federal Railroad Administration FRAWG Federal Risk Assessment Working Group FRC Federal Resources Coordinator FRERP Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan FRF Fragment Retention Film FRP Facility Response Plan FRP Federal Response Plan FRP Fiber-Reinforced Polymer FRT Facility Response Team FS&L Federal, State, And Local FSA Facility Security Assessment FSE Full-Scale Exercise FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service (part of USDA) FSO Facility Security Officer FSP Facility Security Plan FSR Financial Status Report FSRM Federal Security Risk Management FTA Federal Transit Administration FTE Full-Time Employees FTIR Fourier Transform Infrared FTP File Transfer Protocol FY Fiscal Year G&T Preparedness Directorate Office of Grants and Training GAN Grant Adjustment Notice GAO Government Accountability Office GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GATX General American Transportation GB Sarin GCC Government Coordinating Council GD Soman GETS Government Emergency Telecommunications Service GFE Government-Furnished Equipment GHz Gigahertz GIA Groupe Islamique Arm (armed Islamic group) GIS Geographic Information Systems GMS Grants Management System GPO Government Printing Office GPS Global Positioning System

161 GPS Global Positioning System GSA General Services Administration HAN Health Alert Network (part of CDC) HAR Highway Advisory Radio HAS Homeland Security Act HAZMAT Hazardous Material HAZUS Hazards U.S. HAZUS-MH HAZUS Multi-Hazard HBRRP Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation Program HDER Homeland Defense Equipment Reuse HEICS Hospital Emergency Incident Command System HEMP High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse HEPA High Efficiency Particulate Air HEU Highly Enriched Uranium HFC-4310 Decafluoropentane HHA Hand-Held Immunochromatographic Assay HHS Department of Health and Human Services H-ISAC Highway Information Sharing and Analysis Center HLS Homeland Security HMI Human-Machine Interface HMR Hazardous Material Regulations HMRT Hazardous Materials Response Team HMX A Plastic Explosive (also known as octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7- tetrazocine) HOV High-Occupancy Vehicle HOV Lane High-Occupancy Vehicle Lane HPAC Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability HPLC-UV High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultraviolet HPM High Power Microwave HPPL High Performance Photoluminescent Material HPS Health Physics Society HQ Headquarters HQUSACE Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration part of HHS) HSA Homeland Security Advisor HSAC Homeland Security Advisory Council (DHS) HSAS Homeland Security Advisory System HSC Homeland Security Council (White House) HSDL Homeland Security Digital Library HSEEP Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program HSGP Homeland Security Grant Program

162 HSIN Homeland Security Information Network HSO Homeland Security Office HSOC Homeland Security Operations Center HSPD Homeland Security Presidential Directives HSPTAP Homeland Security Preparedness Technical Assistance Program HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol HTTPS Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure HUMINT Human Intelligence HUS Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome HV/HR High Value/High Risk HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning HWP Highway Watch Program I/O Input/Output I3P Institute for Information Infrastructure Protection IA Information Analysis Division (DHS) IA/IP Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection IAB Interagency Board IACP International Association of Chiefs of Police IACS Industrial Automation and Control System IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IAEM International Association of Emergency Managers IAIP Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Directorate (DHS) IANA Intermodal Association of North America IAONA Industrial Automation Open Networking Association IAP Incident Action Plan IAs Immediate Actions IBADS Interim Biological Agent Detector System IBC International Building Code IBHS Institute for Business & Home Safety IBTTA International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association IC Incident Commander ICBO International Conference of Building Officials ICC International Code Council ICCP Inter-control Center Communications Protocol ICE Integrated Computer Engineering ICE Immigration and Customs Enforcement ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol ICP Incident Command Post ICS Incident Command System

