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Understanding Impacts to Airports From Temporary Flight Restrictions (2020)

Chapter: References and Bibliography

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Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Understanding Impacts to Airports From Temporary Flight Restrictions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25934.
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Page 53
Page 54
Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Understanding Impacts to Airports From Temporary Flight Restrictions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25934.
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Page 54
Page 55
Suggested Citation:"References and Bibliography." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Understanding Impacts to Airports From Temporary Flight Restrictions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25934.
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Page 55

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53 References and Bibliography Agnish, J. 2018. “This Is What Happens at NJ Airports When Trump Visits Bedminster,” North Jersey Record, April 26, 2018, https://www.eveningsun.com/story/news/local/2018/04/26/nj-airports-pilots-brace-flight- restrictions-trumps-visits-bedminster/525162002/ (as of September 23, 2019). AOPA 2003. “White House Hears from AOPA Members on Presidential TFRs,” AOPA What’s New, July 23, 2003, https://web.archive.org/web/20070607205736/http://www.aopa.org/whatsnew/newsitems/2003/ 03-3-038x.html (as of September 23, 2019). AOPA 2004. “No TFRs for Kerry Campaign,” AOPA What’s New, August 3, 2004, https://web.archive.org/web/ 20081202075816/http://www.aopa.org/whatsnew/newsitems/2004/040803kerry.html (as of September 23, 2019). AOPA 2008. “TFR Frequency to Increase over Beale AFB,” February 21, 2008, https://www.aopa.org/news-and- media/all-news/2008/february/21/tfr-frequency-to-increase-over-beale-afb (as of September 23, 2019). Bachman, J. 2018. “The Billionaire Space Race Is Making Life Difficult for Airlines,” Bloomberg, June 27, 2018, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-06-27/the-billionaire-space-race-is-making-life-difficult- for-airlines (as of September 23, 2019). Beckett, J. 2013. “Is it Time to Re-Think TFRs?” General Aviation News, Feb. 26, 2013, https://generalaviation news.com/2013/02/26/is-it-time-to-re-think-tfrs/#more-75961 (as of September 23, 2019). Congressional Research Service. 2019. “Impact of Commercial Space Launch Activities on Aviation,” IF11351• Version 1, Nov. 1, 2019. Del Blazo, J. 2017. “Temporary Flight Restrictions: Time to Reassess the Consequences?” JDA Journal, March 7, 2017, https://jdasolutions.aero/blog/temporary-flight-restrictions/ (as of September 23, 2019) Di Ionno, M. 2018. “If Trump Is Re-Elected, This N.J. Skydiving Company Could Be Put Out of Business,” NJ Advance Media, Sept. 2, 2018, https://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2018/09/security_trumps_small_ airborne_businesses_when_pre.html (as of September 23, 2019). Duke, Rune. Letter from AOPA to U.S. DOT re Docket Number FAA–2019–0229 and Notice Number 19–01; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for the Streamlined Launch and Reentry Licensing Requirements, July 2, 2019, http://download.aopa.org/advocacy/2019/190715_space_launch.pdf (as of November 26, 2019). Experimental Aircraft Association 2019. “AirVenture 2019: Facts and Figures for a Record Year,” EAA, July 30, 2019, https://eaa.org/airventure/eaa-airventure-news-and-multimedia/eaa-airventure-news/eaa-airventure- oshkosh/7-30-2019-AirVenture-2019-Facts-and-Figures-for-a-Record-Year (as of September 23, 2019). FAA. 2007. “Washington D.C. Metropolitan ADIZ and FRZ Advisory”, August 30, 2007. https://www.faa.gov/ news/updates/adiz_frz/media/DC_ADIZ-FRZ_Advisory.pdf (as of September 23, 2019). FAA. 2009. “Airport Compliance Manual”, FAA Order 5190.6B, September 30, 2009. https://www.faa.gov/airports/ resources/publications/orders/compliance_5190_6/media/5190_6b_chap7.pdf (as of September 23, 2019). FAA. 2012. “Grant Assurances,” Presentation to AAND and SDAMA Fall Conference, Oct. 10-12, 2012. FAA. 2014. “Airport Sponsor Assurances”, March 2014. https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/grant_assurances/ media/airport-sponsor-assurances-aip.pdf (as of September 23, 2019). FAA. 2016. “Grant Assurances (Obligations)”, February 2, 2016. https://www.faa.gov/airports/aip/grant_assurances/ (as of September 23, 2019). FAA. 2018a. Aeronautical Information Manual, 2018, section 3-4. FAA. 2018b. Aeronautical Information Manual, 2018, section 3-5-3. FAA.2019. “Super Bowl LII”, January 2019. https://superbowl.faa.gov/ (as of September 23, 2019). FAA TFR. 2019. “TFR List,” http://tfr.faa.gov/tfr2/list.html (as of January 5, 2019). Factba.se. 2018. “Donald Trump—President’s Public Schedule”, https://factba.se/topic/calendar (as of September 23, 2019).

