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E Biographical Information for Panel Members and Staff PANEL MEMBERS JONATHAN D. BREUL (Co-Chair) is a retired partner in IBM Global Business Services and executive director of the IBM Center for the Business of Government, which published independent academic research to improve government management. Mr. Breul taught for many years as an adjunct professor at Georgetown Universityâs McCourt School of Public Policy. Prior to joining IBM, he served from 1993â 2002 as Senior Advisor to the Deputy Director for Management in the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Earlier, as OMB Chief of Evaluation and Planning, he developed and launched the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) and the legislative launch of the Chief Financial Officers (CFO) Act. He chaired the National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) panel that produced the 2013 report Positioning DOEâs Labs for the Future: A Review of DOEâs Management and Oversight of the National Laboratories. Mr. Breul is a NAPA fellow. DONALD LEVY (Co-Chair) is the Albert A. Michelson Distinguished Service Professor of Chemistry Emeritus at the University of Chicago and was senior advisor to the university president. For a decade ending in 2016, Dr. Levy was the universityâs vice president for national laboratories, with responsibility for the oversight of DOEâs Fermi and Argonne National Laboratories. He earned a B.A. from Harvard University in 1961 and a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1965. After 2 years at Cambridge University as an NIH and then NATO postdoctoral fellow, he joined the University of Chicago in 1967 and has spent his entire career there. Among his many honors, Professor Levy has served as editor of the Journal of Chemical Physics (1998â2007); chair of the American Institute of Physics Editorsâ Panel (2000â2002); CEO and board member of the UChicago Argonne, LLC (2007â2016); vice- chair of the Argonne National Laboratory Board of Governors and chair of its Science Policy Council (2007â2016); member of the Fermilab Board of Directors (2007â2016); and fellow of the American Physical Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Optical Society of America, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and American Chemical Society. Professor Levy is an elected member of the National Academies of Sciences. ALLAN BURMAN is president of Jefferson Solutions, the government consulting practice of the Jefferson Consulting Group. Under Dr. Burmanâs leadership, Jefferson Solutions provides analysis, evaluation, program management, and acquisition assistance and assessment services to many government departments and agencies. Dr. Burman had a lengthy career in the federal government, serving in policy positions in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and OMB as Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy under Presidents Reagan, Bush, and Clinton. Dr. Burman is the former chair of the Procurement Round Table, a fellow and member of the Board of Advisors of the National Contract Management Association, a member of the Partnership for Public Service, and an Honorary Member of the National Defense Industrial Association. He is a NAPA Fellow. PREPUBLICATION COPYâSUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 82
KEITH A. COLEMAN is a special project manager at Boeing Phantom Works working on advanced weapon development. Mr. Coleman has worked in the Boeing Military Aircraft production and Phantom Works advanced design organizations working production and prototype fighter and Unmanned Air Vehicle aircraft and weapon systems for over 31 years. He was previously assigned as the division chief engineer for Boeingâs Cruise Missile Systems and Direct Attack weapons within Boeing Defense Systems. Mr. Coleman recently worked in Boeingâs Special Pursuits Cell, designing and building a special-purpose Tier 2 class unmanned air vehicle. He was also the program manager for the OSD Counter Electronics High-Powered Microwave Advanced Missile Project Joint Capability Technology Demonstration resulting in the worldâs first successful air-launched high-power microwave cruise missile. DONA L. CRAWFORD retired as associate director for computation from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), where she led the laboratoryâs high-performance computing efforts, one of the premier computing centers in the world. In the capacity she was responsible for the development and deployment of an integrated computing environment for petascale simulations of complex physical phenomena. This environment includes high-performance computers, scientific visualization facilities, high-performance storage systems, network connectivity, multiresolution data analysis, mathematical models, scalable numerical algorithms, computer applications, and necessary services to enable laboratory mission goals and scientific discovery through simulation. Prior to her LLNL appointment in July 2001, Ms. Crawford had been with Sandia National Laboratories since 1976, serving on many leadership projects, including the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative, the Nuclear Weapons Policy Board, and the Nuclear Weapons Strategic Business Unit. Ms. Crawford serves on several boards and advisory committees to advance scientific research, technology development, and educational endeavors. MARTIN C. FAGA is a retired president and chief executive officer of the MITRE Corporation. As a Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC), MITREâs governance has parallels with the governance