163 ICS Industrial Control System(s) ICS-CERT Industrial Control Systems - Cyber Emergency Response Team ICT International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism ICTAP Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program ID Identification ID Identity IDS Intrusion Detection System IEC International Electrotechnical Commission IED Iimprovised Explosive Device IED Intelligent Electronic Device IEDDA International Explosive Detection Dog Association IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEMA Illinois Emergency Management Agency IESNA Illuminating Engineering Society of North America IEST Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology IETF Internet Engineering Task Force IFJ International Federation of Journalists IG Inspector General IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol IHS Indian Health Service (part of HHS) IID Improvised Incendiary Device IIMG Interagency Incident Management Group IIMS Integrated Incident Management System IM Incident Management Task IMC International Mechanical Code IME Institute for Makers of Explosives IMO International Maritime Organization IMS Ionization/Ion Mobility Spectrometry IMS Incident Management System IMS Ion Mobility Spectrometry IMT Incident Management Team INCITS InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards IND Investigational New Drug IND Improvised Nuclear Devise INL Idaho National Laboratory INS Immigration and Naturalization Service Interpol International Criminal Police Organization IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission IP Internet Protocol IP Infrastructure Protection Division (DHS) IP Improvement Plan

164 IP/TCP Internet Protocol/Transmission Control Protocol IPC Initial Planning Conference IPE Individual protective equipment IPP Infrastructure Protection Program IPR Incident Prevention and Response Task IPS Intrusion Prevention System IPsec Internet Protocol Security IR Infrared IRA Irish Republican Army IRP Incidence response plan IRT Incidence response team ISA International Society of Automation ISAC Information Sharing & Analysis Center ISAO Information Sharing and Analysis Organization ISBE Infrastructure Security for the Built Environment ISC Interagency Security Committee ISDR International Strategy for Disaster Reduction ISID Industrial Security Incident Database ISIP Initial Strategy Implementation Plan ISO International Organization for Standardization ISP Internet Service Provider ISPS International Ship and Port Security ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 IT Information technology ITA International Tunnelling Association ITA International Trade Administration ITDS International Trade Data System ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers ITI Innovative Technologies Institute ITL Information Technology Laboratory ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems ITSA Intelligent Transportation Society of America IV Intravenous IVA Integrated Vulnerability Assessment IWN Integrated Wireless Network J Joule JAUGS Joint Architecture for Unmanned Ground Systems JFO Joint Field Office JIC Joint Information Center JIS Joint Information System JOC Joint bus-rail Operations Center

165 JOC Joint Operations Center JPM Joint Program for Collective Protection JRIES Joint Regional Information Exchange Systems JSLSCAD Joint Service Lightweight Standoff Chemical Agent Detector JTTF Joint Terrorism Task Force K-9 Canine team KHz Kilohertz (one thousand cycles per second) KI Potassium Iodide km Kilometer L Lambert L Liter L Lewisite LA/LB Port of Los Angeles/Long Beach LAN Local Area Network LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory LAW Light Anti-tank Weapon LAX Los Angeles International Airport LCC Life-Cycle Cost LD50 Lethal Dose for 50% of Population LDS Ladder Pipe Decontamination System LED Light Emitting Diode LEPC Local Emergency Planning Committee LESLP London Emergency Services Liaison Panel LETPP Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging LIRR Long Island Rail Road LLIS Lessons Learned Information Sharing System LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LMR Land Mobile Radio LNM Local Notice to Mariners LO/LO Load-On/Load-Off LOINC Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes LOP Level of Protection LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas LRN Laboratory Response Network (part of CDC) LRV Light Rail Vehicle LTL Less Than Truck Load LVA Low Volatility Agent LVB Large Vehicle Bomb M&A Management and Administrative M2M Machine to Machine

166 MAA Mutual Aid Agreement MAC Multiagency Coordination MAC Media Access Control MACS Multiagency Coordinating System MADA Multi-Attribute Decision Analysis MANPADS Man-Portable Air Defense System MARC Maryland Area Rail Commuter MARSEC Maritime Security MARTA Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority MASINT Measurement and Signatures Intelligence MBTA Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority MCC Master Control Cell MCC Movement Coordination Center MCI Mass Casualty Incidents MCWP Marine Corps Warfighting Publication MDOT Maryland Department of Transportation MDSHA Maryland State Highway Administration MDT Mobile Data Terminals MDTA Maryland Transportation Authority MERV Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value MES Manufacturing Execution System MHz Megahertz (one million cycles per second) MIB Management Information Base MIL-PRF Military Performance Specification MIL-STD Military Standard MIPT Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism MMW Millimeter Wave MO Monorail MOA Memorandum of Agreement MOU Memorandum of Understanding MOW Maintenance-of-Way MPC Mid-Term Planning Conference MPO Metropolitan Planning Organization MRA Mutual Response Agreement MRC Medical Reserve Corps (part of HHS) MSEL Master Scenario Events List MSIS Database Marine Safety Information System Database MT/HSAP Mass Transit Homeland Security Assistance Program MTA New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority

167 MTA Maryland Transit Administration MTBF Mean Time Between Failure MTFVTP Memorial Tunnel Fire Ventilation Test Program MTI Mineta Transportation Institute MTMC Military Traffic Management Command MTRS Man Transportable Robotic System (a NAVSEA program) MTSA Maritime Transportation Security Act MTTR Mean Time to Repair MTU Master Terminal Unit (also Master Telemetry Unit) MVR Motor Vehicle Record NACCHO National Association of County and City Health Officials NADB National Asset Database NAPA National Academy of Public Administration NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAR National Association for Search and Rescue NAT Network Address Translation NAVFAC Naval Facilities Engineering Command NAVSEA Naval Sea Systems Command NBC Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical NBER National Bureau of Economic Research NBI National Bridge Inventory NBS National Bureau of Standards NBSCAB National Bomb Squad Commanders Advisory Board NCCIC National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center NCDC National Climatic Data Center NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NCIC National Crime Information Center NCIS National Institute for Chemical Studies NCJA National Criminal Justice Association NCR National Capital Region NCSD National Cyber Security Division NCTC National Counterterrorism Center NCTRP National Cooperative Transit Research and Development Program NDMS National Disaster Medical System (part of DHS) NDR National Driver Register NDS National Design Specifications NE Nebraska NEC Northeast Corridor NECC National Emergency Coordination Center (part of FEMA) NEDSS National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (part of CDC)

168 NEMA Formerly the National Electrical Manufacturers Association; now the Association of Electrical Equipment and Medical Imaging Manufacturers NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association NEMA National Emergency Management Association NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NERC North American Electric Reliability Council NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service NFIP National Flood Insurance Program NFIQ NIST Fingerprint Image Quality NFIRS National Fire Incident Reporting System NFPA National Fire Protection Association NFS Network File System NG Nitroglycerin (a liquid explosive) NGA National Governors Association NGO Nongovernmental Organization NGVC Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition NHS National Highway System NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NIAC National Infrastructure Advisory Council NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (Part of NIH) NIBS National Institute of Building Sciences NIC NIMS Integration Center NIC Network Interface Card NICC National Infrastructure Coordinating Center NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIH National Institutes of Health (part of HHS) NIJ National Institute of Justice NIMA National Imaging and Mapping Agency NIMCAST NIMS Capability Assessment Support Tool NIMH National Institute of Mental Health (part of NIH) NIMS National Incident Management System NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (part of CDC) NIPC National Infrastructure Protection Center NIPP National Infrastructure Protection Plan NISCC National Infrastructure Security Coordination Centre NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NJTTF National Joint Terrorism Task Force NMRT National Medical Response Team (part of NDMS) NMRT- WMD National Medical Response Team-Weapons of Mass Destruction

169 NO3 Nitrous Oxide NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association NODC National Oceanographic Data Center NPCA National Police Canine Association NPG National Preparedness Guidance NPHIC National Public Health Information Coalition NPHPP National Bioterrorism Hospital Preparedness Program (part of HRSA) NPRT National Pharmacy Response Team (part of NDMS) NPS National Park Service NRC National Research Council NRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NRCC National Response Coordination Center NRCC National Research Council of Canada NRF National Response Framework NRL The Naval Research Laboratory NRP National Response Plan NRT National Response Team NS National Strategic Task NSA National Security Agency NSC National Security Council NSF National Science Foundation NSHS National Strategy for Homeland Security NSN National Stock Number NSSE National Security Special Events NSTAC National Security Telecommunications Advisory Council NSTB National SCADA Testbed NSTS National Strategy for Transportation Security NTCIP National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol NTD National Transit Database NTI National Transit Institute NTRC National Transportation Research Center NTSB National Transportation Safety Board NTTC National Tank Truck Carriers NTTP Navy Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures NVIC Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular NVPO National Vaccine Program Office (part of HHS) NVPZ Naval Vessel Protection Zone NWS National Weather Service NYCT New York City Transit NYCTA New York City Transit Authority NYPD New York Police Department