54 Understanding Impacts to Airports From Temporary Flight Restrictions Fagan, M. 2017. “Trump’s New Jersey Visits Hurt Local Airports, Officials Say,” Evening Sun, Aug. 9, 2017, https://www.eveningsun.com/story/news/2017/08/09/trumps-new-jersey-visits-hurt-local-airports- officials-say/545828001/ (as of September 23, 2019). Federal Register. 2019. “Streamlined Launch and Reentry Licensing Requirements,” a Proposed Rule by the Federal Aviation Administration, 84 FR 15296, April 15, 2019. Docket No. FAA-2019-0229. Available at https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2019/04/15/2019-05972/streamlined-launch-and-reentry- licensing-requirements (as of November 26, 2019). Flightradar24. 2019. https://www.flightradar24.com (as of September 23, 2019). Fort Wayne Airport 2019. “Fort Wayne Air Show Impact on Travel to Fort Wayne International Airport,” Press Release, June 6, 2019, https://fwairport.com/news/fort-wayne-air-show-impact-on-travel-to-fort- wayne-international-airport/ (as of September 23, 2019). Heck, J.W., 2009. “Pushing the Envelope: Why Washington, D.C. Airspace Restrictions Do Not Enhance Security,” Journal of Air Law and Commerce, 74:335. Jackson, G., 2017. “Closure Date Set for St. Marys Airport,” The Brunswick News, Feb. 17, 2017, https:// thebrunswicknews.com/news/local_news/closure-date-set-for-st-marys-airport/article_3b5af781-b602- 5917-9e4e-70d795c46d2f.html (as of September 23, 2019). Kilgannon, C. 2018. “Trump’s Visits Ground Business as Small New Jersey Airports,” The New York Times, July 20, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/20/nyregion/trump-new-jersey-airports-pilots.html (as of September 23, 2019). Lynch, K. 2018. “House FY19 Bill to Reimburse Airports for Trump Visits,” AIN Online, May 22, 2018, https://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/business-aviation/2018-05-22/house-fy19-bill-reimburse- airports-trump-visits (as of September 23, 2019). Metron Aviation. 2011. “On-Demand Special Use Airspace,” SBIR Phase II Final Technical Report presented to NASA, Contract Number NNX09CA04C, April 29, 2011. Michaels, J. 2014. “Civilian Pilots Still Straying Into Restricted Airspace,” USA Today, May 27, 2014, https:// www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/05/27/norad-pilots-intercepts-aircraft/9500255/ (as of Septem- ber 23, 2019). Miller, A. 2016. “Economic Impact of Presidential TFR Over Trump’s Florida Residence Is Steep,” AOPA, December 15, 2016, https://www.aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2016/december/15/economic- impact-of-presidential-tfr-over-trump-florida-residence-is-steep (as of September 23, 2019). Muscavage, N. 2018. “Presidential Visits Ground Model Airplanes for Thousands of Square Miles,” Bridgewater Courier News, July 7, 2018, https://www.eveningsun.com/story/news/nation-now/2018/07/07/trump-faa- model-airplanes/765296002/ (as of September 23, 2019). Namowitz, D. 2017a. “AOPA Seeks FAA Meeting on Mar-A-Lago TFRs,” AOPA, February 14, 2017, https://www. aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2017/february/14/aopa-seeks-faa-meeting-on-mar-a-lago-tfrs (as of September 23, 2019). Namowitz, D. 2017b. “Lantana Airport Faces New TFR Shutdown,” AOPA, March 16, 2017, https://www.aopa. org/news-and-media/all-news/2017/march/16/lantana-airport-faces-new-tfr-shutdown (as of Septem- ber 23, 2019). Namowitz, D. 2017c. “Lantana Airport Businesses Scramble to Survive,” AOPA, March 22, 2017, https://www. aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2017/march/22/lantana-airport-businesses-scramble-to-survive (as of September 23, 2019). Namowitz, D. 2017d. “Wildfire Ahead? Check for a TFR,” AOPA, September 14, 2017, https://www.aopa.org/ news-and-media/all-news/2017/september/14/wildfire-ahead-check-for-a-tfr (as of September 23, 2019). Namowitz, D. 2017e. “Texas Airport Hosts GA, Border Surveillance Drones,” AOPA, March 30, 2017, https:// www.aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2017/march/30/texas-airport-hosts-ga-border-surveillance- drones (as of September 23, 2019). Namowitz, D. 2018a. “Bedminster TFR Incursions Continuing. ‘Best Practices’ Can Help You Steer Clear,” AOPA, July 17, 2018, https://www.aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2018/july/17/bedminster-tfr- incursions-continuing (as of September 23, 2019). Namowitz, D. 2019. “Space Launches and General Aviation,” AOPA, July 16, 2019, https://www.aopa.org/ news-and-media/all-news/2019/july/16/space-launches-and-general-aviation (as of September 23, 2019). NBAA 2017. “PBI Businesses Severely Impacted by POTUS TFRs,” NBAA, April 6, 2017, https://nbaa.org/ aircraft-operations/airspace/alerts/pbi-businesses-severely-impacted-potus-tfrs/ (as of September 23, 2019). NBAA 2018. “Temporary Flight Restrictions,” https://www.nbaa.org/ops/airspace/alerts/notams/temporary- flight-restrictions.php#vip (as of September 23, 2019). New York Times. 2017. “Hawaii Dealt with its Own Presidential Flight Restriction Hassles,” The New York Times, Feb. 20, 2017, http://www.staradvertiser.com/2017/02/20/nyt/hawaii-dealt-with-its-own-presidential- flight-restriction-hassles/ (as of September 23, 2019). Obama White House archive. 2017. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/blog.