of NNSA facilities. Before joining MITRE, Mr. Faga served from 1989 until 1993 as Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space, where he was responsible for overall supervision of Air Force space matters. At the same time, he served as Director of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), responsible to the Secretary of Defense and the Director of Central Intelligence for the development, acquisition, and operation of all U.S. satellite reconnaissance programs. Mr. Faga is a member of several boards of directors. He served from 2006â2009 on the Presidentâs Intelligence Advisory Board. Mr. Faga is a NAPA Fellow. PAUL A. FLEURY is the Frederick William Beinecke Professor Emeritus of Engineering and Applied Physics at Yale University. Dr. Fleury is the founding director of the Yale Institute for Nanoscience and Quantum Engineering. He served as dean of engineering at Yale from 2000 until 2008. Prior to joining Yale, Dr. Fleury was dean of the School of Engineering at the University of New Mexico starting in 1996, following 30 years at AT&T Bell Laboratories. At Bell Laboratories, Dr. Fleury was director of three different research divisions covering physics, materials, and materials processing research between 1979 and 1996. From 1992â1993, he was Vice President for Research and Exploratory Technology at Sandia National Laboratories. Dr. Fleury is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. T.J. GLAUTHIER is president and CEO of TJG Energy Associates, LLC. Mr. Glauthier also is an executive board member and advisor for public and private organizations in the energy sector. He currently serves on the board of two corporations: California Bioenergy, which produces renewable energy from the methane from dairies in Californiaâs Central Valley, and VIA Motors, manufacturer of electric-drive pickup trucks and vans. Mr. Glauthier advises Stem, an energy storage and management company headquartered in Silicon Valley, and Booz Allen Hamiltonâs energy practice, including its work for the Department of Energy, the National Nuclear Security Agency, the DOE national laboratories, and PREPUBLICATION COPYâSUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 83
on innovative management approaches to government programs. He co-chaired the congressionally chartered Commission to Review the Effectiveness of the National Energy Laboratories (CRENEL), which produced the 2015 report Securing Americaâs Future: Realizing the Potential of the Department of Energyâs National Laboratories, and he was also a member of the congressionally chartered Advisory Panel on the Governance of the Nuclear Security Enterprise (the âAugustine-Mies panelâ) that produced the 2014 report A New Foundation for the Nuclear Enterprise. Mr. Glauthier is a graduate of Claremont McKenna College and the Harvard Business School. DAVID GRAHAM is Deputy Division Director in the Strategy, Forces, and Resources Division at the Institute of Defense Analyses, an FFRDC. Since 1995, Dr. Graham has led several dozen studies addressing postâCold War national security roles, responsibilities, and organizations for a variety of sponsors. His work on the DOE nuclear weapons complex includes co-authoring IDAâs 1996 â120-Day Studyâ of the Organization and Management of the Nuclear Weapons Program; participating in Admiral Hank Chilesâs 1999 Presidential Commission on Nuclear Expertise; co-authoring the Chilesâs studies of DOE security in the early 2000s; and serving as a member of the 2008 Defense Science Board Panel on nuclear deterrence skills. Dr. Graham served for 4 years (1999â2003) as the IDA study lead for the Panel to Assess the Reliability, Safety, and Security of the U.S. Nuclear Stockpile (the âFoster Panelâ). In 2013â2014, he served as the executive director for the congressionally mandated Augustine-Mies Panel and assisted in preparing their 2014 report and testimony, which led to the current study. Most recently, Dr. Graham led a congressionally mandated study on the management of security operations at DOEâs Category I nuclear sites. WILLIAM GREENWALT is an advisor and consultant to a range of government and private sector clients on defense and government matters. Previously, Mr. Greenwalt served as a Professional Staff Member for the Senate Armed Services Committee focusing on issues related to acquisition, the industrial base, and management reform. Prior assignments included serving as the Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Industrial Policy, Visiting Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, Vice President for Acquisition Policy at the Aerospace Industries Association, Deputy Director for Surveys and Investigations for the House Appropriations Committee, and Federal Acquisition Policy Director at Lockheed Martin. He also served previously in professional staff positions with the U.S. Senate and the Government Accountability Office. Mr. Greenwalt is a NAPA Fellow. ROBERT HALE is a senior executive advisor at Booz Allen Hamilton and senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security. Mr. Hale was previously Department of Defense Comptroller, and in that role he acted as principal advisor to three Secretaries of Defense on budgetary and financial matters. He also served as the Air Force Comptroller. Prior to service in the Department of Defense, Mr. Hale was the executive director of the American Society of Military Comptrollers. His career began as an active duty officer in the U.S. Navy. Mr. Hale received a masterâs degree in operations research from Stanford University. He has been involved in several NAPA activities, including contributing