170 O&M Operations and Maintenance OAE Office of Applied Economics OASIS Operation Area Satellite System OC Office of the Comptroller OCC Operations Control Center OCMI Officer in Charge of Marine Inspection OCS Operator Control Station ODP Office for Domestic Preparedness (DHS) OEM Office of Emergency Management OEM Office of Emergency Management (New York Mayor’s Office) OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer OES Office of Emergency Services OGC Office of General Counsel OGO Office of Grant Operations OGT Office of Grants and Training OHS Office of Homeland Security OIC Office for Interoperability and Compatibility OIS Office of Intelligence and Security OJP Office of Justice Programs (DOJ) OLE Object Linking and Embedding OLES Office of Law Enforcement Standards OMB Office of Management and Budget ONP Office of National Preparedness OPC OLE for Process Control OPNAV Office of the Chief of Naval Operations OPS Office of Pipeline Safety ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory OS Operating System OSC Office for Security Coordination OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (part of DOL) OSI Open Systems Interconnection OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy (White House) OTR: Over the Road OTS Off-the-Shelf OV Operational Vulnerability P.L. Public Law PA Public Address System PAC Protective Action Coordinator PAG Protective Action Guidance PART Program Assessment and Rating Tool PATH Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation

171 PB Parsons Brinckerhoff PBF PB Farradyne PBS Public Buildings Service PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyl PCC Policy Coordinating Committee PCI Professional Certified Investigator PCII Protected Critical Infrastructure Information PCS Planning, Coordination and Support Task PD Probability of Detection PDA Personal Digital Assistant PDC Pacific Disaster Center PDD Presidential Decision Directive PEMS Postal Emergency Management System PERI Public Entity Risk Institute PETN Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate PFD Personal Flotation Device PFNA Pulsed Fast Neutron Analysis PFO Principal Federal Official PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Administration PHS Public Health Service (part of HHS) PID Proportional – Integral – Derivative PIDS Perimeter Intrusion Detection System PIN Personnel Identification Number PIO Public Information Officer PIV Personal Identity Verification PIVA Port Integrated Vulnerability Assessment PL Photoluminescent PLC Programmable Logic Controller PM Protective Measure PML Probable Maximum Loss p-MNT Para-mononitrotoluene an explosive taggant PMTL Protective Measures Target List POC Point of Contact POETE Planning, Organization, Equipment, Training, and Exercises PORR Program Observation and Recommendation Report PP Protection Profile ppb Parts per billion PPE Personal Protective Equipment ppm Parts per million PPP Point-to-Point Protocol ppt Parts per trillion

172 PRA Paperwork Reduction Act PRD Personal Radiation Detector PROTECT Program for Response Options and Technology Enhancements for Chemical/Biological Terrorism PSA Patient Staging Area PSGP Port Security Grant Program PSI Pounds per Square Inch PSP Physical Security Professionals PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network PTII Public Transportation Information Infrastructure PTSD Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTT Push-to-Talk PUC Public Utility Commission PV Physical Vulnerability PVA Passenger Vessel Association PY-GC-IMS Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography-Ion Mobility Spectrometer R&D Research and Development RAD/NUC Radiological/Nuclear RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial In User Service RAM Risk Assessment Methodology RAMCAP Risk Analysis and Management for Critical Asset Protection RAMPART Risk Assessment Method Property Analysis and Ranking Tool RAND RAND Corporation RAP Radiological Assistance Program RAPID-T Recognition, Protection, Decontamination, Triage, Treatment RBAC Role-Based Access Control RB-HS Homeland Security Response Boat RDD Radiation Dispersal Device RDT&E Research, Development, Test and Evaluation RDX Research Department RED Radiation-Emitting Device RERP Regional Emergency Response Plan RF Radio Frequency RFC Request for Comments RFP Reinforced Fiber Protection RIIDs Radiation Isotope Identifier Devices RKB Responder Knowledge Base RMA Reliability, Maintainability, and Availability RMF Risk Management Framework RMS Risk Management Solutions RO/RO Roll-On/Roll-Off