References and Bibliography 55 O’Brien, K. 2017. “For Small Airports in N.J., Trump’s Weekend Visits Cast a 30-Mile-Long Shadow,” Inside Jersey, June 9, 2017, https://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2017/06/trump_bedminster_airports.html (as of September 23, 2019). Okita, T. 2011. “Temporary Flight Restrictions to Come With President Obama’s Visit,” Hawaii News Now, June 22, 2011, http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/13681680/temporary-flight-restrictions-due-to- presidential-visit (as of January 5, 2019). Pilots of America (internet forum) 2013. “What Kind of TFR is This at Grand Forks?” November 9, 2013, https://www.pilotsofamerica.com/community/threads/what-kind-of-tfr-is-this-at-grand-forks.65387/ (as of September 23, 2019). Porter, D. 2017. “Trump Visits Putting Dent in NJ Airports’ Business,” Associated Press, Aug. 8, 2017, https:// www.northjersey.com/story/news/local/2017/08/08/trump-visits-putting-dent-nj-airports-business/ 104400092/ (as of September 23, 2019). Ricks, L.B. 2018. “GA Fights for Access In Face of Presidential TFRs,” Plane & Pilot, Sept. 7, 2018, https://www. planeandpilotmag.com/article/ga-fights-for-access-in-face-of-presidential-tfrs/ (as of September 23, 2019). Spence, C. 2012. “Political Convention TFRs Demand Serious Study,” General Aviation News, Aug. 9, 2012, https://generalaviationnews.com/2012/08/09/political-convention-tfrs-demand-serious-study/#more-67657 (as of September 23, 2019). Tarrazi, A. 2018. “4-H Model Planes Grounded as Trump Returns to Bedminster,” Bridgewater Patch, Aug. 2, 2018, https://patch.com/new-jersey/bridgewater/4-h-model-planes-grounded-trump-returns-bedminster (as of September 23, 2019). Thurber, M. 2015. “Pope Francis Gets Presidential TFR Treatment,” AIN Online, Sept. 24, 2015, https:// www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/aerospace/2015-09-24/pope-francis-gets-presidential-tfr-treatment (as of November 26, 2019). Transport Canada. 2018. “AIP Canada (ICAO) Supplement 15/18,” March 29, 2018. Uraizee, I., and Y. Zhu. 2017. “Flight Paths Change Dramatically When Donald Trump is in Palm Beach,” South Florida Sun Sentinel, March 24, 2017, https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/politics/sfl-trump- airspace-restrictions-map-20170323-htmlstory.html (as of September 23, 2019). U.S. Secret Service and FAA. 2018. “Mar-a-Lago TFR Procedures, PBI Playbook”, PowerPoint Presentation, November 14, 2018. Available at: https://assets.simpleviewinc.com/simpleview/image/upload/v1/clients/ pbi/2018_11_14_Mar_A_Lago_Brief_U_7dcb8052-c312-4a43-8014-ded468e7b040.pdf (as of September 23, 2019). Welshans, T. 2017. “Presidential TFR Trouble,” Flowers for Socrates (blog), March 4, 2017 https://flowersfor socrates.com/2017/03/04/presidential-tfr-trouble/ (as of September 23, 2019). Williams, J. 2011. “We’re on a Mission: Taking the Mystery Out of Temporary Flight Restrictions,” FAA Safety Briefing, May/June 2011, pp. 16–18 https://www.faa.gov/news/Safety_Briefing/2011/media/MayJun2011. pdf (as of September 23, 2019). Wood, J. 2011. “GA Seeks Relief for Losses From TFRs,” General Aviation News, June 6, 2011, https://general aviationnews.com/2011/06/06/ga-seeks-relief-for-losses-from-tfrs/ (as of September 23, 2019).

Next: Appendix A - Presidential Domestic Trips in 2016 and 2018 »
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Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) can be implemented for several reasons, including security, hazards, space operations, special events, and VIP travel. VIP TFRs, specifically presidential TFRs, have much greater impact than other types of TFRs because they encompass a larger geography, are longer in duration, and may have little advance notice.

The TRB Airport Cooperative Research Program's ACRP Research Report 224: Understanding Impacts to Airports From Temporary Flight Restrictions identifies financial and other ramifications of TFRs on airports and aviation-related businesses.

Also included as part of the report is an electronic tool that will estimate the financial ramifications of a TFR for a specific airport or related business. Further, a video was created that shows how to use the spreadsheet, with instructional voiceovers explaining its features.

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