to the recent publication Building a 21st Century SES: Ensuring Leadership Excellence in Our Federal Government. Mr. Hale is a NAPA Fellow. BARBARA ROMZEK is a former dean of American Universityâs School of Public Affairs and a professor of Public Administration and Policy. Before joining American University, Dr. Romzek held faculty and senior leadership positions at the University of Kansas, the last being interim senior vice provost for academic affairs. Dr. Romzek is recognized for her expertise in the area of public management and accountability, with emphases on government reform, contracting, and network service delivery. Building on her research on formal accountability structures and processes, her recent work focuses on informal accountability in collaborative network settings. Dr. Romzekâs research has encompassed complex federal work settings, including NASA, Congress, and the U.S. Air Force, as well as state agencies, local governments, and nonprofit agencies. Dr. Romzek has received research awards PREPUBLICATION COPYâSUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 84
from the American Society for Public Administration and the American Political Science Association (APSA). Most recently, she received the John Gaus Award from APSA for lifetime achievement in political science and public administration. Dr. Romzek is a NAPA Fellow. JOAN B. WOODARD is an independent consultant. Dr. Woodard retired in 2010 from Sandia National Laboratories as Executive Vice President and Deputy Director. She served as the Chief Operating Officer from 1999 to 2005. During her 36-year career at Sandia, Dr. Woodard led the energy technology development programs as well as the national security programs and was the executive with oversight for human resources and compensation as well as budget and finance. She oversaw Sandiaâs Defense, Homeland Security, and Energy programs, and she led several strategic initiatives, including strategies for energy, cybersecurity, and the future of science and technology. Dr. Woodard served as deputy lab director of nuclear weapons at Sandia Corporation. Dr. Woodard earned her doctorate degree in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and a masterâs degree in engineering economics from Stanford University. MERRI WOOD-SCHULTZ is a retired fellow and guest scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Dr. Wood-Schultz is currently a member of the Nuclear Forensics Science Panel (NFSP) for the Department of Homeland Security, and in that capacity she is a part-time consultant for Noblis. Her work at LANL included the physics design of thermonuclear weapons, nuclear weapons-related laboratory experiments (above ground experiments), the development of concepts and methods for certifying nuclear performance (the effects of code calibration on predictions and the quantification of margins and uncertainty), and nuclear intelligence. Before the end of nuclear testing, Dr. Wood-Schultz was responsible for the conceptual and physics design of numerous nuclear tests and add-on experiments. She holds a Ph.D. in physics from Georgia Institute of Technology. STAFF SARAH (SALLY) JAGGAR is co-project director on the congressionally mandated assessment of governance and management improvements at the National Nuclear Security Administration. At NAPA, Ms. Jaggar has led or participated in multiple other studies, including serving as senior advisor on agile government initiatives. Prior to joining the Academy, Ms. Jaggar was a senior strategic advisor at the Partnership for Public Service, where she led numerous projects leading to reports on cybersecurity, civil service reform, innovation, performance management and improvement, and especially on successful recruiting, hiring, and retention for federal agencies. At the U.S. Government Accountability Office, Ms. Jaggar served as Managing Director for Mission Support in the Human Capital Office; Managing Director for Health Financing and Public Health Issues; and Director of Operations in the Accounting and Information Management Division, among others. She holds an M.A. from the American University and a B.A. from Duke University. Ms. Jaggar is a NAPA Fellow. SCOTT WEIDMAN is co-project director and deputy executive director for the Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Prior to that, Dr. Weidman served as director of the National Academies Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics (BMSA). He joined the National Academies in 1989 with BMSA and moved to the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology in 1992. In 1996, Dr. Weidman established a new board to conduct annual peer reviews of the Army Research Laboratory, which conducts a broad array of science, engineering, and human factors research and analysis, and he later also directed a similar board that reviews the work of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. He rejoined BMSA as its director in 1999 until moving to his current position. During his National Academies career, Dr. Weidman has staffed studies on a wide variety of topics related to mathematical, chemical, and materials sciences; laboratory assessments; the nuclear security enterprise; and science and technology policy. He holds PREPUBLICATION COPYâSUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 85