173 ROC Regional Operations Center ROI Return on Investment ROW Right-of-Way RPC Remote Procedure Call RPM Radiation Portal Monitor RPO Recovery Point Objective RRCC Regional Response Coordination Center RRR Rapid Response Registry (part of ATSDR) RS232 Wiring protocol for electronics communication RSCAAL Remote Sensing Chemical Agent Alarm RSPA Research and Special Programs Administration RTO Recovery Time Objective RTS Rail Transit System RTSS Regional Transit Security Strategy RTSWG Regional Transit Security Work Group RTU Remote Terminal Unit (also Remote Telemetry Unit) S&T Science and Technology Directorate (DHS) SAA State Administrative Agency SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SAFECOM Safety Interoperable Communications Program SAFETEA- LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (2005) SAIC Science Applications International Corporation SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (part of HHS) SAP Select Agent Program (part of CDC) SAP State Assistance Plan SAR Search and Rescue SAW Surface Acoustic Wave SBCCI Southern Building Code Congress International, Inc. SBCCOM Soldier, Biological, and Chemical Command SBU Sensitive-but-Unclassified SC Security Coordinator SC Security Category SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition SCBA Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus SCC Sector Coordinating Council SCIP Statewide Communications Interoperability Planning SCP Situational Crime Prevention SCP Secure Copy SD Security Directive

174 SDO Standards Development Organization SEA Safe Explosives Act SEL Standardized Equipment List SEM Sequential Excavation Method SEP State Emergency Plan SEPP Security and Emergency Preparedness Plan SEPTA Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority SERC State Emergency Response Commission SERT Secretary’s Emergency Response Team (part of HHS) SESI Science and Engineering Services, Inc. SFPE Society of Fire Protection Engineers SFTP Secure File Transfer Protocol SHSAS State Homeland Security Assessment and Strategy SHSGP State Homeland Security Grant Program SHSS State Homeland Security Strategy SIA Specific intensity per unit area SIDA Secure Identification Display Area SIOC Strategic Information and Operations Center (FBI HQ) SIS Safety Instrumented System SITMAN Situation Manual SL Scenario Loss SLG State and Local Guide SLGCP Office of State and Local Government Coordination and Preparedness (DHS) SMART Simple, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Task Oriented SME Subject Matter Expert SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol SNL Sandia National Laboratories SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol SNOMED Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine SNS Strategic National Stockpile (part of CDC) SOC Strategic Operations Center SONET Synchronous Optical Network SOP Standard Operating Procedure SP Special Publication SPOT Screening of Passengers by Observation Technique SPP-ICS System Protection Profile for Industrial Control Systems SPT Standard Penetration Test SQL Structured Query Language SRA Safe Refuge Area SRI Stanford Research Institute

175 SRWF Shatter-Resistant Window Film SSA Sector-Specific Agency SSAPP System Safety Program Plan SSC Scientific Support Coordinator SSH Secure Shell SSI Sensitive Security Information SSID Service Set Identifier SSL Secure Sockets Layer SSP Sector-Specific Plan SSPP System Security Program Plan START Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism START Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment/Transport STB Surface Transportation Board STD Standard ST-ISAC Surface Transportation Information Sharing & Analysis Center STP Surface Transportation Program STRAHNET Strategic Highway Network STSI Surface Transportation Security Inspection SVA Security Vulnerability/Risk Assessment SVP Safety Verification Plan SWAT Special Weapons And Tactics TA Technical Assistance TATP Triacetone Triperoxide (an unstable explosive used in IEDs) TBM Tunnel Boring Machine TCIP Transit Communications Interface Protocols TCO Total Cost of Ownership TCP Transmission Control Protocol TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program TEA Thermal Energy Analysis TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century TEDA Triethylenediamine TEOC Transportation Emergency Operations Center Tetryl Trinitrophenylmethylnitramine TEW Terrorism Early Warning (Group) TFA Toxic-Free Area TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol TIA Terrorism Incident Annex TIC Transit Incident Commander TIC Toxic Industrial Compound TIFs Threat Information Forums