bachelorâs degrees in mathematics and materials science from Northwestern University and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in applied mathematics from the University of Virginia. Before joining the National Academies, Dr. Weidman held positions with General Electric, General Accident Insurance Company, Exxon Research and Engineering, and MRJ, Inc. SHENAE BRADLEY is an administrative assistant at the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, where she has worked since 2008. Prior to joining the National Academies, Ms. Bradley managed a number of apartment rental communities for Edgewood Management Corporation in the Maryland/D.C./Delaware metropolitan areas. Ms. Bradley attended the University of Maryland, College Park. ADAM DARR is a research analyst at NAPA. Mr. Darr joined NAPA in 2015 as a research associate, having previously interned in the summer of 2013. He has served on numerous NAPA projects, including work for the National Science Foundation, Farm Service Agency, U.S. Secret Service, Federal Aviation Administration, and Federal Bureau of Prisons. His areas of emphasis are governance and management reform, organizational change, human capital, and project and acquisition management. Mr. Darr graduated (2015) from Virginia Commonwealth University with a B.A. in political science and homeland security/emergency management. LAWRENCE NOVEY joined NAPA as a senior advisor in 2016 and has specialized in studies addressing governance and management reform, environmental and regulatory policy, and international anti- corruption and human rights initiatives. Before that, Mr. Novey served for 17 years with the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, including as Chief Counsel for Governmental Affairs, where he managed legislation and oversight on governmental management and operations, focusing on civil service and human capital management, regulatory policy, and governmental transparency and ethics. Previously, at EPA, the Congressional Office of Compliance, and OMB, he developed regulations and procedures for pollution control, terms and conditions of employment, and expedited industrial permitting. Mr. Novey also practiced law, specializing in environmental compliance and in the resolution of disputes involving toxic-chemical exposure. He holds an A.B. from Harvard College and a J.D. from Columbia Law School. MARIA RAPUANO is project staff member at NAPA, where she has served as a deputy project director for studies of the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division, and the Government Printing Office, and as a senior advisor for reviews of the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate, the Defense Civilian Intelligence Personnel System, and the FEMA Flood Mapping Program, and for a project assisting the Indian Health Service in the development of its strategic plan. Prior to joining NAPA, Ms. Rapuano was a project director with the Alliance for Healthy Homes (formerly the Alliance to End Childhood Lead Poisoning) and helped found and direct the organizationâs international program. She served on the board of directors of the Trust for Lead Poisoning Prevention. Ms. Rapuano holds an M.A. in international affairs from the American University and a B.A. in government from the College of William and Mary. MICHELLE SCHWALBE is director of the Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics (BMSA) at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Dr. Schwalbe joined the National Academies in 2010 as a Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Fellow working in BMSA and then worked as an associate review officer with the Report Review Committee (RRC). Following her stint with the RRC, she returned to BMSA as an associate program officer, then as a program officer, and then as a senior program officer. Dr. Schwalbe directed the Committee on Theoretical and Applied Statistics (CATS) from 2011â2017. She has been involved in a variety of activities focused on the mathematical sciences, machine learning, reproducibility of scientific results, automotive fuel economy, electric vehicles, and additive manufacturing. Dr. Schwalbe previously held positions at Oak Ridge PREPUBLICATION COPYâSUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 86
National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Her interests lie broadly in mathematics, statistics, and their many applications. She has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering and an M.S. in engineering science and applied mathematics from Northwestern University, and a B.S. in applied mathematics specializing in computing from the University of California, Los Angeles. SEAN SMOOKE has worked for NAPA as a research associate since August 2019. Mr. Smookeâs first project completed was the Montgomery County Council: Legislative Branch Operations Assessment, concluding in November 2019. In addition to his work on this NNSA study, he supports a NAPA panel conducting an assessment of the National Park Service Museum Collections Storage Management. He provides additional support to NAPAâs Quarterly Working Capital Fund Symposium. Mr. Smooke holds a B.A. from Claremont McKenna College in government and legal studies. FORMER PARTICIPANTS The following individuals served on the panel for a portion of its existence but had to resign, at varying times, because of other obligations: Jill Dahlburg (Co-Chair), Robert Shea (Co-Chair), Elizabeth Cantwell, William Madia, Kathleen Peroff, Elizabeth Robinson, Tammy Taylor, and Mitchell Wallerstein. In addition, the following staff members worked on this study for a portion of its duration: Myra Howze Shiplett (Co-Project Director), Eric Christensen, Emily Fay, and Amanda Zink, from the National Academy of Public Administration; and Rodney Howard from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. PREPUBLICATION COPYâSUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 87