176 TII Transportation Information Infrastructure TIMs Toxic Industrial Materials TIOC Transportation Information Operations Center TISD Transportation Infrastructure Security Division TISP The Infrastructure Security Partnership TL Truck Load TLS Transport Layer Security TM Technical Manual TM Transverse Magnetic TMA Transportation Management Association TMC Transportation Management Center TMP SMX Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole TMS Tunnel Management System TMS The Masonry Society TNT Trinitrotoluene TOPOFF Top Officials (Exercise) TOSIC Transit On-Site Incident Commander TR Technical Report TRACEM Thermal; Radiological; Asphyxiation; Chemical; Etiological; And Mechanical TRANSCOM Transportation Operations Coordinating Committee Transit EOC Joint Transit Bus and Rail Emergency Operations Center TRB Transportation Research Board TRC Tone Remote Control TRI Toxic Release Inventory TrucksISAC: Trucking Information Sharing and Analysis Center TSA Transportation Security Administration TSC Transit Standards Consortium TSC Terrorist Screening Center TSGP Transit Security Grant Program TSI Transportation Security Incident TSI Transportation Safety Institute TSOC Transportation Security Operations Center TSWG Technical Support Working Group TTIC Terrorist Threat Integration Center TTP Thrombocytopenic Purpura TTPs Tactics, Techniques, & Procedures TTX Tabletop Exercise TUGs Threat User Groups TVA Threat and Vulnerability Assessment TWIC Transportation Worker Identification Credentialing

177 TWIC: Transportation Worker Identification Card UA Universal Adversary UASI Urban Areas Security Initiative UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UAWG Urban Areas Working Group UBC Building Code UC Unified Command UCRL University of California Radiation Laboratory UCS Unified Command System UDP User Datagram Protocol UFC Unified Facilities Criteria UFGS Unified Facilities Guide Specification UFOV Useful Field Of View UHF Ultra High Frequency UICC Unified Incident Command Center UK United Kingdom UL Underwriters’ Laboratories UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply URM Unreinforced Masonry US&R Urban Search and Rescue USACE United States Army Corps of Engineers USAMRIID U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases (part of DoD) USB Universal Serial Bus USC United States Code US-CERT United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team USCG United States Coast Guard USD (AT&L) Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics USDA United States Department of Agriculture USFA United States Fire Administration USGS United States Geological Survey USMS United States Marshals Service USPCA United States Police Canine Association USPHS United States Public Health Service USPS United States Postal Service UTL Universal Task List UV Ultraviolet UVGI Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation VA Department of Veterans Affairs VA Value Analysis VACIS Vehicle and Cargo Inspection System

178 VAPO Vulnerability Assessment and Protection Option VBIED Vehicle-Borne Improvised Explosive Devices VDOT Virginia Department of Transportation VDOT STC VDOT Smart Traffic Center VFD Variable Frequency Drive VHF Very High Frequency VLAN Virtual Local Area Network VMAT Veterinary Medical Assistance Team (part of NDMS) VMRS Vessel Movement Reporting System VMS Variable Message Sign VOAD Volunteer Organizations Active in Disasters VoIP Voice-over Internet Protocol VOIS Virginia Operational Information System VOX Voice Operated Transmit VPN Virtual Private Network VRE Virginia Railway Express VSO Vessel Security Officer VSP Vessel Security Plan VTS Vessel Traffic Service VX V Agent WAN Wide Area Network WiFi Wireless Fidelity WMATA Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction WMD-CST Weapons of Mass Destruction-Civil Support Team WNV West Nile Virus WPS Wireless Priority System WT Weight WTC World Trade Center WTO World Trade Organization XML Extensible Markup Language Y2K Year 2000 ZIP Zone Improvement Plan

Next: Appendix D Glossary »
Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies Get This Book
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Small events pose threats of great consequences since the impact of any incident is magnified when a transportation network is operating at or past its capacity—as is the case in portions of many states as travel demand on their transportation networks grows.

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Web-Only Document 266: Developing a Physical and Cyber Security Primer for Transportation Agencies is a supplemental document to NCHRP Research Report 930: Update of Security 101: A Physical Security and Cybersecurity Primer for Transportation Agencies.

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